BUSAN, South Korea — Finance officials from leading advanced and emerging countries began three days of talks Thursday on reshaping the global economic system to prevent debilitating crises like the one that took the world to the brink of a depression in 2008.
The European sovereign debt crisis, which has triggered slides in global financial markets and the euro, is overshadowing longer term efforts to reform banking regulation and set up financial safety nets for countries emerging from crisis.
Indian Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee said that the continent's debt woes were worrisome and have implications beyond the region.
"If it affects the recovery of Europe as a whole, then it will affect the world recovery," Mukherjee told reporters. The issue was certain to be discussed at the meetings, he said.
Reinforcing fears that consumers are fretting about the debt crisis afflicting the region, retail sales in the 16 countries that use the single currency fell by 1.2 percent in April from March, the EU's statistics office said Thursday.
The Group of 20 was founded in 1999 and shot into the limelight in late 2008 as the key international forum for managing the global financial system as countries grappled with the crisis brought on by the collapse of U.S. investment bank Lehman Brothers.
The gathering brings together rich countries like the United States, Japan and Germany, emerging powers like China and developing economies Indonesia and South Africa, who have demanded and gained more say in the wake of the crisis.
Group of 20 deputy finance ministers and central bank governors started meeting Thursday to prepare a draft communique that their bosses will discuss Friday and Saturday, said Kim Young-min, a spokesman for South Korea's Ministry of Strategy and Finance.
South Korea, which assumed the rotating G-20 chair this year, is hosting the meetings in the southern port city of Busan. Seoul will convene a G-20 summit in November.
Japan's finance minister, Naoto Kan, will miss the Friday gathering because he is a candidate in a vote that day to chose his party's leader, after the country's current prime minister resigned.
Ministers will be looking to shore up confidence in the markets and in the $1 trillion bailout plan for ailing European economies, hoping to stave off any wider damage to the world economic recovery.
The G-20, which met in Washington in April, is gathering again ahead of a summit in Canada later this month. The organization is working on proposals to hand to leaders to help ensure its goal of achieving "strong, sustainable and balanced growth" for the global economy.
"The global economic situation is so precarious that the participants are in no mood to use the Busan meeting as just a photo session," Lee Chang-sup, chief editorial writer at the Korea Times, wrote in Thursday's edition.
The G-20 is trying to come up with a new financial architecture, having agreed at a series of summits in the United States and Britain since late 2008 on the need for tighter regulation to prevent the kind of Lehman-induced turmoil that could potentially sink the global economy.
But agreement is far from certain on proposals for a bank tax, for setting new standards on how much capital banks need to protect against a future financial crisis and erecting "financial safety nets" to help emerging economies vulnerable to financial flows.
The issue of the bank tax to pay for future bailouts has proved divisive. The U.S. and Europe favor the move, but others such as Canada and Australia oppose it given that their banks weathered the global crisis intact.
U.S. Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner said Wednesday he did not think the G-20 would agree at this week's meeting on the bank tax issue. But he said differences were narrowing in other areas, including capital standards.
"We want to accelerate progress on a global agreement on core reforms," Geithner told reporters at a briefing in Washington before departing for Busan.
India's Mukherjee, while refusing to come down on one side or the other on the bank tax, said that in general terms improved regulation was preferable to taxation.
"Taxation is not the alternative," he said.
AP Economics Writer Martin Crutsinger in Washington and Business Writer Elaine Kurtenbach in Busan contributed to this report.