By CHRISTOPHER GILLETTE and KIM GAMEL, Associated Press
SIRTE, Libya -- Moammar Gadhafi, who ruled Libya with a dictatorial grip for 42 years until he was ousted by his own people in an uprising that turned into a bloody civil war, was killed Thursday by revolutionary fighters overwhelming his hometown, Sirte, the last major bastion of resistance two months after his regime fell.
The 69-year-old Gadhafi is the first leader to be killed in the Arab Spring wave of popular uprisings that swept the Middle East, demanding the end of autocratic rulers and the establishment of greater democracy.
"We have been waiting for this moment for a long time. Moammar Gadhafi has been killed," Prime Minister Mahmoud Jibril told a news conference in the capital Tripoli.
Below, see photos from the early stages of unrest in Libya to the reported death of Muammar Gaddafi:
A Libyan prisoner, left, is hugged by his relatives after he was released with a group of 110 prisoners from Abu Salim, Libya's most notorious prison, in Tripoli, Libya, Wednesday, Feb. 16, 2011. Inspired by the unrest in Egypt, residents of Libya's second largest city Benghazi started protesting against the regime of long-time leader Muammar Gaddafi in February 2011. In an attempt to calm the protests, Gaddafi's government released 110 prisoners and offered to double government employees' wages. Yet protests spread to other cities and intense fighting erupted between Gaddafi loyalists and rebel fighters.
The UN Security Council unanimously ordered an arms embargo against Libya, a travel and assets ban on Muammar Gaddafi's regime, and a crimes against humanity investigation into the bloodshed. By the end of February, the UN said more than 1,000 people had already been killed in the unrest.
Hungarian minister of National Development Tamas Fellegi speaks on the situation in Libya on February 28, 2011, at the EU Headquarters in Brussels. The European Union slapped an asset freeze and travel ban on Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi and 25 members of his family and inner circle.
A young Libyan girl throws a copy of a book authored by Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi into a fire on March 2, 2011, in the north central town of Benghazi. Benghazi was 'liberated' from Gaddafi's rule in the beginning of March, yet the Colonel warned the West against intervening to support the rebellion against him, saying that would unleash a 'very bloody war' in which 'thousands of Libyans would die.'
Former justice minister Mustafa Abdel Jalil, one of the first high-profile Libyans to defect from Gaddafi's four-decade regime when the uprising began more than two weeks before, gave a press conference on March 5, 2011, in the eastern city of Benghazi, after being appointed chairman of the 30-member National Transitional Council body. Rebels set up local councils in cities they control in the east, while Gaddafi maintained control of Tripoli.
Meanwhile, foreign workers desperately tried to leave the violence-stricken country. In this photo, Bangladeshi men who had recently crossed into Tunisia from Libya demand to go home at a United Nations displacement camp in Ras Jdir, Tunisia. Tens of thousands of guest workers from Egypt, Tunisia, Bangladesh and other countries were fleeing to the border of Tunisia to escape the violence. The situation turned into a humanitarian emergency as Tunisia became overwhelmed with the workers.
Libyan rebels celebrated in Benghazi as the United Nations Security Council approved a resolution to impose a no-fly zone over Libya.
Smoke billows after a Libyan jet bomber crashed after being shot down in Benghazi on March 19, 2011. Supported by a number of Arab nations, a coalition of NATO countries started bombing strategic Gaddafi targets a day earlier.
Libyan rebel fighters carry a comrade wounded during an effort to dislodge government loyalist troops firing on them from a building (background) during house-to-house fighting on a Tripoli Street in downtown Misrata. Fighting between revolutionary forces and troops loyal to Gaddafi continued in several Libyan cities throughout the spring.
Thousands of Libyans celebrate in rebel-held Misrata's Freedom Square after receiving the news of an arrest warrant issued against Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi by the International Criminal Court on June 27, 2011.
A Libyan rebel celebrates inside the captured military base, 'Kilometre 27,' for soldiers loyal to Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, 16 kilometers west of the centre of Tripoli. Rebels launched an offensive against the Libyan capital, supported by NATO fighter planes. Gaddafi delivered an audio message in which he called the rebels "rats," but revolutionary forces faced little resistance when they entered Tripoli.
