08/03/2010 04:24 pm ET Updated May 25, 2011

U.S. Trying The Lessons Of Baghdad In Kandahar

Today's AfPak round-up:

Pakistan foreign minister summons UK envoy over British PM's comments. Pakistan Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi called the meeting to protest British Prime Minister David Cameron's suggestion in a recent speech that Pakistan exports terrorism. This comes as anti-UK protests swept Karachi, Pakistan's largest city, and on the eve of a meeting between Cameron and Pakistan President Asif Ali Zardari scheduled to take place in London on Friday. [BBC]

UN takes 10 Taliban leaders off terror blacklist. The UN Security Council has also removed the names of 14 individuals and 21 firms and foundations linked to Al Qaeda from the list, leaving them free to travel and access foreign assets. This comes after repeated claims by Afghan President Hamid Karzai that the removal of key Taliban leaders from the list is a prerequisite to an Afghan peace settlement. This is the first audit of the UN's terror list since it was created in 1999. [RFE-RL]

Kandahar City starts to look like Baghdad. NATO commanders hope new population control measures, including new checkpoints, concrete blast zones, and identification cards for Kandahar residents, will help separate civilians from insurgents in much the same way that coalition forces separated Sunni and Shia Iraqis in Baghdad during the Iraq surge. These tactics, however, will be more difficult to implement in Afghanistan since, unlike in Iraq, where Sunnis and Shias live in separate neighborhoods with discrete borders, Afghan insurgents easily blend into civilian neighborhoods; and while Sunni and Shia Iraqis both relied on U.S. forces to protect them from each other, many Afghan civilians feel greater affinity for the insurgents than for NATO forces. [WashPo]

Petraeus issues first guidance document to troops. The document is similar to that issued by Gen. Stanley McChrystal last year, emphasizing the need to provide security and good governance to Afghans, tackle corruption, and and "pursue the enemy relentlessly." Gen. Petraeus's guidance document will soon be accompanied by a tactical directive to soldiers--expected to be released this week--which will clairify restrictions on troops' ability to call in airstrikes. [Voice of America]