Justice Thurgood Marshall, the first black member of the Supreme Court, ended his 24 years there bitter and frustrated. He had been unable, he said, to persuade his colleagues in many cases concerning racial equality, the cause to which he had devoted his life.
"What do they know about Negroes?" Justice Marshall asked an interviewer. "You can't name one member of this court who knows anything about Negroes before he came to this court."