Public universities may be suffering disinvestment from state governments, but their presidents are still taking home hefty salaries.
According to a newly released survey by the Chronicle of Higher Education, the median total compensation for public university chancellors and presidents rose 3 percent from $409,483 in FY 2010 to $421,395 in FY 2011. At the same time, states cut back on support for public universities by nearly 8 percent, according to a separate study.
The compensation not only includes six-figure salaries, but often times allowances for cars and housing and five or six figure contributions to pensions.
As student debt continues to rise, topping $1 trillion and surpassing all other consumer debts, college presidents are beginning to take some heat for their high salaries.
President Obama has spent much of 2012 speaking about the cost of college, beginning in his State of the Union address in January. The president put universities on notice that if they didn't reign in the price to go to school, the federal government would take away aid.
Michael Young, president of the University of Washington, sharply criticized Obama as not understanding how public universities work. Young said the president's veiled threat was "nonsense on stilts."
"They really should know better," Young said at the time. "This really is political theater of the worst sort."
Yet, Young had a contract renewed in 2011 that provides him with $802,000 in annual compensation. Even though the state has scaled back financial support in recent years, cutting their funding for UW by half since 2009.
The University of California Board of Regents faced protests by students earlier this month when they discussed raising tuition while also handing out a pay raise to a new campus chancellor.
The California State University faculty union endorsed a walkout next fall if the administration continues to hold off on pay raises for professors while increasing executive pay. Students at Cal State also went on a hunger strike demanding, in part, that CSU administration officials take a pay cut.
At the University of Florida, executives got five-figure pay raises while students got tuition hikes.
There have been college presidents who gave themselves significant pay cuts in recent years. Oregon University presidents and chancellors voluntarily took a 4.6 percent salary reduction. At Iowa State University, the president and several other administration officials voluntarily gave themselves furloughs before asking faculty to do so when the state cut their budget.
Representatives from schools argue the high compensations are needed to attract top talent to run the universities. Sometimes the funding doesn't come from tuition or tax dollars, and instead is drawn out of funds that would've otherwise been used for things like scholarships and campus construction.
Yet, at schools like Ohio State University, where they are considering selling off property while their president enjoys nearly $2 million in compensation, critics see a disconnect.
“[For] students and their parents who are struggling, not just with coming up with the money, but paying off the debt," Dale Butland, a spokesman for Innovation Ohio, a nonprofit policy research group, told the New York Times, "I think there is a disconnect between what they are being asked to do and what they are seeing the leader of the university doing."
The 14 Highest Paid Public University Presidents:
Gordon Gee, Ohio State University President
Michael D. McKinney, Texas A&M University System Chancellor
<strong>$1.96 million</strong> <em> Retired in 2011.</em>
Graham Spanier, Pennsylvania State University System President
<strong>$1,068,763</strong> <em> Stepped down in 2011.</em>
Lee T. Todd, Jr., University of Kentucky President
<strong>$972,106</strong> <em> Retired in 2011.</em> Photo Credit: <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:University_of_Kentucky_President_Lee_Todd,_Jr._receives_an_award_from_Army_General_Albert_Bryant,_Jr..jpg" target="_hplink">Wikimedia Commons</a>
Mary Sue Coleman, University of Michigan President
Michael Young, University of Washington President
<strong>$802,000</strong> Young <a href="http://dailyuw.com/news/2011/may/03/michael-young-agrees-to-5-year-contract-802000/" target="_hplink">assumed the role</a> after Mark Emmert was named CEO of the NCAA. Emmert was compensated at a level just shy of $1 million.
Kent Hance, Texas Tech University System Chancellor
Francisco Cigarroa, University of Texas System Chancellor
Robert Bruininks, University of Minnesota-Twin Cities President
<strong>$747,955</strong> <em> Retired in 2011.</em>
John Hitt, University of Central Florida President
Charles W. Steger, Virginia Tech President
Patrick T. Harker, University of Delaware President
Jay Gogue, Auburn University President
Alan G. Merten, George Mason University President
<strong>$695,000</strong> <em>Planning to retire.</em> <em> Correction: This slide previously stated Alan Merten was president of the University of Illinois. He is the president of George Mason University.</em>