Saudi Arabia, Kuwait Face End Of 'Easy Oil' With Ambitious Experiment

05/24/2011 09:44 am ET | Updated Jul 24, 2011

WAFRA, Kuwait -- The Arabian Peninsula has fueled the global economy with oil for five decades. How long it can continue to do so hinges on projects like one unfolding here in the desert sands along the Saudi Arabia-Kuwait border.

Saudi Arabia became the world's top oil producer by tapping its vast reserves of easy-to-drill, high-quality light oil. But as demand for energy grows and fields of "easy oil" around the world start to dry up, the Saudis are turning to a much tougher source: the billions of barrels of heavy oil trapped beneath the desert.

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