Beirut — Syrian forces and militias dragged men from their homes, executing them and burning their bodies as their families watched – a campaign to terrorize the residents of towns believed to shelter rebels, Amnesty International charged in a report released Wednesday.
The report by the London-based rights group said Syrian forces were engaging in a scorched-earth policy in some areas, killing some civilians and torturing others, shooting livestock and burning crops and houses in rebel-held areas.
Amnesty said the attacks appeared to increase as the 15-month uprising has transformed into an armed conflict between rebels and Syrian forces.
The group said it based its information on more than 200 interviews with residents in 23 Syrian towns and villages over six weeks, starting in mid-April.
Amnesty said it also documented incidents of rebels kidnapping and killing captured soldiers and pro-government thugs, known as "shabiha," but said the vast majority of abuses were committed by government forces and their allies.
"The frequency and brutality of government reprisals against towns and villages supportive of the opposition has escalated, in an apparent bid to punish the inhabitants ... and to frighten them into submission," the report said.
"The scale of the attacks, and the manner in which they were carried out, indicates that such crimes were perpetrated as part of a deliberate policy," it said.
In one incident, an Amnesty researcher saw Syrian security forces and their loyalist militias opening fire on demonstrators and passers-by, including children, to quell a protest in the northern city of Aleppo.
It was one of the few that Amnesty itself witnessed. The testimonies it gathered could not be independently confirmed. The Syrian government had no comment on the report.
The group said it received the names of more than 10,000 people killed in the fighting.
Amnesty said residents told them of a system of reprisal raids by Syrian armed forces and their militias, often in the wake of attacks by rebels. They said the forces would sweep into town in tanks and armored vehicles, sometimes backed up by helicopters, firing indiscriminately. After entering, soldiers and shabiha would go door to door looking for wanted people, or simply to terrorize residents, the report said.
One woman said she found the charred remains of her elderly husband mixed with the ashes of her burned-down home. Residents said their neighbor was shot and wounded, and then dragged into a building that was set on fire, leaving him to burn to death.
Other residents were shot out while fleeing town. The attacks often appeared punitive – the father, brother or neighbor of a wanted man was killed.
Among the dozens of incidents recorded in the report was the case of Safwan Qaraush, 45, a father of five who suffered progressively worse psychiatric illnesses. He was found shot on the head in late March, still clutching his blanket over his head, "as if he had been afraid when he was shot," said a relative in the town of Sarmin. Amnesty did not give the relative's name, saying many feared they, too, would be punished.
In the city of Taftanaz, more than 20 men of the Ghazal family were killed between April 3 and 4, Amnesty said. Their relatives said 16 of the men, some of whom were rebel fighters, were taken from a basement where they were sheltering with their families. Their bullet-riddled bodies were found scattered near the basement. The others, including Ghassan Ghazal, 75, were killed in separate attacks targeting the family.
Amnesty said some incidents could be considered "crimes against humanity and war crimes."
The rights group called on the international community to do more to halt the violence, saying a lack of real pressure on the regime was allowing it to act "with utter impunity." The group said an arms embargo was needed, as was beefing up the mission of U.N. observers in Syria to ensure they could better investigate abuses.
"Such inaction by the international community ultimately encourages further abuses," said researcher Donatella Rovera.
Amnesty called on Russia and China to halt weapons transfers to Syria. Russia denies its weapons are being used to crack down on Syrian activists.
U.S. ambassador to the U.N. Susan Rice tweets:
|@ AmbassadorRice : #Syria regime turned artillery, tanks and helicopters on its own men & women. It unleashed knife-wielding shabiha gangs on its own children.|
Russia says international envoy Kofi Annan will visit Moscow on Monday to discuss the ongoing crisis in Syria. Russia also called for an inquiry into an alleged massacre that took place in the village of Tramseh on Thursday. "We have no doubt that this wrongdoing serves the interests of those powers that are not seeking peace but persistently seek to sow the seeds of interconfessional and civilian conflict on Syrian soil," Russia's foreign ministry said in a statement, according to Reuters. Moscow did not apportion blame for the killings.
Read more on Reuters.com.
The Associated Press obtained a video that purports to show the aftermath of an alleged massacre in the village of Tramseh, near Hama.
How do Syria's fighters get their arms? An overview put together by Reuters explains that there are three gateways to the country -- Lebanon, Turkey, and Iraq.
Syrian rebels are smuggling small arms into Syria through a network of land and sea routes involving cargo ships and trucks moving through Turkey, Lebanon and Iraq, maritime intelligence and Free Syrian Army (FSA) officers say. Western and regional powers deny any suggestion they are involved in gun running. Their interest in the sensitive border region lies rather in screening to ensure powerful weapons such as surface to air missiles do not find their way to Islamist or other militants.
Read the full report here.
This citizen journalism image made from video provided by Shaam News Network SNN, purports to show a man mourning a victim killed by violence that, according to anti-regime activists, was carried out by government forces in Tremseh, Syria about 15 kilometers (nine miles) northwest of the central city of Hama, Thursday, July 12, 2012. (AP Photo/Shaam News Network, SNN)
According to the Hama Revolutionary Council, a Syrian opposition group, more than 220 people have been killed in a new alleged massacre in Taramseh. Earlier reports said more than 100 people were killed. "More than 220 people fell today in Taramseh," the Council said in a statement. "They died from bombardment by tanks and helicopters, artillery shelling and summary executions."
Fadi Sameh, an opposition activist from Taramseh, told Reuters he had left the town before the reported massacre but was in touch with residents. "It appears that Alawite militiamen from surrounding villages descended on Taramseh after its rebel defenders pulled out, and started killing the people. Whole houses have been destroyed and burned from the shelling," Sameh claimed.
Read more on Reuters.com.
Syrian activist Rami Jarrah tweets that Syrian State TV has confirmed deaths in Tremseh. "Terrorists" is often the term used by the Syrian regime for opposition forces.
|@ AlexanderPageSY : Syrian State TV: clashes between security apparatus & terrorists in #Tremseh of #Hama leaves large numbers of terrorists killed #Syria|
|@ Reuters : UPDATE: DEATH TOLL IN SYRIAN FORCES' ATTACK ON VILLAGE IN SYRIA'S HAMA REGION IS MORE THAN 200, MOSTLY CIVILIANS - OPPOSITION ACTIVISTS|