Florida Primary 2012: Majority-Latino Audience Met GOP Front-Runners In Univision Forum
In what was being billed as "the first major Hispanic event in the 2012 election," Univision anchor Jorge Ramos held separate one-on-one discussions Wednesday with Newt Gingrich and Mitt Romney in front of a live audience.
It's the first time during the primary campaign that the Republican candidates are addressing questions about the issues, at length, before a primarily Latino audience.
"Historically, I think, the Hispanic vote and Hispanic voters have not received, in my opinion, the same level of targeted specific attention and communication from Republican candidates that, perhaps, other segments of the population have," United States Hispanic Chamber of Commerce President and CEO Javier Palomarez told The Huffington Post. "So, for us, this is historic."
The event is also a nod to the importance of Univision which, as the channel with the largest audience of the Spanish-language networks, presents a key tool for reaching out to the nation's Latinos
Univision had scheduled a candidate debate for Jan. 29, two days before the Florida primary. But after the Miami Herald reported that the network tried to "strong-arm" Sen. Marco Rubio with a critical report about his brother-in-law, almost all of the Republican candidates passed.
Palomarez of the USHCC said his organization had always favored a forum over a debate format for the event.
The group was "less interested in the candidates talking to themselves and the candidates debating themselves," he said. "We've seen that already. Several times. So we were less interested in them having a dialogue and trying to one-up each other on stage. We were more interested in an unfettered straight dialogue with us about the issues that matter to us."
It's also important to the candidates. As they campaigned through Iowa, New Hampshire and South Carolina, their harsh and heated anti-immigrant rhetoric alienated many Latinos across the country.
Most have taken hard-line stands on immigration and against giving paths to citizenship to undocumented immigrants or their children. Romney has vowed to veto the Dream Act, if elected. Gingrich, on the other hand, advocates a path to legality -- although not necessarily citizenship -- for longtime undocumented immigrants.
Florida, however, is the first state in the primary race with a significantly large Latino population, including 11 percent of the registered Republican voters -- enough to sway a close election. Romney and Gingrich both have begun advertising heavily in Spanish in the state, and Gingrich's ads accuse Romney of being "anti-immigrant."
Yet the event almost didn't happen.
The fact that it did shows how seriously the front-runners are taking Florida's Latino vote.
"We think it's important to converse with Hispanic voters, not just in Florida, but across the nation," Gingrich's Florida campaign director Jose Mallea told The Huffington Post.
The "Meet the Candidates" event -- two separate sessions, in two separate locations, with two separate audiences, and with the candidates never crossing paths -- came about after lengthy on-again, off-again discussions.
As the sponsors struggled to pull the event together, Steve Clemons, blogging on The Huffington Post on Friday, reported that Romney still had not agreed to participate. According to a spokeswoman for the USHCC, one of the event's co-sponsors, Ron Paul declined to participate from the start.
On Monday, a press release went out saying sessions were scheduled with Gingrich, Romney, and Rick Santorum.
On Tuesday, however, Santorum dropped out. The candidate's national communications director Hogan Gidley told The Huffington Post the cancellation was due to miscommunication and a scheduling conflict.
Whether it's as a result of the advertising, a boost from Gingrich's South Carolina win, or a lift resulting from two particularly strong debate performances before last Saturday's primary, Gingrich is climbing fast in the polls. He's gone from trailing Romney by 11 points, to a 6 point lead in the latest Quinnipiac University Polling Institute survey.
LATINOS IN 2011:
<blockquote><strong>43% </strong>is the percentage increase in the Hispanic population between April 1, 2000, and April 1, 2010, making Hispanics the fastest-growing minority group. Source for all statistics: <a href="http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/briefs/c2010br-04.pdf" target="_hplink">United States Census</a> </blockquote>
<blockquote><strong> 50.5 million</strong> is the size of the Hispanic population of the United States as of April 1, 2010, making people of Hispanic origin the nation's largest ethnic or race minority. Hispanics constituted 16.3 percent of the nation's total population. In addition, there are 3.7 million residents of Puerto Rico, a U.S. territory. </blockquote>
<blockquote><strong>132.8 million</strong> is the projected size of the Hispanic population of the United States on July 1, 2050. According to this projection, Hispanics will constitute 30 percent of the nation's population by that date. </blockquote>
<blockquote><strong>2nd</strong> is the ranking of the size of the U.S. Hispanic population worldwide, as of 2010. Only Mexico (112 million) had a larger Hispanic population than the United States (50.5 million). </blockquote>
<blockquote><strong>14 million </strong>is the size of the population of the Hispanic-origin population that lived in California in 2010, up from 11 million in 2000. </blockquote>
<blockquote><strong>96%</strong> is the percentage of the population of Webb County, Texas, that was Hispanic as of 2010. This is the highest proportion of any county in the country.</blockquote>
<blockquote> <strong>82</strong> is the number of the nation's 3,143 counties that were majority-Hispanic.</blockquote>
<blockquote>10.4 million is the number of Hispanic family households in the United States in 2010.</blockquote>
<blockquote><strong>35 million</strong> is the number of U.S. residents 5 and older who spoke Spanish at home in 2009. Those who <em>hablan español</em> constituted 12 percent of U.S. residents. More than half of these Spanish speakers spoke English "very well." </blockquote>
<blockquote><strong>26.6%</strong> is the poverty rate among Hispanics in 2010, up from 25.3 percent in 2009, and 23.2 percent in 2008.</blockquote>
<blockquote> <strong>14%</strong> the percentage of the Hispanic population 25 and older with a bachelor's degree or higher in 2010.</blockquote>
<blockquote><strong>47%</strong> is the percent of the foreign-born population that was Hispanic in 2009.</blockquote>
<blockquote><strong> 9.7 million </strong>is the number of Hispanic citizens who reported voting in the 2008 presidential election, about 2 million more than voted in 2004. The percentage of Hispanic citizens voting went from 47 percent in 2004 to 50 percent in 2008. </blockquote>
<blockquote><strong>1.1 million</strong> is the number of Hispanics or Latinos 18 and older who are veterans of the U.S. armed forces.</blockquote>