Subtitle B--Reducing Health Disparities
SEC. 1221. ENSURING EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION IN MEDICARE.
(a) ENSURING EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION BY THE 6 CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES.--
(1) STUDY ON MEDICARE PAYMENTS FOR LANGUAGE SERVICES.--The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall conduct a study that examines the extent to which Medicare service providers utilize, offer, or make available language services for beneficiaries who are limited English proficient and ways that Medicare should develop payment systems for language services.
(2) ANALYSES.--The study shall include an analysis of each of the following:
(A) How to develop and structure appropriate payment systems for language services for all Medicare service providers.
(B) The feasibility of adopting a payment methodology for on-site interpreters, including
interpreters who work as independent contractors and interpreters who work for agencies that provide on-site interpretation, pursuant to which such interpreters could directly bill
care for services provided in support of physician office services for an LEP Medicare patient.
(C) The feasibility of Medicare contracting directly with agencies that provide off-site interpretation including telephonic and video interpretation pursuant to which such contractors could directly bill Medicare for the services provided in support of physician office services for an LEP Medicare patient.
(D) The feasibility of modifying the existing Medicare resource-based relative value scale (RBRVS) by using adjustments (such as multipliers or add-ons) when a patient is LEP.
(E) How each of options described in a previous paragraph would be funded and how such funding would affect physician payments, a physician's practice, and beneficiary cost-sharing.
(F) The extent to which providers under parts A and B of title XVIII of the Social Security Act, MA organizations offering Medicare Advantage plans under part C of such title and PDP sponsors of a prescription drug plan under part D of such title utilize, offer, or make
available language services for beneficiaries with limited English proficiency.
(G) The nature and type of language services provided by States under title XIX of the Social Security Act and the extent to which such services could be utilized by beneficiaries and providers under title XVIII of such Act.
(3) VARIATION IN PAYMENT SYSTEM DESCRIBED.--The payment systems described in para10 graph (2)(A) may allow variations based upon types of service providers, available delivery methods, and costs for providing language services including such factors as--
(A) the type of language services provided (such as provision of health care or health care related services directly in a non-English language by a bilingual provider or use of an interpreter);
(B) type of interpretation services provided (such as in-person, telephonic, video interpretation);
(C) the methods and costs of providing language services (including the costs of providing language services with internal staff or
through contract with external independent contractors or agencies, or both);
(D) providing services for languages not frequently encountered in the United States; and
(E) providing services in rural areas.
(4) REPORT.--The Secretary shall submit a report on the study conducted under subsection (a) to appropriate committees of Congress not later than 12 months after the date of the enactment of this Act.
(5) EXEMPTION FROM PAPERWORK REDUCTION ACT.--Chapter 35 of title 44, United States Code (commonly known as the ''Paperwork Reduction Act'' ), shall not apply for purposes of carrying out this subsection.
(6) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.-- There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subsection such sums as are necessary. (b) HEALTH PLANS.--Section 1857(g)(1) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w--27(g)(1)) is amended--
(1) by striking ''or'' at the end of subparagraph (F);
(2) by adding ''or'' at the end of subparagraph (G); and
(3) by inserting after subparagraph (G) the following new subparagraph:
''(H) fails substantially to provide language services to limited English proficient beneficiaries enrolled in the plan that are required under law;''.
SEC. 1222. DEMONSTRATION TO PROMOTE ACCESS FOR MEDICARE BENEFICIARIES WITH LIMITED ENGLISH PROFICIENCY BY PROVIDING REIMBURSEMENT FOR CULTURALLY AND LINGUISTICALLY APPROPRIATE SERVICES.
(a) IN GENERAL.--Not later than 6 months after the date of the completion of the study described in section 1221(a), the Secretary, acting through the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, shall carry out a demonstration program under which the Secretary shall award not fewer than 24 3-year grants to eligible Medicare service providers (as described in subsection (b)(1)) to improve effective communication between such providers and Medicare beneficiaries who are living in communities where racial and ethnic minorities, including populations that face language barriers, are underserved with respect to such services. In designing and carrying out the demonstration
the Secretary shall take into consideration the results of the study conducted under section 1221(a) and adjust, as appropriate, the distribution of grants so as to better target Medicare beneficiaries who are in the greatest need of language services. The Secretary shall not authorize a grant larger than $500,000 over three years for any grantee.
