The Ebola virus is back in the news, with the World Health Organization confirming a recent outbreak of Ebola in Uganda.
Ugandan health officials said 14 people in the western part of the country have died from the infection this month. The officials urged Ugandans to remain calm, saying that a task force had been set up in an effort to stop the disease from spreading.
There are actually five different "species" of Ebola, according to the World Health Organization. Three of these species -- Bundibugyo, Sudan and Zaïre -- have been linked with outbreaks in Africa that come with high death rates of 25 to 90 percent, the WHO reported.
However, there has never been a case of Ebola virus in humans in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Ebola -- named after a river that runs through the Democratic Republic of Congo -- is contracted by humans when they come into contact with animals that also have the virus, according to the Mayo Clinic. But from there, it can also be spread human-to-human when a person comes into contact with an infected person's bodily fluids, or from needle-sharing. The virus actually causes a condition called Ebola hemorrhagic fever.
Symptoms of Ebola hemorrhagic fever often include headache, sore throat, diarrhea, fever and even rash and bleeding in some people, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. These symptoms will usually occur anywhere from five to 10 days after the person has become infected, the Mayo Clinic reported.
Unfortunately, there is no cure for Ebola -- people who have the condition are usually treated by receiving fluids and having blood replaced if they've lost blood, according to the Mayo Clinic.
British minister Joseph Priestley discovered the element oxygen (or what he called "dephlogisticated air") on August 1, 1774, by examining the red rust created when mercury is heated. Although the element's discoverer was disputed, Priestley received much of the credit after he published his findings in 1775.
Happy Census Day!
The first U.S. census was held in 1790, recording the population as of Aug. 2 that year. The census, which was mandated in the Constitution, compiled an enormous amount of data that had to be manually tabulated.
On August 3, 1908 two clergymen discovered a nearly complete, buried skeleton of a Neanderthal in a cave at La Chapelle-aux-Saints, France. This was the first recognized Neanderthal discovery, and later archaeological digs in the area turned up more than 1,000 other fossil pieces.
Moon Man's Birthday
Aug. 5 marks the first giant leap for Neil Armstrong. The first man to walk on the moon was born on that date in 1930 in Wapakoneta, Ohio. Besides being a NASA astronaut, Armstrong was a test pilot, aerospace engineer, university professor and U.S. Naval Aviator.
NASA Is Born
On July 29, 1958, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act. The act created the the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, or NASA. Since then NASA has put men on the moon, satellites into orbit and spacecraft to the edge of the solar system.
Reaching The North Pole
The USS Nautilus became the first submarine to travel beneath the geographic North Pole on August 3, 1958. The world's first operational nuclear-powered submarine, the Nautilus traveled underneath the arctic ice sheet from the Barrow Sea Valley to Greenland.
Astronomers discovered the first known quasar, or quasi-stellar radio source, on August 5, 1962. Previously known as radio source 3C 273, the quasar was described as a star-like object with a visible jet by Dutch astronomer Maarten Schmidt.
First Moon Photos
On July 31, 1964, the first close-up images of the moon's surface were returned by the U.S. space probe Ranger 7. These historic pictures were taken from about 830 miles away. The images paved the way for the moon landing five years later.
A Drive On The Moon
Dave Scott became the first person to drive a vehicle on the moon on July 31, 1971, when he took the battery-powered Lunar Rover (LRV) for a spin. As part of the Apollo 15 mission, Scott drove in the Hadley-Apennine region of the moon in the 460-pound rover.
First Moon Burial
Astronomer Eugene Shoemaker received the first and only moon burial on July 31, 1999. Dr. Shoemaker's ashes were deposited on the moon's surface when NASA's Lunar Prospector spacecraft was intentionally crashed to end its 19-month mission. Shoemaker co-discovered the Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9, and is considered one of the founders of the field of planetary science.