Pandora Media, the company behind the popular online music streaming service, has filed for an initial public offering and will begin trading publicly for the first time ever on Wednesday morning.
Pandora's stock market debut is a highly anticipated affair as it marks the latest Internet company IPO and comes amidst concerns that skyrocketing valuations for social networking sites and other online firms may portend another tech bubble.
Get updates throughout the day on Pandora's IPO in our live blog below.
Pandora Media's share price has dipped below its opening price of , and now it is trading at only .59.
This marks a 10.5 percent decline from the end of trading yesterday. According to TechCrunch, the Pandora bubble officially has popped.
Washington Post satirical blogger Alexandra Petri had a witty take on Pandora's business model yesterday:
"How is Pandora worth more than billion? I’ve been suggesting bad music to people for years — for free!
“'Do you like this song?' I ask. 'Here is another song that is not as good as the song you were just listening to. Like the first song, it employs drums. I am assuming that’s what you liked about the first song, the use of drums. But if not, I will suggest three more songs by the same artist just to make sure you understand what I’m getting at. No? Okay, here is an ad for Heineken....'
"No wonder Pandora’s worth so much money. That is what happens when you delegate taste, as we’re increasingly doing: to algorithms, Personal Shoppers and whoever picks those owl sculptures for Urban Outfitters. I wish I were quirky, but I’m too busy! Can Zooey Deschanel send me a list of the clothing she’s wearing?"
During its first day as a public company, Pandora Media's share price proved to be valued by investors only 9 percent more than its opening price: at .42 per share.
Henry Blodget, editor-in-chief of Business Insider, wrote without irony, "CONGRATULATIONS WALL STREET AND PANDORA! A Hot Tech IPO Is Finally Priced Correctly."
Blodget argued that correctly pricing a technology company during an IPO is good both for the company and for investors.
Many online commentators have noted that Pandora has only modest hopes for profitability in the future, at best. And investors do not need an Economics PhD to know that companies need to have a realistic plan to become profitable to stay in business.
After soaring to a high of per share, Pandora Media's share price now is hovering only 13 percent above its opening price of : at about .
As royalty fees outpace possible advertising revenue per user, Pandora's losses during its most recently recorded 9 months were .8 million, in contrast to losses of million during the same period last year.
Alexandra Petri, a satirical blogger at The Washington Post, tweeted, "You are kidding me. Pandora is worth billion? I've been suggesting bad music to people for years for FREE!"
How will Pandora's IPO affect listeners like you?
HuffPost's Alex Wagner explains:
As Pandora’s IPO sends Wall Street spinning, the hefty infusion of cash will position the company to deliver a better experience to its estimated 34 million active users (and counting -- the company estimates a new user is added every second).
For Pandora, innovation must come quickly: With cloud-based music services on offer from Google and Amazon and Apple’s iCloud to be released soon, Pandora’s personalized radio service faces certain competition from virtual music libraries that allow consumers to create their own, customized playlists -- without the ads that make up nearly 90 percent of Pandora’s revenue.
"We didn't put any particular timeframe in terms of our financial progress," said Pandora CEO Joe Kennedy when asked about his company's profitability targets. Pressed to predict whether Pandora will be profitable in five years' time, Kennedy answered, "We're not putting any timeframe on any of the financial milestones."
He deflected reporters' persistent questions about profitability by emphasizing that the company is focused on "redefining radio" and the "longterm opportunity" to grow its share of radio listeners.
"With all due respect, Joe, it sounds like you're asking investors to, sort of, 'Trust me, I'll make it happen,'" said a CNBC reporter (around 13 minutes in). "On what basis are you asking ivnestors to invest in you ?""It's a little sort of 90s isn't it Joe?" she added
Here's a look at who'll be making a mint off of Pandora--hint: it's not Pandora's founder.
"Investors shouldn't chase the shares if its stock-market debut is as strong as expected," The Wall Street Journal's Rolfe Winkler wrote this morning.
Winkler noted that even as Pandora adds more users and revenue, its losses continue to grow because of long-term structural problems. While about 20 percent of traditional radio is devoted to advertising, for example, only about one percent of Pandora's listener time is devoted to advertising. Moreover, since the ads repeat themselves, it appears that many businesses do not view Pandora as a very effective venue for relaying their message.
In short, the price of royalties that Pandora must pay for streaming more music to more users has been far outpacing advertising revenue per user, according to Winkler.
