NEW YORK — Bank of America Corp. on Monday reported third-quarter results earlier than planned, revealing a wider-than-expected profit drop and plans to boost capital by selling $10 billion stock and halving its dividend.
Like most other major financial institutions, Bank of America has been hit by significant losses in mortgages, credit cards and other souring debt. Its CEO also decided to acquire Countrywide Financial Corp., Merrill Lynch and La Salle Bank over the past year, three deals that are driving the need for extra cash.
Profit fell 68 percent to $1.18 billion, or 15 cents per share, for the July-to-September period from $3.7 billion, or 82 cents per share, in the same period last year. That was much lower than analysts' estimates of 62 cents per share, according to Thomson Financial.
Shares dropped another 8 percent in after-hours trading, after falling $2.26, or 6.6 percent, to close at $32.22 during Monday's session.
To raise capital, Bank of America said it plans to sell $10 billion of common stock. Executives said that amount takes into account the Merrill Lynch buyout, which is expected to close at the end of the year.
The bank is also slashing its quarterly dividend to 32 cents from 64 cents _ a move it says will save the Charlotte, N.C.-based company $1.4 billion a quarter. That's $5.6 billion per year.
Bank of America joins a slew of other companies including Citigroup Inc. that have cut their dividend and sold additional stock, moves that reduce value for shareholders, at least for the short-term. CEO Kenneth D. Lewis had said earlier this year that he would not lower the dividend unless the economy significantly worsened. Now, he is calling the current environment the "most difficult times for financial institutions that I have experienced in my 39 years in banking."
The company reported its results two weeks earlier than scheduled, and just minutes after the Dow Jones industrial average dropped 370 points to finish at 9,955.50, the lowest close in nearly four years. Financial markets around the world have been plunging due to a seize-up in lending.
The tightening in the credit markets could eventually ease as the government's $700 billion bailout plan and other actions work through the system, Lewis said. But he doesn't expect Bank of America to loosen up its underwriting standards anytime soon.
"We're making every good loan we can find ... but it's not going to be pretty for a while," Lewis said during a conference call with investors.
For every type of loan product, standards have been raised and pricing has worsened for the customer, Lewis said. "It's very different than three months ago, six months ago, nine months ago, and that's going to continue for some period of time."
Bank of America said Monday it made a $6.45 billion provision for credit losses _ up from $5.83 billion in the second quarter and from $2.03 billion in the third quarter last year _ after seeing massive deterioration in unsecured consumer loans, credit cards and residential mortgages.
To prepare for further deterioration, the bank added nearly $2 billion to its loan and lease loss allowance, which now stands at $20.35 billion, or 2.17 percent of its total loans and leases.
Credit card trends were particularly worrisome. Net charge-offs rose to $1.24 billion, representing a net charge-off rate of 6.14 percent.
"BofA's numbers underscore that banks are going to feel the sting of higher losses this quarter," said Keefe Bruyette & Woods Inc. analyst Jefferson Harralson.
The bank also took charges of $952 million from structured debt products known as collateralized debt obligations; write-downs of commercial mortgages and leveraged loans of $327 million; write-downs on preferred stock of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac of $320 million; and losses of $313 million due to auction rate securities.
Bank of America has been regarded as one of the stronger players on the U.S. banking landscape, thanks in large part to its overall size and massive base of deposits. It agreed to buy Merrill Lynch, the world's biggest brokerage, last month after discussions between banking executives and government officials that led to the bankruptcy of Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. and the government's takeover of American International Group Inc., the world's largest insurer.
Lewis made the decision even as his company continued to absorb the troubled mortgage lender Countrywide _ a major reason behind Bank of America's poor third-quarter results. Bank of America, facing a lawsuit over deceptive mortgage practices, said earlier Monday that it will pay more than $8 billion to modify troubled mortgages for nearly 400,000 Countrywide customers.