Rebels capture Muammar Gaddafi's complex in Tripoli, Bab Al Aziziya. The sculpture inside Bab Al Aziziya depicts a fist crushing a jet fighter in the grounds of Gaddafi's former residence after it was bombed in 1986 by U.S. aircraft.
After initial reports of his arrest, Saif Al Islam, Gaddafi's son, appears in front of supporters and journalists in the Libyan capital Tripoli.
Some 30 mostly foreign journalist had been held at the Rixos Hotel in Tripoli by Gaddafi loyalists. They were freed on August 24 as the siege of Tripoli came to an end.
Gaddafi's wife, daughter and two sons cross the Libyan border into Algeria. Gaddafi's daughter Aisha gave birth a few hours after arriving in Algeria.
France's president Nicolas Sarkozy hosts an international conference on the post-Gaddafi era in Paris. Gaddafi releases an audio message that same day, urging loyalists to keep fighting.
Mustafa Abdul Jalil, Chairman of the Libyan Transitional Council, enjoyed a hero's welcome as he gave his first speech in Tripoli. In front of thousands of supporters, he declares Islam would be the main source of legislation in the new Libya.
British Prime Minister David Cameron and French President Nicolas Sarkozy were the first foreign leaders to visit post-Gaddafi Libya. Sarkozy is considered to have spearheaded the NATO campaign in Libya.
Fighters loyal to Libya's new leaders fire artillery during clashes with pro-Gaddafi forces in the city of Bani Walid, southeast of Tripoli, as National Transitional Council forces thrust deep into the desert oasis town, one of fugitive Gaddafi's few remaining bastions. The UN Security Council decided to ease sanctions on Libya mid-September and approved a request to recognize Libya's National Transitional Council as the sole representative of the country at the United Nations.
Libyan National Transitional Council fighters drive a tank at an outpost on the outskirts of the city of Bani Walid on September 21, 2011. Libya's interim government announced it had captured most of Sabha. Gaddafi loyalists remain in control of Gaddafi's birthplace Sirte and the town of Bani Walid.
Smoke rises from the center of the Libyan coastal city of Sirte on October 13, 2011, as Libya's new regime fighters retreated under heavy fire from loyalist troops in Muammar Gaddafi's hometown. Although Bani Walid remains in the hands of Gaddafi loyalists, the National Transitional Council declared they will consider all of Libya liberated if Sirte is captured.
This image made available by the Al Jazeera television channel claims to show former Libyan leader Muammer Gaddafi after he was killed at an undisclosed location in Libya, Thursday, Oct. 20, 2011. Libya's information minister said Gaddafi was killed Thursday when revolutionary forces overwhelmed his hometown, Sirte, the last major bastion of resistance two months after the regime fell. (AP Photo/Al Jazeera)
Footage aired on Al-Jazeera television showed Gadhafi was captured wounded but alive in Sirte. The goateed, balding Gadhafi, in a bloodsoaked shirt and his face bloodied, is seen standing upright being pushed along by fighters, and he appears to struggle against them, stumbling and shouting. The fighters push him onto the hood of a pickup truck, before dragging him away, apparently toward an ambulance.
Later footage showed fighters rolling Gadhafi's body over on the pavement, stripped to the waist and his head bloody.
His death decisively ends a regime that had turned Libya into an international pariah and ran the oil-rich nation by the whims and brutality of its notoriously eccentric leader. Libya now enters a new era, but its turmoil may not be over. The former rebels who now rule are disorganized, face rebuilding a country stripped of institutions, and have already shown signs of infighting, with divisions between geographical areas and Islamist and more secular ideologies.
There were conflicting reports over the circumstance of Gadhafi's last hours.
But most accounts agreed Gadhafi had been barricaded in with his heavily armed loyalists in the last few buildings they held in his Mediterranean coastal hometown of Sirte, furiously battling with revolutionary fighters closing in on them Thursday. At one point, a convoy tried to flee the area and was blasted by NATO airstrikes, but Jibril specified Gadhafi was not killed by the strike.
Abdel-Jalil Abdel-Aziz, a doctor who was part of the medical team that accompanied the body in the ambulance and examined it, said Gadhafi died from two bullet wounds, to the head and chest.