"This IPO looks like one to tune out," Winkler concluded.
So how much is Pandora actually worth? Former hedge-fund manager Andy Kessler likes to use what he calls a 10 times rule. "If a company is worth billion," he wrote in the Wall Street Journal, "can they someday, any day, make billion in profits in one year? If so, maybe it's worth holding on to." If you bought Pandora's stock after its first hour of trading today, you paid at least a share at a .2 billion valuation. That means, according to Kessler's rule, you're banking on the Internet radio service netting at least 0 million in annual profits somewhere down the line.
Pandora is yet to turn a profit, and has posted cumulative net losses of .7 million in the three prior fiscal years. In its SEC filing, the company said it expects to incur operating losses on an annual basis through at least the end of fiscal 2012. As New York Times reporter Evelyn M. Rusli notes, "Popular yet unprofitable has become the common refrain on Wall Street, as more and more young Internet companies race to the public markets."
via AP: "Joe Kennedy, third from left, CEO & President, and Tim Westergren, fourth from left, Chief Strategy Officer & Founder, of Pandora internet radio, ring the NYSE opening bell to celebrate their company's IPO at the New York Stock Exchange Wednesday, June 15, 2011." (AP Photo/Richard Drew)
Losses, fees, listeners and more: We've put together a guide to all the key Pandora stats.
million: Revenue in the first quarter of 2011, up 131% from the same period last year.
.8 million: Losses in the first quarter of 2011, up 126 percent from million in the same period of 2010. Pandora is also 92 million dollars in debt, 46 million of which are from the last three years alone.
58: Percentage of revenue needed to pay for music royalty fees.
37 to 57: Percent that royalty fees are expected to rise in the next four years. Price per song is currently 0.102 cents--by 2015, it could be 0.14 cents.
Part of the reason analysts expect Pandora's stock price to climb so quickly is the company is offering a fairly small amount of shares relative to the high-profile nature of the company, Renaissance Capital analyst Nick Einhorn told Bloomberg yesterday.
"There will be a lot of demand and because there is a limited supply of shares it can easily push the trading price higher in early trading," Einhorn explained.
LinkedIn's stock price, which more than doubled in its first day of trading, had a similar combination of investor excitement and a small number of shares offered. But investors beware: LinkedIn shares closed at .34 yesterday, a 19 percent drop from where they finished on the first day of trading in May.
There has been a negative critical reception on Twitter to a CNBC interview with Pandora chief executive Joe Kennedy.
Although a transcript of the interview is not yet available, by several Tweeters' accounts, Kennedy said that Pandora is trying to reinvent radio, but it does not yet have a plan or timeline for becoming profitable.
Omari Worthy, an investment executive in Atlanta, tweeted the following after noting that Pandora has been open ten years and still is not profitable: "The Pandora CEO is on CNBC, he can't give profit targets, they not profitable, reporter like, why should any investor invest in ur company?"
Worthy added, "He responding like...uuuhhhhhhh, we have 3% of the market and 0% internationally, #ThatMeansNothing"
-- Bonnie Kavoussi
Trading of Pandora shares has started and already, the company is up, up, up: the Wall Street Journal reports "shares of Pandora are trading at better than 55% higher than their IPO price of a share."
According to CNN Money, trading opened at per share and has already hit per share.
Pandora posted a statement Wednesday morning noting that the company would price its initial public offering on June 15th.
The initial stock price will be a share, which the AP notes is "twice as much as the popular but unprofitable Internet radio service expected less than two weeks ago" and raises the company's market value to around . 6 billion.From Pandora's press release:
[...] 14.7 million shares of common stock at a price to the public of .00 per share. A total of approximately 6.0 million shares are being offered by Pandora, and a total of approximately 8.7 million shares are being offered by selling stockholders. In addition, Pandora has granted the underwriters a 30-day option to purchase up to approximately an additional 2.2 million shares to cover over-allotments, if any. Pandora will not receive any proceeds from the sale of shares by the selling stockholders.
When Pandora debuts on the NYSE, it will do so with a single-letter ticker symbol: P.
TechCrunch writes, "By doing so, it becomes the first Silicon Valley consumer Internet company to join the exclusive one-letter stock ticker symbol club."
Pandora is popular--but has yet to turn a profit. See our analysis of the challenges Pandora faces as it goes public here.