Today, Martha's Vineyard - summer retreat for the likes of Bill Clinton, Harvey Weinstein, Spike Lee and now the Obamas - depends on thousands of Brazilians to do the hard labour. Unlike earlier influxes, these newcomers are mostly illegal (estimates are as high as 70 per cent); but until recently, their efforts were welcome and their legal status largely ignored. The immigrants build, garden and scrub the summer residents' trophy homes - so that they can build their own trophy homes back in Brazil. Nobody, including the immigrants themselves, expected them to put down roots on the island.
How Brazilian Migration Transformed Martha's Vineyard