(b) ELIGIBILITY; PRIORITY.--
(1) ELIGIBILITY.--To be eligible to receive a grant under subsection (a) an entity shall--
i) a provider of services under part A of title XVIII of the Social Security Act;
(ii) a service provider under part B of such title;
(iii) a part C organization offering a Medicare part C plan under part C of such title; or
(iv) a PDP sponsor of a prescription drug plan under part D of such title; and
(B) prepare and submit to the Secretary an application, at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such additional information as the Secretary may require.
(A) DISTRIBUTION.--To the extent feasible, in awarding grants under this section, the Secretary shall award--
(i) at least 6 grants to providers of services described in paragraph (1)(A)(i);
(ii) at least 6 grants to service providers described in paragraph (1)(A)(ii);
(iii) at least 6 grants to organizations described in paragraph (1)(A)(iii); and
(iv) at least 6 grants to sponsors described in paragraph (1)(A)(iv).
(B) FOR COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS.-- The Secretary shall give priority to applicants that have developed partnerships with community organizations or with agencies with experience in language access.
(C) VARIATION IN GRANTEES.--The Secretary shall also ensure that the grantees under this section represent, among other factors, variations in--
(i) different types of language services provided and of service providers and organizations under parts A through D of title
(ii) languages needed and their frequency of use;
(iii) urban and rural settings;
(iv) at least two geographic regions, as defined by the Secretary; and
(v) at least two large metropolitan statistical areas with diverse populations.
(c) USE OF FUNDS.--
(1) IN GENERAL.--A grantee shall use grant funds received under this section to pay for the pro vision of competent language services to Medicare beneficiaries who are limited English proficient. Competent interpreter services may be provided through on-site interpretation, telephonic interpretation, or video interpretation or direct provision of health care or health care related services by a bilingual health care provider. A grantee may use bilingual providers, staff, or contract interpreters. A grantee may use grant funds to pay for competent translation services. A grantee may use up to 10 percent of the grant funds to pay for administrative costs associated with the provision of competent language services and for reporting required under subsection (e).
(2) ORGANIZATIONS.--Grantees that are part C organizations or PDP sponsors must ensure that their network providers receive at least 50 percent of the grant funds to pay for the provision of competent language services to Medicare beneficiaries who are limited English proficient, including physicians and pharmacies.
(3) DETERMINATION OF PAYMENTS FOR LANGUAGE SERVICES.--Payments to grantees shall be calculated based on the estimated numbers of limited English proficient Medicare beneficiaries in a grantee's service area utilizing--
(A) data on the numbers of limited English proficient individuals who speak English less than ''very well'' from the most recently available data from the Bureau of the Census or other State-based study the Secretary determines likely to yield accurate data regarding the number of such individuals served by the grantee; or
(B) the grantee's own data if the grantee routinely collects data on Medicare beneficiaries' primary language in a manner determined by the Secretary to yield accurate data and such data shows greater numbers of limited
English proficient individuals than the data listed in subparagraph (A).
(A) REPORTING.--Payments shall only be provided under this section to grantees that report their costs of providing language services as required under subsection (e) and may be modified annually at the discretion of the Secretary. If a grantee fails to provide the reports under such section for the first year of a grant, the Secretary may terminate the grant and solicit applications from new grantees to participate in the subsequent two years of the dem14 onstration program.
(B) TYPE OF SERVICES.--
(i) IN GENERAL.--Subject to clause (ii), payments shall be provided under this section only to grantees that utilize competent bilingual staff or competent interpreter or translation services which--
(I) if the grantee operates in a State that has statewide health care interpreter standards, meet the State standards currently in effect; or
(II) if the grantee operates in a State that does not have statewide health care interpreter standards, utilizes competent interpreters who follow the National Council on Inter6 preting in Health Care's Code of Ethics and Standards of Practice.
(ii) EXEMPTIONS.--The requirements of clause (i) shall not apply--
(I) in the case of a Medicare beneficiary who is limited English proficient (who has been informed in the beneficiary's primary language of the availability of free interpreter and translation services) and who requests the use of family, friends, or other persons untrained in interpretation or translation and the grantee documents the request in the beneficiary's record; and
(II) in the case of a medical emergency where the delay directly associated with obtaining a competent interpreter or translation services
would jeopardize the health of the patient. Nothing in clause (ii)(II) shall be construed to exempt emergency rooms or similar entities that regularly provide health care services in medical emergencies from having in place systems to provide competent interpreter and translation services without undue delay.
