Just as the post-World War II haze started to settle, Germany began erecting the Berlin Wall, a barrier which divided both the city and, ideologically, the entire nation for nearly 30 years on Aug. 13, 1961.
In honor of the event's 50th anniversary, LIFE.com is taking a look back at a divided Germany, courtesy of photographer Paul Schutzer. Schutzer's haunting images provide a glimpse into the wall's impact on the everyday lives of German citizens.
You can view Schutzer's full gallery here.
Take a look at a sample of Schutzer's shots below. All photos and captions are courtesy of LIFE.com.