NEW YORK — Snoop Dogg has rapped in songs where gay slurs have been tossed about.

He's even said them, part of a long list of rappers who have freely used the f-word – the other f-word – in rhyme.

For years, anti-gay epithets and sentiments in rap have largely been accepted, along with its frequent misogyny and violence, as part of the hip-hop culture – a culture that has been slow to change, even as gays enjoy more mainstream acceptance, particularly in entertainment.

But while perhaps glacial, a shift appears to be on the horizon.

"People are learning how to live and get along more, and accept people for who they are and not bash them or hurt them because they're different," Snoop Dogg said in a recent interview.

Frank Ocean may be largely responsible for that. The rising star, who revealed on his blog last month that his first love was a man, is technically an R&B singer. But he has produced and collaborated with some of music's top hip-hop acts, from Jay-Z to Andre 3000 to Kanye West to Nas. He's also co-written songs for Beyonce, Justin Bieber and John Legend, and is a member of the alternative rap group Odd Future.

"When I was growing up, you could never do that and announce that," Snoop said of Ocean's revelation. "There would be so much scrutiny and hate and negativity, and no one would step (forward) to support you because that's what we were brainwashed and trained to know."

When 24-year-old Ocean made his announcement, he received a ton of support from the music world, mainly through Twitter and blogs, including encouraging words from 50 Cent, Nas, Jamie Foxx, Def Jam Records founder Russell Simmons, Beyonce and Flea of the Red Hot Chili Peppers. Even Ocean's Odd Future band mate, Tyler, the Creator, showed some love, though he's used homophobic slurs in his songs.

"(The support for Frank is) an extension of the overall kind of support we're seeing across the country for LGBT people, and not just in a broad sense, but specifically from iconic members of the black community," said Daryl Hannah, GLAAD's director of media and community partnerships, who namedropped President Barack Obama and Jay-Z as those leading the change.

While the support for Ocean is strong, and some rappers – including Nicki Minaj – have said a gay rapper will soon hit the music scene, it's still hard to imagine that the male-dominated, macho rap world could include a gay performer.

Anti-gay sentiments have been entrenched in hip-hop for decades. Darryl "D.M.C." McDaniels of the iconic rap group Run D.M.C., says it was the norm for years.

"You would have had 50 rappers jump on a song, diss the gay people because it's cool," said D.M.C.

That attitude has abated little, even as other parts of the entertainment industry have curtailed what many consider to be anti-gay material. (Last year, Universal Pictures altered a trailer for the movie "Dilemma" because a character called a car "gay.")

Eminem was targeted by groups like GLAAD for his incessant slurs against gays, a role that now seems to be embodied by Tyler, the Creator, in his raps. Lil Wayne recently used the f-word on Chris Brown's "Look at Me Now," a Grammy-nominated Top 10 pop hit and No. 1 rap and R&B song. There are also terms like "no homo" and "pause" used in the hip-hop community after an utterance to acknowledge that what was said does not have any homosexual intent.

Wu-Tang Clan has had a number of songs that contain the f-word. In an interview, Wu-Tang's Ghostface Killah recently explained the genre's stance toward gays like this: "For the most part I think that hip-hop is, you know, we always have been open-minded to a lot of things. It's just certain things we just – we don't deal with."

When asked if a gay rapper could make it in hip-hop, Raekwon, another Wu-Tang member, said: "I mean, I don't know. I guess that's a question we all want to know."

When asked the same question, Snoop said with a laugh: "There might be some openly gay rappers in hip-hop that's having success – for real. You never know. There might be some(one) right now that hasn't pulled a Frank Ocean yet, that hasn't jumped out of the closet to the living room to make that announcement."

Ice-T said he could see a gay rapper on the scene – depending on what kind of rap he or she performed.