(d) ASSURANCES.--Grantees under this section shall--
(1) ensure that appropriate clinical and support staff receive ongoing education and training in linguistically appropriate service delivery;
(2) ensure the linguistic competence of bilingual providers;
(3) offer and provide appropriate language services at no additional charge to each patient with limited English proficiency at all points of contact, in a timely manner during all hours of operation;
(4) notify Medicare beneficiaries of their right to receive language services in their primary language;
(5) post signage in the languages of the commonly encountered group or groups present in the service area of the organization; and
(6) ensure that--
(A) primary language data are collected for recipients of language services; and
(B) consistent with the privacy protections provided under the regulations promulgated pursuant to section 264(c) of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (42 U.S.C. 1320d--2 note), if the recipient of language services is a minor or is incapacitated, the primary language of the parent or legal guardian is collected and utilized.
(e) REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.--Grantees under this section shall provide the Secretary with reports at the conclusion of the each year of a grant under this section. Each report shall include at least the following information:
(1) The number of Medicare beneficiaries to whom language services are provided.
(2) The languages of those Medicare beneficiaries.
(3) The types of language services provided (such as provision of services directly in non-English
language by a bilingual health care provider or use of an interpreter).
(4) Type of interpretation (such as in-person, telephonic, or video interpretation).
(5) The methods of providing language services (such as staff or contract with external independent contractors or agencies).
(6) The length of time for each interpretation encounter.
(7) The costs of providing language services (which may be actual or estimated, as determined by the Secretary).
(f) NO COST SHARING.--Limited English proficient Medicare beneficiaries shall not have to pay cost-sharing or co-pays for language services provided through this demonstration program.
(g) EVALUATION AND REPORT.--The Secretary shall conduct an evaluation of the demonstration program under this section and shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report not later than 1 year after the completion of the program. The report shall include the following:
(1) An analysis of the patient outcomes and costs of furnishing care to the limited English proficient Medicare beneficiaries participating in the
project as compared to such outcomes and costs for limited English proficient Medicare beneficiaries not participating.
(2) The effect of delivering culturally and linguistically appropriate services on beneficiary access to care, utilization of services, efficiency and cost-effectiveness of health care delivery, patient satisfac8 tion, and select health outcomes.
(3) Recommendations, if any, regarding the extension of such project to the entire Medicare program.
(h) GENERAL PROVISIONS.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit otherwise existing obligations of recipients of Federal financial assistance under title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000(d) et seq.) or any other statute.
(i) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.--There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $16,000,000 for each fiscal year of the demonstration program.
SEC. 1223. IOM REPORT ON IMPACT OF LANGUAGE ACCESS SERVICES
and publish, not later than 3 years after the date of the enactment of this Act, a report on the impact of language access services on the health and health care of limited English proficient populations.
(b) CONTENTS.--Such report shall include--
(1) recommendations on the development and implementation of policies and practices by health care organizations and providers for limited English proficient patient populations;
(2) a description of the effect of providing language access services on quality of health care and access to care and reduced medical error; and
(3) a description of the costs associated with or savings related to provision of language access services.
SEC. 1224. DEFINITIONS.
In this subtitle:
(1) BILINGUAL.--The term ''bilingual'' with respect to an individual means a person who has sufficient degree of proficiency in two languages and can ensure effective communication can occur in both languages.
(2) COMPETENT INTERPRETER SERVICES.--The term ''competent interpreter services'' means a
trans-language rendition of a spoken message in
which the interpreter comprehends the source language and can speak comprehensively in the target language to convey the meaning intended in the source language. The interpreter knows health and health-related terminology and provides accurate interpretations by choosing equivalent expressions that convey the best matching and meaning to the source language and captures, to the greatest possible extent, all nuances intended in the source message.
(3) COMPETENT TRANSLATION SERVICES.--The term ''competent translation services'' means a trans-language rendition of a written document in which the translator comprehends the source language and can write comprehensively in the target language to convey the meaning intended in the source language. The translator knows health and health-related terminology and provides accurate translations by choosing equivalent expressions that convey the best matching and meaning to the source language and captures, to the greatest possible extent, all nuances intended in the source document.
(4) EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION.--The term ''effective communication'' means an exchange of information between the provider of health care or health care-related services and the limited English
proficient recipient of such services that enables limited English proficient individuals to access, understand, and benefit from health care or health care-related services.
