KABUL, Afghanistan — Afghanistan's president has warned that civilian casualties caused by NATO airstrikes could undermine the cooperation agreement he just signed with the U.S. He talked to families of the latest victims Tuesday.
Also Tuesday, Taliban attacks in three provinces killed 12 Afghans – seven police, four Education Ministry employees and a bodyguard.
The Taliban kill more civilians than foreign forces, but the deaths of citizens caught in the crossfire of the decade-long war continue to be an irritant in President Hamid Karzai's relationship with his international partners. Any NATO airstrike that leads to civilian deaths also erodes the Afghan people's trust in foreign forces.
"If the lives of Afghan people are not safe, the signing of the strategic partnership has no meaning," Karzai's office said in a statement released Monday evening.
The long-term strategic partnership, which Karzai and President Barack Obama signed earlier this month, governs the relationship between the two countries from the end of 2014 until 2024.
According to Afghan officials, 18 civilians have died in four airstrikes since Thursday in Logar, Kapisa, Badghis and Helmand provinces.
"The families of the recent victims asked Karzai to tell the foreign troops to stop the bombardment of houses and the killing of civilians," the statement said.
Last year was the deadliest on record for civilians in the Afghan war, with 3,021 killed as insurgents ratcheted up violence with suicide attacks and roadside bombs, the United Nations said in its latest report on civilian deaths.
The U.N. attributed 77 percent of the deaths to insurgent attacks and 14 percent to actions by international and Afghan troops. Nine percent of cases were classified as having an unknown cause.
While the total number of civilian deaths caused by international and Afghan forces dropped, the number of civilians killed by airstrikes targeting insurgents rose to 187 in 2011, accounting for nearly half the deaths attributed to forces supporting the government.
Lt. Col. Jimmie Cummings, a spokesman for the U.S.-led NATO coalition, said the recent airstrikes were under investigation and that if NATO forces were to blame, U.S. Marine Gen. John Allen, the top commander of American and NATO forces in Afghanistan, would "take personal responsibility" for the incidents.
"We have committed to fully investigating the exact circumstances surrounding these events and reporting back to President Karzai," Cummings said. "The coalition will continue to take any and all appropriate actions to minimize the likelihood of this happening again. This coalition is here to build a safe and secure environment for the Afghan people. ... and we take any allegations of civilian causalities very seriously."
In other violence, four Education Ministry employees and a bodyguard were shot and killed by Taliban militants in eastern Paktika province. Khorshid Aman, the chief of Urgun district, said the group was traveling from the district to the provincial capital of Sharan when the militants ambushed their two vehicles.
Five police officers were killed when their vehicle hit a roadside mine in Pusht Rod district of Farah province in western Afghanistan, said Ghulam Gawas Malayar, deputy provincial police chief.
Din Mohammad Darwesh, a spokesman for the governor of Logar province in the east, said two other police officers were killed when Taliban militants ambushed them in a bazaar near the provincial capital of Pul-e-Alam.
Associated Press writer Deb Riechmann in Kabul contributed to this report.
<em>American soldiers hide behind a barricade during an explosion, prior to fighting with Taliban forces November 26, 2001 at the fortress near Mazar-e-Sharif, northern Afghanistan. (Photo by Oleg Nikishin/Getty Images)</em>
<em>US Marines with the 26th Marine Expeditionary Unit deployed from the USS Bataan's Amphibious Ready Group arrive December 14, 2001 at an undisclosed location with field gear and weapons. (Photo by Johnny Bivera/Getty Images)</em>
<em>U.S. Marines begin to form up their convoy at a staging area near Kandahar, Afghanistan, as they await orders to begin their trek to Kandahar to take control of the airfield 13 December, 2001. (DAVE MARTIN/AFP/Getty Images)</em><br><br> Number of U.S. troops in Afghanistan at the war's peak: About 101,000 in 2010. Allies provided about 40,000.
<em>U.S. President Barack Obama delivers a televised address from the East Room of the White House on June 22, 2011 in Washington, D.C. (Pablo Martinez Monsivais-Pool/Getty Images)</em><br><br> Withdrawal plans: 23,000 U.S. troops expected to come home by the end of the summer, leaving about 68,000 in Afghanistan. Most U.S. troops expected to be out of Afghanistan by the end of 2014, though the U.S. is expected to maintain a sizeable force of military trainers and a civilian diplomatic corps.
<em>American flags, each one representing the 4,454 American soldiers killed in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, move in the breeze at The Christ Congregational United Church March 17, 2008 in Miami, Florida. (Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images)</em><br><br> Number of U.S. casualties: At least 1,828 members of the U.S. military killed as of Tuesday, according to an Associated Press count. According to the Defense Department, 15,786 U.S. service members have been wounded in hostile action.
<em>Asan Bibi, 9, sits on a bench as burn cream is applied to her at Mirwais hospital October 13, 2009 Kandahar, Afghanistan. She, her sister and mother were badly burned when a helicopter fired into their tent in the middle of the night on October 3rd, according to their father. (Photo by Paula Bronstein/Getty Images)</em><br><br> Afghan civilian casualties: According to the United Nations, 11,864 civilians were killed in the conflict between 2007, when the U.N. began reporting statistics, and the end of 2011.
<em>An Iraqi man counts money behind a pile of American dollars in his currency exchange bureau in Baghdad on April 11, 2012. (ALI AL-SAADI/AFP/Getty Images)</em><br><br> Cost of the war: $443 billion from fiscal year 2001 through fiscal year 2011, according to the Congressional Research Service.
<em>US President Barack Obama speaks to troops during a visit to Bagram Air Field on May 1, 2012 in Afghanistan. (MANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images) </em><br><br> Number of times Obama has visited Afghanistan: 3 as president, including Tuesday, and 1 as a presidential candidate.