"I've done hardcore hip-hop in my life where masculinity is at a premium. At this moment right now, we're in the world of pop-rap and it doesn't really matter right now. These guys are singing, it's pop music and being in pop and gay is OK," he said. "It would be difficult to listen to a gay gangster rapper ... If you're a gangster rapper like myself and Ice Cube ... if one of us came out and said something, that would be a big thing. That would be like, `Whoa! What?'"

But some of hip-hop's key figures have given some kind of support to the gay community. Pharrell recently collaborated with the openly gay pop singer Mika on the song "Celebrate." Jay-Z, like Eminem, has said people of the same sex should be able to love one another. Eminem performed with Elton John at the 2001 Grammy Awards at the height of GLAAD's criticism.

D.M.C. is skeptical about some of hip-hop's recent support of Ocean, since he believes homophobia is still rampant in the culture. Still, he is sure a homosexual hip-hop act will emerge: "Of course there's going to be a gay rapper." He said that a rapper's success would be determined not by his sexuality, but by the quality of his raps.

Shaheem Reid, a veteran hip-hop journalist, said the inroads that gays have made in mainstream culture have made a dent in the rap world: "Hip-hop is just a reflection of what's going on."

He added that gay rappers can gain mainstream exposure, but that will come with challenges.

"I think that if the music is great enough and the topics are great enough, there's a slight chance," said Reid, who is editor-at-large for hip-hop's XXL magazine. "If there was a homosexual emcee, male or female, I don't think that talking about them being gay or lesbian could be the only substance in their music."


AP Writers Cristina Jaleru and Zara Younis in London contributed to this report.


Follow Mesfin Fekadu on Twitter at

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  • Murs

    Los Angeles-based rapper Murs, though straight, recently released a video, "Animal Style," which features a brief, though intimate, kiss between two men, and explores the damage that homophobia can cause.

  • Frank Ocean

    Frank Ocean, R&B artist and part of the Odd Future collective, <a href="" target="_hplink">released a poetic coming out statement</a> on his <a href="" target="_hplink">web site</a>, without mentioning sexual orientation. Here is an except: <blockquote>"In the last year or 3 I've screamed at my creator, screamed at the clouds in the sky, for some explanation. Mercy maybe. For peace of mind to rain like manna somehow. 4 summers ago, I met somebody. I was 19 years old. He was too. We spent that summer, and the summer after, together. Everyday almost... Sleep I would often share with him. By the time I realized I was in love, it was malignant. It was hopeless. There was no escaping."</blockquote>

  • Kanye West

    When closing-out this 2008 concert, Kanye's spoke about gay rumors aimed at him and learning acceptance: <blockquote>"Hip hop, you know how many people came to me, called me gay, 'cause I wear my jeans the fresh way? Or because I said 'Hey, dude, how you gonna say "fag" right in front of a gay dude's face and act like that's okay?' That shit is disrespectful! And it took me time to learn that, coming from Chicago, where if you saw somebody that was gay, you was supposed to stay ten feet away. It took me time to break out of the mental prisons I was in, the stereotypes... accepting people for who they are... open your minds and live a happier life, don't hate on people so much."</blockquote>

  • Azealia Banks

    In this excerpt from a February 2012 <em>New York Times</em> piece, up and coming hip hop presence Azealia Banks <a href="" target="_hplink">nonchalantly addresses her sexuality</a> and the problem of tokenization that can happen in the music industry: <blockquote>"The aggression in "212" is palpable, not just in the beat but also in the crass lyrics, in which she asserts her dominance over a male opponent. Ms. Banks considers herself bisexual, but, she said: 'I'm not trying to be, like, the bisexual, lesbian rapper. I don't live on other people's terms.'"</blockquote>

  • Fat Joe

    In a 2011 interview with <a href="" target="_hplink">VladTV</a>, rapper <a href="" target="_hplink">Fat Joe said</a>, "There's millions of gay people in the world, girls too... 2011 you gotta hide that you're gay?... Be real!... The hip hop community is owned by gay... I happen to think there's a gay mafia in hip hop... they are in power... if you're gay, rep your set."