(5) INTERPRETING/INTERPRETATION.--The terms ''interpreting'' and ''interpretation'' mean the transmission of a spoken message from one language into another, faithfully, accurately, and objectively.
(6) HEALTH CARE SERVICES.--The term ''health care services'' means services that address physical as well as mental health conditions in all care settings.
(7) HEALTH CARE-RELATED SERVICES.--The term ''health care-related services'' means human or social services programs or activities that provide access, referrals or links to health care.
(8) LANGUAGE ACCESS.--The term ''language access'' means the provision of language services to an LEP individual designed to enhance that individual's access to, understanding of or benefit from health care or health care-related services.
(9) LANGUAGE SERVICES.--The term ''language services'' means provision of health care services directly in a non-English language, interpretation, translation, and non-English signage.
(10) LIMITED ENGLISH PROFICIENT.--The term ''limited English proficient'' or ''LEP'' with respect to an individual means an individual who speaks a primary language other than English and who cannot speak, read, write or understand the English language at a level that permits the individual to effectively communicate with clinical or nonclinical staff at an entity providing health care or health care related services.
(11) MEDICARE BENEFICIARY.--The term ''Medicare beneficiary'' means an individual entitled to benefits under part A of title XVIII of the Social Security Act or enrolled under part B of such title.
(12) MEDICARE PROGRAM.--The term ''Medicare program'' means the programs under parts A through D of title XVIII of the Social Security Act.
(13) SERVICE PROVIDER.--The term ''service provider'' includes all suppliers, providers of services, or entities under contract to provide coverage, items or services under any part of title XVIII of the Social Security Act.
Subtitle C--Miscellaneous Improvements
SEC. 1231. EXTENSION OF THERAPY CAPS EXCEPTION PROCESS.
Section 1833(g)(5) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395l(g)(5)), as amended by section 141 of the Medicare Improvements for Patients and Providers Act of 2008 (Public Law 110--275), is amended by striking ''December 31, 2009'' and inserting ''December 31, 2011''.
SEC. 1232. EXTENDED MONTHS OF COVERAGE OF IMMUNO11 SUPPRESSIVE DRUGS FOR KIDNEY TRANSPLANT PATIENTS AND OTHER RENAL DIALYSIS PROVISIONS.
(a) PROVISION OF APPROPRIATE COVERAGE OF IM15 MUNOSUPPRESSIVE DRUGS UNDER THE MEDICARE PROGRAM FOR KIDNEY TRANSPLANT RECIPIENTS.--
(1) CONTINUED ENTITLEMENT TO IMMUNOSUPPRESSIVE DRUGS.--
(A) KIDNEY TRANSPLANT RECIPIENTS.-- Section 226A(b)(2) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 426--1(b)(2)) is amended by inserting ''(except for coverage of immunosuppressive drugs under section 1861(s)(2)(J))'' before '', with the thirty-sixth month''.
(B) APPLICATION.--Section 1836 of such Act (42 U.S.C. 1395o) is amended--
(i) by striking ''Every individual who'' and inserting ''(a) IN GENERAL.--Every individual who''; and
(ii) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
''(b) SPECIAL RULES APPLICABLE TO INDIVIDUALS ONLY ELIGIBLE FOR COVERAGE OF IMMUNOSUPPRESSIVE DRUGS.--
''(1) IN GENERAL.--In the case of an individual whose eligibility for benefits under this title has ended on or after January 1, 2012, except for the coverage of immunosuppressive drugs by reason of section 226A(b)(2), the following rules shall apply:
''(A) The individual shall be deemed to be enrolled under this part for purposes of receiving coverage of such drugs.
''(B) The individual shall be responsible for providing for payment of the portion of the premium under section 1839 which is not covered under the Medicare savings program (as defined in section 1144(c)(7)) in order to receive such coverage.
''(C) The provision of such drugs shall be subject to the application of--
''(i) the deductible under section 1833(b); and
''(ii) the coinsurance amount applicable for such drugs (as determined under this part).
''(D) If the individual is an inpatient of a hospital or other entity, the individual is entitled to receive coverage of such drugs under this part.
''(2) ESTABLISHMENT OF PROCEDURES IN ORDER TO IMPLEMENT COVERAGE.--The Secretary shall establish procedures for--
''(A) identifying individuals that are entitled to coverage of immunosuppressive drugs byreason of section 226A(b)(2); and
''(B) distinguishing such individuals from individuals that are enrolled under this part for the complete package of benefits under this part.''.
