The concept of a prisoner's last meal is a complicated issue, one that forces a person to imagine lavish menus at the same time as they ponder the last hours of their life. One artist, Julia Ziegler-Haynes, captivated for years by this confusing death row custom, has created a series of photographs that explores the unsettling emotions of last requests. Compiled in a book titled "Today's Special," the photographs depict the final meals of 24 sentenced inmates on the eve of their execution.
Ziegler-Haynes is a Brooklyn-based artist and chef whose idea of resurrecting the meal orders of death row inmates originated nearly 10 years ago. Fascinated by the severity of capital punishment and the strangely forgiving nature of last meals, the sculptor and printmaker turned to photography to illustrate the obsession in her newly published book, with the help of photographer Ashley Macknica.
To create the photographs captured in "Today's Special," Ziegler-Haynes sifted through public records of death row inmates, selecting 24 executed prisoners and their last meals of choice. She then recreated the dishes, cooking the orders herself and arranging them in pleasing displays involving stark white platters and brightly-colored backdrops. These scenes were at last photographed from the vantage point of the diner, placing the viewer in the seat of the convicted criminal to imagine the final thoughts that accompanied the final meal.
Her decision to present the somber meals in such stylized formats was influenced by the photography of Christian Boltanski's 1976 "Compositions decoratives." Attracted to the visual aesthetic of its simple food stylings, Ziegler-Haynes sought to use the intimate perspective of Boltanski's dining portraits to portray the uneasy subject matter of death row dishes. The resulting images appear like the window advertisements of local diners, displaying pristine versions of food that seem innately unappetizing. The photographs also come to represent the final portraits of the inmates who chose them. Whether it's a single black, unpitted olive or a table full of hamburgers, tacos and pizza, it's nearly impossible to look at the scenes without immediately imagining the person behind the order.
Ziegler-Hayne's project, like the work of other artists who have investigated the concept of the last meal, uses compelling visuals to force its audience to readress a gestural norm that has long been embedded in American culture. "I will never fully understand the hypocrisy of fulfilling someone's last wishes only to take their life the very next day," Ziegler-Haynes states in an interview included in the book. "It's a confusing gesture. It almost feels like the last meal does more for the executioner than it does for the inmate: a clearing of the conscience."
"Today's Special" by Julia Ziegler-Haynes is available now through OHWOW.
Check out more images from "Today's Special" in the slideshow below and let us know what you think in the comments section. What do you think about the concept of the last meal?
PETER J. MINIEL. October 6, 2004. Twenty beef tacos, twenty beef enchiladas, two double cheeseburgers, a pizza with jalapeños, fried chicken, spaghetti with salt, a small fruit cake, half of a chocolate cake, half of a vanilla cake, cookies-n-cream ice cream, caramel pecan fudge ice cream, two Coca-Colas, two Pepsi-Colas, two root beers and two orange juices. Info: Peter J. Miniel, 42, was executed by lethal injection on October 6, 2004 in Huntsville, Texas for the murder of a 21 year old man. Miniel spent 16 years on death row. © Julia Ziegler-Haynes: Todayʼs Special. OHWOW, 2012.
LEWIS EUGENE GILBERT, II. July 1, 2003. A half-gallon of vanilla ice cream, a box of Whoppers and a box of assorted ice cream cones. Info: Lewis Eugene Gilbert, II, 31, was executed by lethal injection on June 1, 2003 in McAlester, Oklahoma for the murder of a 37 year old woman. Gilbert spent 7 years on death row. © Julia Ziegler-Haynes: Todayʼs Special. OHWOW, 2012.
JACKIE LEE WILLINGHAM. July 24, 2003. Fettuccine Alfredo, a small deep-dish pepperoni pizza, breadsticks and two Peppermint Patties. Info: Jackie Lee Willingham, 33, was executed by lethal injection on July 24, 2003 in McAlester, Oklahoma for the murder of a 62 year old woman. Willingham spent 8 years on death row. © Julia Ziegler-Haynes: Todayʼs Special. OHWOW, 2012.
JAMES REXFORD POWELL. October 1, 2002. One pot of coffee. Info: James Rexford Powell, 56, was executed by lethal injection on October 1, 2002 in Huntsville, Texas for the murder of a 10 year old girl. Powell spent 11 years on death row. © Julia Ziegler-Haynes: Todayʼs Special. OHWOW, 2012.
DAVID LEON WOODS. May 4, 2007. Pizza and birthday cake. Info: David Leon Woods, 42, was executed by lethal injection on May 4, 2007 in Michigan City, Indiana for the murder of a 77 year old man. Woods spent 22 years on death row. © Julia Ziegler-Haynes: Todayʼs Special. OHWOW, 2012.
ROBERT ANTHONY BUELL. September 24, 2002. A single black, unpitted olive. Info: Robert Anthony Buell, 62, was executed by lethal injection on September 24, 2002 in Lucasville, Ohio for the murder of a 11 year old girl. Buell spent 8 years on death row. © Julia Ziegler-Haynes: Todayʼs Special. OHWOW, 2012.
HASTINGS ARTHUR WISE. November 4, 2005. A lobster tail, French fries, coleslaw, banana pudding and milk. Info: Hastings Arthur Wise, 51, was executed by lethal injection on November 4, 2005 in Columbia, South Carolina for the murders of a 27 year old woman, and three men ages 56, 30 and 31. Wise spent 4 years on death row. © Julia Ziegler-Haynes: Todayʼs Special. OHWOW, 2012.