  • A$AP Rocky

    "I don't give a fuck about your business," A$AP Rocky said in a <a href="" target="_hplink">2012 interview with Spinner</a>, adding: <blockquote>"Man, if you're gay we can be friends. If you're straight, we can be friends. I'm not gay, I don't plan on being gay, I don't condone it and I'm not sayin' I'm against it. I really don't give a fuck and I don't think anyone should care about what another man's preference is... unless he's interested, if you know what I'm sayin'. People need to leave gay people the fuck alone. Like, who cares? If you still care about shit like that you need to just hang yourself like the rest of them KKK motherfuckers. For real. Who gives a fuck?... I don't care and it's like fucked up that hip-hop is so retarded. They don't want to accept nothing."</blockquote>

  • The Game

    In an interview with <a href="" target="_hplink">Vlad TV</a>, rapper The Game said: <blockquote>"Beyonce should have said 'Who run the world? Gays!'... It's a free country, be gay, you can do that. Game don't have a problem with gay people, Game has a problem with people that are pretending not to be gay, but are gay. Because, the number one issue with that is that you can be fooling somebody and you can give them AIDS and they can die, and so that in the closet shit is real scary... it's just not fair to other people... there's a lot of man fans in hip hop."</blockquote>

  • Jay-Z

    In a CNN interview, Jay-Z reached to Obama's endorsement of gay marriage, saying: <blockquote>"What people do in their own home is their business. You choose to love whoever you love. It's no difference than discrimination against blacks, it's discrimination, plain and simple... [Obama endorsing same-sex marriage] is not about votes, it's about's the right thing to do as a human being."</blockquote>

  • Nicki Minaj

    "I think there have been many gay rappers, they just haven't come out of the closet," Minaj said in a <a href=",0" target="_hplink">2010 interview with <em>OUT</em> magazine</a>. She added: <blockquote>"Yup, lots of them. They're lurking around the industry now... obviously, the majority of the men in hip-hop don't want you to think they're gay. That's just the reality of it...I'm a woman, so I have a lot more flexibility. And I don't lose credibility in any way if I say I think girls are dope and sexy."</blockquote> She's also stated that one of her alter egos, Roman Zolanski, is gay (see above video).

  • Lil Scrappy

    In an interview with TMZ about Frank Ocean coming out, rapper <a href="" target="_hplink">Lil Scrappy controversially said</a>: <blockquote>"I'm glad that he came out so all the real women that love to mess with real men -- the straight men -- we can keep the AIDS situation down, you feel me?...[Homosexuality] is a doorway to AIDS, scientifically... Half the rappers are gay, you feel me? The 'real gangsters' and all that, they're gay, but they ain't coming out... you a coward if you don't stand-up... at the end of the day, a person will respect if you say you would rather be Adam and Steve."</blockquote>

  • T.I.

    In response to Hot 97's Cipha Sounds and Rosenberg Show asking him what he though of Jay-Z coming out in support of gay marriage, rapper T.I. responded, "To be honest with you, I don't care. I don't see what the big deal is, why some people are so against it. Why could you be so against it if it doesn't effect you or your lifestyle?... If something doesn't effect you, you should not take a strong position against it."

  • Omarion

    Faced with a press release that said, "Teen idol Omarion announces that he's bisexual," and a Twitter uproar fueling speculation, Omarion called Hot 97's Funkmaster Flex to clear up the rumors: "I did not release that statement. Whatever people like is their business, but I'm not gay, or bisexual. I love women, and that's just what it is."

  • 40 Glocc & Zoo Life

    Speaking about Young Money, Lil Wayne's record label, rappers 40 Glocc and Zoo Life said, "The majority of the industry is gay, all you dudes is fags. You know you dudes is fags," and, "You n***as is hugging each other in the studio, kissing each other and shit. What kinda shit is that?" Some other low points: "Young Money is the new 'Brokeback Mountain'," and, "Make sure you put a cork in your butt, 'cause your shit is wide open."