(C) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT TO CORRECT DUPLICATE SUBSECTION DESIGNATION.-- Subsection (d) of section 226A of such Act (42 U.S.C. 426--1), as added by section
201(a)(3)(D)(ii) of the Social Security Independence and Program Improvements Act of 1994 (Public Law 103--296; 108 Stat. 1497), is redesignated as subsection (d).
(2) EXTENSION OF SECONDARY PAYER REQUIREMENTS FOR ESRD BENEFICIARIES.--Section 1862(b)(1)(C) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 1395y(b)(1)(C)) is amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: ''With regard to immunosuppressive drugs furnished on or after the date of the enactment of the America's Affordable Health Choices Act of 2009, this subparagraph shall be applied without regard to any time limitation.''.
(b) MEDICARE COVERAGE FOR ESRD PATIENTS.-- Section 1881 of such Act is further amended--
(1) in subsection (b)(14)(B)(iii), by inserting '', including oral drugs that are not the oral equivalent of an intravenous drug (such as oral phosphate binders and calcimimetics),'' after ''other drugs and biologicals'';
(2) in subsection (b)(14)(E)(ii)--
(A) in the first sentence--
(i) by striking ''a one-time election to be excluded from the phase-in'' and inserting
''an election, with respect to 2011,
2012, or 2013, to be excluded from the phase-in (or the remainder of the phase-in)''; and
(ii) by adding at the end the following: ''for such year and for each subsequent year during the phase-in described in clause (i)''; and
(B) in the second sentence--
(i) by striking ''January 1, 2011'' and inserting ''the first date of such year''; and
(ii) by inserting ''and at a time'' after ''form and manner''; and
(3) in subsection (h)(4)(E), by striking ''lesser'' 14 and inserting ''greater''.
SEC. 1233. ADVANCE CARE PLANNING CONSULTATION.
(1) IN GENERAL.--Section 1861 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395x) is amended--
(A) in subsection (s)(2)--
(i) by striking ''and'' at the end of subparagraph (DD);
(ii) by adding ''and'' at the end of subparagraph (EE); and
(iii) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
''(FF) advance care planning consultation (as defined in subsection (hhh)(1));''; and
(B) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
''Advance Care Planning Consultation
''(hhh) (1) Subject to paragraphs (3) and (4), the term 'advance care planning consultation' means a consultation between the individual and a practitioner described in paragraph (2) regarding advance care planning, if, subject to paragraph (3), the individual involved has not had such a consultation within the last 5 years. Such consultation shall include the following:
''(A) An explanation by the practitioner of advance care planning, including key questions and considerations, important steps, and suggested people to talk to.
''(B) An explanation by the practitioner of advance directives, including living wills and durable 19 powers of attorney, and their uses.
''(C) An explanation by the practitioner of the role and responsibilities of a health care proxy.
''(D) The provision by the practitioner of a list of national and State-specific resources to assist consumers and their families with advance care planning, including the national toll-free hotline, the
advance care planning clearinghouses, and State legal service organizations (including those funded through the Older Americans Act of 1965).
''(E) An explanation by the practitioner of the continuum of end-of-life services and supports available, including palliative care and hospice, and benefits for such services and supports that are available under this title.
''(F)(i) Subject to clause (ii), an explanation of orders regarding life sustaining treatment or similar orders, which shall include--
''(I) the reasons why the development of such an order is beneficial to the individual and the individual's family and the reasons why such an order should be updated periodically as the health of the individual changes;
''(II) the information needed for an individual or legal surrogate to make informed decisions regarding the completion of such an order; and
''(III) the identification of resources that an individual may use to determine the requirements of the State in which such individual resides so that the treatment wishes of that individual
will be carried out if the individual is
unable to communicate those wishes, including requirements regarding the designation of a surrogate decisionmaker (also known as a health care proxy).
''(ii) The Secretary shall limit the requirement for explanations under clause (i) to consultations furnished in a State--
''(I) in which all legal barriers have been addressed for enabling orders for life sustaining treatment to constitute a set of medical orders respected across all care settings; and
''(II) that has in effect a program for orders for life sustaining treatment described in clause (iii).