"You can't imagine my happiness today. I can't describe my happiness," he told The Associated Press. "The tyranny is gone. Now the Libyan people can rest."
The body was then paraded through the streets of the nearby city of Misrata on top of a vehicle surrounded by a large crowd chanting, "The blood of the martyrs will not go in vain," according to footage aired on Al-Arabiya television. The fighters who killed Gadhafi are believed to have come from Misrata, a city that suffered a brutal weeks-long siege by Gadhafi's forces during the eight-month long civil war.
Celebratory gunfire and cries of "God is Great" rang out across the capital Tripoli. Cars honked their horns and people hugged each other. In Sirte, the ecstatic former rebels celebrated the city's fall after weeks of bloody siege by firing endless rounds into the sky, pumping their guns, knives and even a meat cleaver in the air and singing the national anthem.
Libya's new leaders had said they would declare the country's "liberation" after the fall of Sirte.
The death of Gadhafi adds greater solidity to that declaration.
It rules out a scenario that some had feared – that he might flee deeper into Libya's southern deserts and lead a resistance campaign against Libya's rulers. There were reports that one of Gadhafi's sons, Muatassim, was captured in Misrata on Thursday. The fate of another of his sons, Seif al-Islam, as well as some top figures of his regime remains unknown, but their ability to rally loyalists would be deeply undermined with Gadhafi's loss.
Sirte's fall caps weeks of heavy, street-by-street battles as revolutionary fighters besieged the city. Despite the fall of Tripoli on Aug. 21, Gadhafi loyalists mounted fierce resistance in several areas, including Sirte, preventing Libya's new leaders from declaring full victory in the eight-month civil war. Earlier this week, revolutionary fighters gained control of one stronghold, Bani Walid.
By Tuesday, fighters said they had squeezed Gadhafi's forces in Sirte into a residential area of about 700 square yards but were still coming under heavy fire from surrounding buildings.
In an illustration of how heavy the fighting has been, it took the anti-Gadhafi fighters two days to capture a single residential building.
Reporters watched as the final assault began around 8 a.m. Thursday and ended about 90 minutes later. Just before the battle, about five carloads of Gadhafi loyalists tried to flee the enclave down the coastal highway that leads out of the city. But they were met by gunfire from the revolutionaries, who killed at least 20 of them.
Col. Roland Lavoie, spokesman for NATO's operational headquarters in Naples, Italy, said the alliance's aircraft Thursday morning struck two vehicles of pro-Gadhafi forces "which were part of a larger group maneuvering in the vicinity of Sirte."
The Misrata Military Council, one of the command groups, said its fighters captured Gadhafi.
One fighter who said he was at the battle told AP Television News that the final fight took place at an opulent compound for visiting dignitaries built by Gadhafi's regime. Adel Busamir said the convoy tried to break out but after being hit it turned back and re-entered the compound. Several hundred fighters assaulted.
"We found him there," Busamir said. "We saw them beating him (Gadhafi) and someone shot him with a 9mm pistol ... then they took him away."
Military spokesman Col. Ahmed Bani in Tripoli told Al-Jazeera TV that a wounded Gadhafi "tried to resist (revolutionary forces) so they took him down."
"I reassure everyone that this story has ended and this book has closed," he said.
After the battle, revolutionaries began searching homes and buildings looking for any hiding Gadhafi fighters. At least 16 were captured, along with cases of ammunition and trucks loaded with weapons. Reporters saw revolutionaries beating captured Gadhafi men in the back of trucks and officers intervening to stop them.
In the central quarter where Thursday's final battle took place, the fighters looking like the same ragtag force that started the uprising eight months ago jumped up and down with joy and flashed V-for-victory signs. Some burned the green Gadhafi flag, then stepped on it with their boots.
They chanted "God is great" while one fighter climbed a traffic light pole to unfurl the revolution's flag, which he first kissed. Discarded military uniforms of Gadhafi's fighters littered the streets. One revolutionary fighter waved a silver trophy in the air while another held up a box of firecrackers, then set them off.
"Our forces control the last neighborhood in Sirte," Hassan Draoua, a member of Libya's interim National Transitional Council, told The Associated Press in Tripoli. "The city has been liberated."
___Associated Press Writer Kim Gamel in Tripoli contributed to this report.