Today is the birthday of Catalan architect Antoni Gaudi, one of the most famed and studied architects of all time. This Monday marks the 160th anniversary of the birth of the Modernista creator of Sagrada Familia and other notable Spanish monuments. Scroll down for photos.
As an architect, Gaudi possessed a distinct vision that incorporated nature, religion and Catalan culture to create beautiful organic monuments that remain hallmarks of Spanish architecture. Attention to detail was a marked trait of his colossal churches and palaces, culminating in swirling terraces and bulging balconies that lent a whimsical touch to familiar neo-gothic and orientalist styles. His unique imaginations paved the way for the emerging Catalan Modernista and Renaixensa movements, which soared to success in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
It was in 1883 that Guadi was put in charge of his crowning achievement -- a cathedral project to be called the "Basilica i Temple Expiator de la Sagrada Familia". From 1915 until his death, Gaudi devoted most of his attention to this still-incomplete masterwork, while accepting numerous other commissions such as the Casa Batlló and the Casa Calvet.
Throughout his life, Gaudi remained romantically unattached, seeking solace in his strong faith and unwavering artistic passion. He died tragically on June 7th, 1926 after being struck by a passing tram. His legacy lives on through the ongoing reverence paid by visitors to his creations in Spain, and also through the influence of Modernisme on architects such as Santiago Calavatra and Norman Foster. Perhaps it is not surprising, then, that many of Gaudi's works have been deemed UNESCO World Heritage Sites; Pope Benedict XVI even consecrated the Sagrada Familia in 2010.
We'd like to propose a toast to the Catalan architect's 160th birthday. Antoni Gaudi, you truly are one of the greatest artists of the 20th century.
See a slideshow of his works below:
Roof architecture at Casa Batlló.
El Capricho (1883-85)
Palau Güell (1886-88)
The salamander in Park Güell
Nave of Sagrada Familia