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Making Robots Human: National Geographic Probes Robots That Act, Look Like Us (PHOTOS)

The Huffington Post     First Posted: 07/29/11 10:05 AM ET   Updated: 09/28/11 06:12 AM ET

In the August issue of National Geographic, writer Chris Carroll examines Actroid androids, a "child-robot" and other "humanoid robots" that closely resemble humans. These advanced android robots not only possess human-like physical characteristics, but also eerily realistic attitudes and social mannerisms.

As Carroll's articles states:

"In five or ten years robots will routinely be functioning in human environments," says Reid Simmons, a professor of robotics at Carnegie Mellon.

Such a prospect leads to a cascade of questions. How much everyday human function do we want to outsource to machines? What should they look like? Do we want androids like Yume puttering about in our kitchens, or would a mechanical arm tethered to the backsplash do the job better, without creeping us out? How will the robot revolution change the way we relate to each other? A cuddly robotic baby seal developed in Japan to amuse seniors in eldercare centers has drawn charges that it could cut them off from other people. Similar fears have been voiced about future babysitting robots. And of course there are the halting attempts to create ever willing romantic androids. Last year a New Jersey company introduced a talking, touch-sensitive robot "companion," raising the possibility of another kind of human disconnect.

In short: Are we ready for them? Are they ready for us?

Read the full article by Chris Carroll, with photographs by Max Aguilera-Hellweg, in the August 2011 issue of National Geographic, available on newsstands on July 26.

See the incredible full gallery by National Geographic's Max Aguilera-Hellweg here.

View images from Aguilera-Hellweg's gallery below. All photos and captions are shown courtesy of National Geographic.

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Roboticist Hiroshi Ishiguro of Osaka University built his own mechanical twin to see how humans react to extraordinarily lifelike machines.
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