Inflation is back, and it's not limited to America.
Prices in developed countries are rising at the highest rate since the financial crisis first started in 2008, caused largely by increasing food and gas prices, according to figures released on Thursday by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development.
In OECD countries, fuel prices have risen 10 percent in the past year and food prices have risen 3 percent. The Paris-based economic group found that consumer prices in OECD areas rose by 2.4 percent overall.
In the U.S., inflation accelerated by 2.1 percent, modest in comparison to the 4.4 percent spike in the United Kingdom. Italy saw inflation rise by 2.4 percent, and in Germany, inflation was up 2.1 percent. While inflation slowed down in Canada and France, consumer prices rose in all those countries. In Japan, where inflation remained stable, consumer prices fell. (See slideshow below for more information on inflation rates in the OECD.)
Steadily rising gas and food prices pushed U.S. consumer spending totals higher in February, the eighth straight increase. According to a calculation by Gluskin-Sheff economist David Rosenberg noted by New York Times, Americans now spend more than 22 percent of their salaries on food or gas. This level, Rosenberg notes, has only seen twice in the last 20 years.
Higher prices are already creeping into the lives of millions, economists say.
"There is a risk of higher commodity prices feeding into prices, we are already seeing companies boost prices to protect higher profit margins," said Lynn Reaser, chief economist at Point Loma Nazarene University in San Diego. But lower income families will be hardest hit, Reaser said. "The bigger risk is the impact on consumer purchasing power for lower income households which are now under significant pressures."
Demand for commodities ranging from copper to corn is increasing in emerging economies like India, China and Brazil. Droughts and floods around the world limited crop supplies and also helped push prices up. Oil prices had started rising in October, but political turmoil in the Middle East and North Africa caused oil prices to spike.
In the U.S., Federal Reserve officials have been debating whether to raise interest rates to combat inflation. "If we wait too long we will get a lot of inflation in the United States and around the world," James Bullard, president of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis said in a speech on Tuesday, Reuters reported. Speaking at an economic conference in the Czech Republic, he reportedly told the audience that the U.S. economy was set to pick up, and that the Fed had to start tightening monetary policy before it produced "a lot of inflation."
But some economists also warn that higher food and energy prices do not necessarily trigger higher prices of goods and services. The OECD report stressed that excluding food and energy prices, inflation was stable -- 1.3 percent -- in February.
Gas prices and higher food costs drove inflation up 2.1 percent in the U.S. in February 2011, compared with last year.
Inflation was stable in Japan, at 0 percent for the third month in a row, according to the OECD. (Pictured: A woman walks past vegetables dsplayed at a supermarket in Nihonmatsu, Fukushima prefecture.)
In February, inflation was up 2.4 percent in Italy. A woman holds a plastic bag in front of a supermarket in central Rome.
Inflation slowed a little in Canada, going from 2.3 in January to 2.2 percent in February.
Inflation in the UK rose to 4.4 percent in February. A fuel pump displays a price of 164.5 pence per litre for unleaded petrol at the Chelsea Cloisters garage in London.
In Germany, inflation was up 2.1 percent in February. (Pictured: A basket of groceries at a branch of German organic grocery store chain Bio Company in Berlin.)
Inflation slowed slightly in France, down from 1.8 percent in the year up until January 2011, to 1.7 percent in the year up to February. (Pictured: The fish counter in a supermarket Gramont, southern France.)