Bernard Orinda Ndege, 54, lives outside the Kenyan town of Kisumu, on a small patch of land at the edge of Lake Victoria. He moved there over three years ago, after violence resulting from the December 2007 elections overtook his home in Naivasha, in the Rift Valley. The comparison is unfavorable: he knows few people in Kisumu, and hippopotami routinely squat on his land, which is less fertile than his old farm. But these are minor hardships compared to what prompted the move. At the height of the violence in the valley, in late January 2008, thugs burned down his home and killed his eight children and two wives, one of whom had been due to give birth any day.