El Hierro To Become World's First Renewable Energy Island
The small island of El Hierro – iron in Spanish – is located in the Canary Islands 1,500 miles off the coast of Spain. Aside from being a main tourist attraction, El Hierro will also reportedly soon become the world’s first island to run off of 100 percent renewable energy.
The renewable energy consists of an 11.5 MW wind farm and 11.3 MW hydroelectric plant that will generate around 80 percent of the island’s needs, with the remaining 20 percent produced via solar thermal collectors and grid-connected photovoltaics. Producing local energy reportedly will offset 18,200 tons of CO2 alone due to cutting out oil transport to this remote location.
The project will utilize ABB‘s power and automation solution, which will electrify and control the hydroelectric plants and integrate the power generated from the wind and hydropower turbines to the standard island grid. ABB’s process, the company said, will “maintain stable plant frequency and voltage by sharing active and reactive power demand in the generators and tie-lines,” which allows the plants to continue operating despite large margins in power fluctuation. The entire renewable energy grid will also be controlled by an ABB distributed control system, which will monitor the four hydropower turbines, pumped storage process, the interconnection substation and communicate with the new wind farm.
By communicating with the wind farm, ABB said, its control solution “will automatically start releasing water from the upper reservoir to generate power at the hydroelectric plant whenever the wind power generated is insufficient to meet demand. Conversely, excess wind power will be used to pump water to the upper reservoir, for use when wind power is low.”
Plans call for this ambitious project to be completed by the end of this year. It will cost $87 million and reportedly provide electricity for the island’s entire 11,000 inhabitants.