''(iii) A program for orders for life sustaining treatment for a States described in this clause is a program that--
''(I) ensures such orders are standardized and uniquely identifiable throughout the State;
''(II) distributes or makes accessible such orders to physicians and other health professionals that (acting within the scope of the professional's authority under State law) may sign orders for life sustaining treatment;
''(III) provides training for health care professionals across the continuum of care about the goals and use of orders for life sustaining treatment; and
''(IV) is guided by a coalition of stakeholders includes representatives from emergency medical services, emergency department physicians or nurses, state long-term care association, state medical association, state surveyors, agency responsible for senior services, state department of health, state hospital association, home health association, state bar association, and state hospice association.
''(2) A practitioner described in this paragraph is--
''(A) a physician (as defined in subsection (r)(1)); and
''(B) a nurse practitioner or physician's assistant who has the authority under State law to sign orders for life sustaining treatments.
''(3)(A) An initial preventive physical examination 21 under subsection (WW), including any related discussion during such examination, shall not be considered an advance care planning consultation for purposes of applying the 5-year limitation under paragraph (1).
''(B) An advance care planning consultation with respect to an individual may be conducted more frequently than provided under paragraph (1) if there is a significant change in the health condition of the individual, including diagnosis of a chronic, progressive, life-limiting disease, a life-threatening or terminal diagnosis or life-threatening injury, or upon admission to a skilled nursing facility, a long-term care facility (as defined by the Secretary), or a hospice program.
''(4) A consultation under this subsection may include the formulation of an order regarding life sustaining treatment or a similar order.
''(5)(A) For purposes of this section, the term 'order regarding life sustaining treatment' means, with respect to an individual, an actionable medical order relating to the treatment of that individual that--
''(i) is signed and dated by a physician (as de18 fined in subsection (r)(1)) or another health care professional (as specified by the Secretary and who is acting within the scope of the professional's authority under State law in signing such an order, including a nurse practitioner or physician assistant) and is in a form that permits it to stay with the individual and be followed by health care professionals and providers across the continuum of care;
''(ii) effectively communicates the individual's preferences regarding life sustaining treatment, including an indication of the treatment and care desired by the individual;
''(iii) is uniquely identifiable and standardized within a given locality, region, or State (as identified by the Secretary); and
''(iv) may incorporate any advance directive (as defined in section 1866(f)(3)) if executed by the individual.
''(B) The level of treatment indicated under subparagraph (A)(ii) may range from an indication for full treatment to an indication to limit some or all or specified interventions. Such indicated levels of treatment may include indications respecting, among other items--
''(i) the intensity of medical intervention if the patient is pulse less, apneic, or has serious cardiac or pulmonary problems; ''(ii) the individual's desire regarding transfer to a hospital or remaining at the current care setting;
''(iii) the use of antibiotics; and
''(iv) the use of artificially administered nutrition and hydration.''.
(2) PAYMENT.--Section 1848(j)(3) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w-4(j)(3)) is amended by inserting
''(2)(FF),'' after ''(2)(EE),''.
(3) FREQUENCY LIMITATION.--Section 1862(a) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 1395y(a)) is amended--
(A) in paragraph (1)--
(i) in subparagraph (N), by striking ''and'' at the end;
(ii) in subparagraph (O) by striking the semicolon at the end and inserting '', and''; and
(iii) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
''(P) in the case of advance care planning consultations (as defined in section 1861(hhh)(1)), which are performed more frequently than is covered under such section;''; and
(B) in paragraph (7), by striking ''or (K)'' and inserting ''(K), or (P)''.
(4) EFFECTIVE DATE.--The amendments made by this subsection shall apply to consultations furnished on or after January 1, 2011.
(b) EXPANSION OF PHYSICIAN QUALITY REPORTING INITIATIVE FOR END OF LIFE CARE.--
(1) PHYSICIAN'S QUALITY REPORTING INITIATIVE.--Section 1848(k)(2) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w--4(k)(2)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
''(3) PHYSICIAN'S QUALITY REPORTING INITIATIVE.--
''(A) IN GENERAL.--For purposes of reporting data on quality measures for covered professional services furnished during 2011 and any subsequent year, to the extent that measures are available, the Secretary shall include quality measures on end of life care and advanced care planning that have been adopted or endorsed by a consensus-based organization, if appropriate. Such measures shall measure both the creation of and adherence to orders for life-sustaining treatment.
