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Mars Facts: 5 Things About Red Planet You Might Not Know

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This "false color" mosaic photo of the surface of Mars was taken by NASA's rover Opportunity in mid-January 2012. | NASA JPL-Caltech, Cornell, Arizona State Univ.

PASADENA, Calif. — Mars is set to get its latest visitor Sunday night when NASA's new robotic rover, named Curiosity, attempts to land there. Mars has been a prime target for space exploration for decades, in part because its climate 3.5 billion years ago is believed to have been warm and wet, like early Earth. Here are five other key points:

_About the color: It's called the red planet because the landscape is stained rusty-red by the iron-rich dust.

_Quick weight loss: Its gravity is only 38 percent that of Earth. So if you weigh 150 pounds on Earth, you would weigh 57 pounds on Mars.

_Hot and cold: Mars' temperatures can range from 80 degrees at its equator to -199 degrees at its poles.

_The air is different: Mars' atmosphere is mostly carbon dioxide with traces of nitrogen and argon. Earth's atmosphere is a mixture of nitrogen, oxygen and other gases.

_Longer days: They last 40 minutes longer than a day on Earth.

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