One year after the tsunami and earthquake that devastated the northeast coast of Japan and left thousands of people dead, Robert Michael Poole and photographer Benjamin Parks traveled to Ishinomaki, one of the worst-hit towns, to ask survivors how the recovery is progressing, about the government's response to the disaster, and how the people are coping.
Survivor: Mikuni Fumitaka
A year after the tsunami, retired 68-year-old Mikuni Fumitaka has lost none of his sprightliness. In fact, like many elderly locals, he can be found in the thick of the rebuilding effort. We found him chopping wood for a reconstructed bathhouse with all the vigor of a man half his age.
Next to his workshop stood one of many homes destroyed by water. Its first two floors were hollow and in decay, but its attic remained intact aside from mushrooms now growing on its floor -- a symbol of both the speed in which nature is reclaiming much of the land, and of new life, which Mr Fumitaka is energetically embracing.
Where were you when the tsunami struck?
Fumitaka: I was in my home, which is about twenty kilometers [about 12 miles] away from the center of Ishinomaki.
How did you survive?
The first thing for survival was the stove because there was no water or electricity. I had a stove, so I felt lucky, but I had to fix it first.
There was no power for the fridge, but that didn't matter, because it was winter. I had some food in there like miso soup. There was no water, but there are many wells in this area. For us older people, we couldn't lift the water -- I'm pretty powerful but the well was ten meters deep. If two people lifted the water it was OK.
I experienced the 1960 Great Chilean Earthquake when I was in high school. The tsunami wave was about thirty meters high. So I kind of knew what to expect. We couldn't understand what was happening because we didn't have TV -- because there was no electricity -- but we could use the car radio.
If we had seen the tsunami footage on TV, we might have gone crazy watching it. But in this case, because there was no TV, we could feel more calm.
What is your hope for the future?
My friends and relatives died in the tsunami, so I don't want to forget them.
Is the government doing enough?
They're not helping enough, and they're charging high taxes, plus the problem with the power plant in Fukushima has become more important now, so they're focusing on that instead of us.
What can we learn from this disaster?
The most important thing is the connections and bonds between people.
How are the elderly coping?
Older people are very calm and mature, because they had similar experiences when they were younger -- the Second World War, burned fields, and earthquakes -- compared to young people they are more experienced and are coping well.
About the co-author and photographer:
Robert Michael Poole is a Tokyo-based writer, editor and entrepreneur whose work has been published by Newsweek, Wall Street Journal, CNN and Associated Press. He focuses primarily on the Asian entertainment scene, as well as lifestyle, travel and international issues affecting the region.
Benjamin Parks is a Canadian photographer based in Tokyo. He specializes in editorial and corporate portraits as well as product photography and videography. Some of his clients include Eurobiz, Metropolis, In Style, Columbia Law School and Bluetooth Signature magazines, as well as Ferrari, DHL and United Colors of Benetton.
More Ishinomaki Survivors Speak:
Age: 76 years old Profession: Clothing shop manager On the Government Response: There wasn't enough planning by the government, but that couldn't be helped, I guess. On What Was Learned: The most important thing is knowing how to get to a high place. Also, not believing such a big tsunami could happen is dangerous - I mean, underestimating the power of nature. On How The Elderly Are Coping: It's been difficult for older people because of the cold, and also because climbing the stairs and other basic things can be tough for them.
Age: 32 years old and 6 years old Profession: Part-time worker/single mother and son On Hope: I just want success for my son, and to be healthy. On What Was Learned: If people come together, regardless of where they are from, they can have a better life.
Age: 54 years old Profession: Music shop worker and piano teacher On Survival: About 15 to 20 of my relatives stayed in my home for two weeks. It's a 7-bedroom house, so it was OK. There was no electricity, water or gasoline for two weeks, but then we got some water from the well. My husband died of shock. I broke a bone in my chest while driving during the tsunami, and was hospitalized. I couldn't move, and my relatives came to help clean up. Nature is strong, but we can feel the warmth of the people, their kindness helps us survive. On Hope: I hope that the city revives, and that young people help in the process. We must all stay positive. On What Was Learned: We should always be prepared for earthquakes, and make ourself stronger - emotionally. Disasters can happen anytime.
Age: 17 years old Profession: Student Where I Was: I was at home, and the water only came into my home once. On Hope: Everyone just wants things to go back to how they were, that's enough, we want to smile with other people like before, and go forward with our lives. On What Was Learned: We must prepare for disasters, and work hard in honor of the dead. Also, preparation for an evacuation route should have been done beforehand.
Age: 68 years old Profession: Retired On Survival: I had a stove, so I felt lucky, but I had to fix it first. Of course, there was no water or electricity. The first thing for survival was the stove, then food - miso soup and food from the fridge. There was no electricity to power the fridge, but that didn't matter, because it was winter. There was no water, but I got some from a well. I'm pretty powerful - the well was ten meters deep, but I could get water. There are many wells in this area, but older people couldn't lift the water, if two people lifted the water it was OK. CLICK HERE TO READ HIS WHOLE STORY.
Age: 75 years old Profession: Flower shop worker Where I Was: When the tsunami happened, I was on the mountain. On The Effect On The City: There are many people who passed away, and the houses have become wreckage. Now we see few people on the street. On The Government Response: They are considering a tax and assistance grant. That's all. CLICK HERE TO READ MORI'S STORY.
Age: 75 years old Profession: Sake store owner Where I Was: I was in my home, and when the tsunami came I rushed to the sixth floor of my house. It was OK because the water only came up to the second level. How I Survived: I got help from the community center, and electricity and water, after three days. There wasn't any water or electricity here, but the community center had some. CLICK HERE TO READ TOSHINOBU'S STORY.
Age: 65 years old Profession: Art gallery/cafe owner When The Tsunami Hit: My daughter died. She had bought a new home, but when the tsunami came, suddenly it fell apart, and she was pulled into a whirlpool of water and washed away. CLICK HERE TO READ YORIKO'S STORY.
Age: 70 years old Profession: Taxi driver On Hope: Maybe in two years I will have to stop [working], because I'm getting older - I'm 70 years old, and just want to be healthy. On The Government Response: They reacted too late. On What Was Learned: Many people have helped - volunteers from abroad, the Japanese military, and many others. We all have to work together. CLICK HERE TO READ YUICHI'S STORY.
Age: 23 Profession: Hairdresser On Hope: My hope is to rebuild the town, so I'm doing what I can, and painting murals. On the Government Response: The government's help is not enough, but I guess that can't be helped, and now there's the nuclear problem to worry about, too. CLICK HERE TO READ MORE ABOUT YUKI. CLICK HERE TO READ MORE ABOUT YUKI
Age: 87 years old Profession: Retired On Survival: There was no food and no water, so for two days we only ate tofu. We shared it and ate it with our hands. For two months there was no elecricity, and no water either, because the water system had broken, but finally we got some water from the school's pool. On How The Elderly Are Coping: At first people were trying their best, but then they got depressed because so many people had died.