''(B) PROPOSED SET OF MEASURES.-- The Secretary shall publish in the Federal Register proposed quality measures on end of life care and advanced care planning that the Secretary determines are described in subparagraph (A) and would be appropriate for eligible professionals to use to submit data to the Secretary. The Secretary shall provide for a period of
public comment on such set of measures before finalizing such proposed measures.''.
(c) INCLUSION OF INFORMATION IN MEDICARE & 4 YOU HANDBOOK.--
(1) MEDICARE & YOU HANDBOOK.-- 6 (A) IN GENERAL.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall update the online version of the Medicare & You Handbook to include the following: (i) An explanation of advance care planning and advance directives, including--
(I) living wills;
(II) durable power of attorney;
(III) orders of life-sustaining treatment; and
(IV) health care proxies.
(ii) A description of Federal and State resources available to assist individuals and their families with advance care planning and advance directives, including--
(I) available State legal service organizations to assist individuals with advance care planning, including
those organizations that receive funding pursuant to the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 93001 et seq.);
(II) website links or addresses for State-specific advance directive forms; and
(III) any additional information, as determined by the Secretary.
(B) UPDATE OF PAPER AND SUBSEQUENT VERSIONS.--The Secretary shall include the information described in subparagraph (A) in all paper and electronic versions of the Medicare & You Handbook that are published on or after the date that is 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 1234. PART B SPECIAL ENROLLMENT PERIOD AND WAIVER OF LIMITED ENROLLMENT PENALTY FOR TRICARE BENEFICIARIES.
(a) PART B SPECIAL ENROLLMENT PERIOD.--
(1) IN GENERAL.--Section 1837 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395p) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
''(l)(1) In the case of any individual who is a covered beneficiary (as defined in section 1072(5) of title 10,
United States Code) at the time the individual is entitled to hospital insurance benefits under part A under section 226(b) or section 226A and who is eligible to enroll but who has elected not to enroll (or to be deemed enrolled) during the individual's initial enrollment period, there shall be a special enrollment period described in paragraph (2).
''(2) The special enrollment period described in this paragraph, with respect to an individual, is the 12-month period beginning on the day after the last day of the initial enrollment period of the individual or, if later, the 12-month period beginning with the month the individual notified of enrollment under this section.
''(3) In the case of an individual who enrolls during the special enrollment period provided under paragraph (1), the coverage period under this part shall begin on the first day of the month in which the individual enrolls or, at the option of the individual, on the first day of the second month following the last month of the individual's initial enrollment period.
''(4) The Secretary of Defense shall establish a method for identifying individuals described in paragraph (1) and providing notice to them of their eligibility for enrollment during the special enrollment period described in paragraph (2).''.
(2) EFFECTIVE DATE.--The amendment made by paragraph (1) shall apply to elections made on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.
(b) WAIVER OF INCREASE OF PREMIUM.--
(1) IN GENERAL.--Section 1839(b) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395r(b)) is amended by striking ''section 1837(i)(4)'' and inserting ''subsection (i)(4) or (l) of section 1837''.
(2) EFFECTIVE DATE.--
(A) IN GENERAL.--The amendment made by paragraph (1) shall apply with respect to elections made on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.
(B) REBATES FOR CERTAIN DISABLED AND ESRD BENEFICIARIES.-- (i) IN GENERAL.--With respect to premiums for months on or after January 2005 and before the month of the enactment of this Act, no increase in the premium shall be effected for a month in the case of any individual who is a covered beneficiary (as defined in section 1072(5) of title 10, United States Code) at the time the individual is entitled to hospital insurance benefits under part A of title XVIII
of the Social Security Act under section 226(b) or 226A of such Act, and who is eligible to enroll, but who has elected not to enroll (or to be deemed enrolled), during the individual's initial enrollment period, and who enrolls under this part within the 12-month period that begins on the first day of the month after the month of notification of entitlement under this part.
(ii) CONSULTATION WITH DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.--The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall consult with the Secretary of Defense in identifying individuals described in this paragraph.
(iii) REBATES.--The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall establish a method for providing rebates of premium increases paid for months on or after January 1, 2005, and before the month of the enactment of this Act for which a penalty was applied and collected.
SEC. 1235. EXCEPTION FOR USE OF MORE RECENT TAX YEAR IN CASE OF GAINS FROM SALE OF PRIMARY RESIDENCE IN COMPUTING PART B INCOME-RELATED PREMIUM.
