07/02/2012 03:29 pm ET | Updated Jul 30, 2012

Amelia Earhart, Roswell UFO, Rabies Vaccine: This Week In Science History, July 2-8 (PHOTOS)

It'll be a busy week in science history. This week sees the 75th anniversary of one of the most talked-about aviation mysteries ever--and that's just the beginning.

This week also commemorates the first transatlantic hot air balloon flight—spearheaded by a certain ambitious Brit whose name you may know. And then there's the story of a famous chemist who developed the first vaccine for a deadly disease--and the remarkable engineering feat that enabled a beloved U.S. president to send Independence Day greetings to U.S. territories around the world.

What else in science history happened this week? Check out the slideshow for all the landmark events.

This Week In Science History, July 2-8