  • Russell Simmons

    The following is a July 2012 <a href="" target="_hplink">letter to The Global Grind</a> about Frank Ocean coming out, from rap mogul Russel Simmons: <blockquote>"Today is a big day for hip-hop. It is a day that will define who we really are. How compassionate will we be? How loving can we be? How inclusive are we? I am profoundly moved by the courage and honesty of Frank Ocean. Your decision to go public about your sexual orientation gives hope and light to so many young people still living in fear. These types of secrets should not matter anymore, but we know they do, and because of that I decided to write this short statement of support for one of the greatest new artists we have. His gifts are undeniable. His talent, enormous. His bravery, incredible. His actions this morning will uplift our consciousness and allow us to become better people. Every single one of us is born with peace and tranquility in our heart. Frank just found his. Frank, we thank you. We support you. We love you."</blockquote>

  • Lady Sovereign

    In an interview with <a href="'s-out-lesbian-rapper.aspx" target="_hplink">Diva Magazine</a>, UK rapper Lady Sovereign confirmed rumors that she was, in fact, a lesbian: <blockquote>"Magazines would always ask about it but [questions about my sexuality] would get stopped by my publicists. It was my choice, too, because I was a bit worried about it but now I don't really give a shit. You can't hide away forever. It's just stupid and now I've come out I feel a lot more comfortable with myself. But it was a bit scary back then because some people do have horrible opinions."</blockquote>

  • Tyler, the Creator

    The Los Angeles-based hip-hop collective, Odd Future, has faced criticism about its use of homophobic slurs, to the point that the group <a href="" target="_hplink">was disinvited</a> from the New Zealand's Big Gay Out music festival, after <a href="" target="_hplink">complaints</a>. Collective front-man, Tyler The Creator,<a href="" target="_hplink"> told MTV news</a>: "Well, I have gay fans and they don't really take it offensive, so I don't know. If it offends you, it offends you." When fellow Odd Future member Frank Ocean <a href="" target="_hplink">came out</a>, Tyler, The Creator <a href="" target="_hplink">tweeted support</a>.

  • 50 Cent

    In a July 2012 <a href="" target="_hplink">interview with MTV News</a>, 50 Cent spoke about <a href="" target="_hplink">Frank Ocean coming out</a>: <blockquote>"Anyone who has an issue with Frank Ocean is an idiot... I could care less about what his personal preferences in his actual bedroom. To say you don't like Frank Ocean is to say maybe you don't like Luther Vandross or maybe you don't like Kenny Greene. 'Cause there's artists before him that have made these choices, just not, they haven't made the choice to expose it or the general public before an actual release of music... The results of how popular [Frank Ocean's] music becomes now would say how cool or uncool it is to be in the open... Obama is for same-sex marriage... If the president is saying that, then who am I to go the other way?"</blockquote>

  • Beyoncé

    Pop star Beyoncé, who is married to hip hop mogul Jay-Z, and has acknowledged and voiced support for <a href="" target="_hplink">her gay fans</a>, <a href="" target="_hplink">posted a poem</a> to her <a href="" target="_hplink">web site</a> in support of Frank Ocean coming out.

  • Eminem

    In an interview with Anderson Cooper on "60 Minutes," Eminem addressed his frequent use of the word "faggot" (skip to 9:00): <blockquote>"The scene that I came up in, that word was thrown around so much, you know? Faggot was, like, it was thrown around constantly, to each other, like in battling...I don't have any problem with nobody, you know what I mean. Like, I'm just whatever." </blockquote> Eminem has also discussed gay marriage in the past and told the <em>New York Times,</em> "I think if two people love each other, then what the hell?... I think that everyone should have the chance to be equally miserable, if they want."