(a) IN GENERAL.--Section 1839(i)(4)(C)(ii)(II) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395r(i)(4)(C)(ii)(II)) is amended by inserting ''sale of primary residence,'' after ''divorce of such individual,''.
(b) EFFECTIVE DATE.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall apply to premiums and payments for years beginning with 2011.
SEC. 1236. DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM ON USE OF PATIENT DECISIONS AIDS.
(a) IN GENERAL.--The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall establish a shared decision making demonstration program (in this subsection referred to as the ''program'') under the Medicare program using patient decision aids to meet the objective of improving the understanding by Medicare beneficiaries of their medical treatment options, as compared to comparable Medicare beneficiaries who do not participate in a shared decision making process using patient decision aids.
(1) ENROLLMENT.--The Secretary shall enroll in the program not more than 30 eligible providers who have experience in implementing, and have
invested in the necessary infrastructure to implement, shared decision making using patient decision aids.
(2) APPLICATION.--An eligible provider seeking to participate in the program shall submit to the Secretary an application at such time and containing such information as the Secretary may require.
(3) PREFERENCE.--In enrolling eligible providers in the program, the Secretary shall give preference to eligible providers that--
(A) have documented experience in using patient decision aids for the conditions identified by the Secretary and in using shared decision making;
(B) have the necessary information technology infrastructure to collect the information required by the Secretary for reporting purposes; and
(C) are trained in how to use patient decision aids and shared decision making.
(c) FOLLOW-UP COUNSELING VISIT.--
(1) IN GENERAL.--An eligible provider participating in the program shall routinely schedule Medicare beneficiaries for a counseling visit after the viewing of such a patient decision aid to answer any questions the beneficiary may have with respect to
the medical care of the condition involved and to assist the beneficiary in thinking through how their preferences and concerns relate to their medical care.
(2) PAYMENT FOR FOLLOW-UP COUNSELING VISIT.--The Secretary shall establish procedures for making payments for such counseling visits provided to Medicare beneficiaries under the program. Such procedures shall provide for the establishment--
(A) of a code (or codes) to represent such services; and
(B) of a single payment amount for such service that includes the professional time of the health care provider and a portion of the reasonable costs of the infrastructure of the eligible provider such as would be made under the applicable payment systems to that provider for similar covered services.
(d) COSTS OF AIDS.--An eligible provider participating in the program shall be responsible for the costs of selecting, purchasing, and incorporating such patient decision aids into the provider's practice, and reporting data on quality and outcome measures under the program.
(e) FUNDING.--The Secretary shall provide for the transfer from the Federal Supplementary Medical Insurance
Trust Fund established under section 1841 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395t) of such funds as are necessary for the costs of carrying out the program.
(f) WAIVER AUTHORITY.--The Secretary may waive such requirements of titles XI and XVIII of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1301 et seq. and 1395 et seq.) as may be necessary for the purpose of carrying out the program.
(g) REPORT.--Not later than 12 months after the date of completion of the program, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on such program, together with recommendations for such legislation and administrative action as the Secretary determines to be appropriate. The final report shall include an evaluation of the impact of the use of the program on health quality, utilization of health care services, and on improving the quality of life of such beneficiaries.
(h) DEFINITIONS.--In this section:
(1) ELIGIBLE PROVIDER.--The term ''eligible provider'' means the following:
(A) A primary care practice.
(B) A specialty practice.
(C) A multispecialty group practice.
(D) A hospital.
(E) A rural health clinic.
(F) A Federally qualified health center (as defined in section 1861(aa)(4) of the Social Se3
curity Act (42 U.S.C. 1395x(aa)(4)).
(G) An integrated delivery system.
(H) A State cooperative entity that includes the State government and at least one other health care provider which is set up for the purpose of testing shared decision making and patient decision aids.
(2) PATIENT DECISION AID.--The term ''patient decision aid'' means an educational tool (such as the Internet, a video, or a pamphlet) that helps patients (or, if appropriate, the family caregiver of the patient) understand and communicate their beliefs and preferences related to their treatment options, and to decide with their health care provider what treatments are best for them based on their treatment options, scientific evidence, circumstances, beliefs, and preferences.
(3) SHARED DECISION MAKING.--The term ''shared decision making'' means a collaborative process between patient and clinician that engages the patient in decision making, provides patients with information about trade-offs among treatment [options, and facilitates the incorporation of patient preferences and values into the medical plan. -P. 443]
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