From interfaith efforts in support of Islam to "I am Mormon" billboards, it's become common for religious organizations to buy public ads to promote their faiths and causes. But a national atheist organization is taking it a step further, using Monday's presidential debate at Lynn University in Boca Raton, Fla., to launch a week-long attack on the faith of Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney.

The mobile billboard ad, which will be propped up on a truck that will circle the university during the debate, is sponsored by American Atheists, the nation's oldest atheist organization. "Shame on Mormonism," the ad says. "No blacks allowed (Until 1978). No gays allowed."

The sign references the church's former ban on black members in the lay priesthood, its policy that gay members should remain celibate and its high-profile promotion and funding of anti-same sex marriage efforts.

Dave Silverman, the president of American Atheists, said he plans for the $8,000 ad effort to make stops at Romney-related events over the next week as the campaign reaches its final stretch before the Nov. 6 election.

"We are not charging that Mr. Romney is a racist, but he did recruit for a racist organization, seemingly without reservations ... We need to know Mr. Romney's stance on diversity (ethnic and religious) before we vote," Silverman said in an email. He added that "allowing gay people to join (so they can tithe) while not allowing them to live as they see fit is not acceptance, but rather the very definition of intolerance."

In an unusual move from an atheist perspective, Silverman borrowed from evangelical Christian attacks on Mormonism, calling it a "polytheistic, non-Abrahamic religion." Silverman said his organization is financing the ad because he believes Romney's role in the church has not been deeply examined. The effort is the latest flap over Romney's faith, which has been targeted since he launched his primary campaign. Just this month, after he met and nearly endorsed Romney, the website of Rev. Billy Graham's nonprofit scrubbed a reference to Mormonism as a "cult."

The organization previously tried to place anti-Mormon and more broadly anti-Christian ads in Tampa for the Republican National Convention, but was denied space by billboard operators. Ads that said "Christianity: Sadistic God, Useless Savior" and "Mormonism: Magic Underwear, Baptizes Dead People, Big Money, Big Bigotry" went up in Charlotte for the Democratic National Convention, but were pulled after complaints.

Officials in the Latter-day Saints church, whose members overwhelmingly tend to vote Republican, have repeatedly emphasized during the campaign that the church does not endorse candidates. While the church's beliefs differ greatly from those held by most Christians, the Latter-day Saints church has emphasized that Jesus Christ is central to the faith and the vast majority of its members see themselves as Christians.

"People are surely free to disagree with us on the facts. This group seems not to know that there have been black members of the Church since our earliest history, and there are many faithful gay members of the church today," said Dale Jones, a church spokesman. "We would be happy to introduce the [American Atheists president] to any of our millions of members of different [ethnic backgrounds] who would be happy to educate him on our racial diversity."

From 1977 to 1994, Romney served in several positions in the lay leadership of the church while living in Massachusetts, the highest being a stake president, akin to the leader of a Catholic diocese. Romney has spoken less extensively about his faith during this presidential run than during his failed primary bid four years ago, but has never said his church would have any control over his performance as a president.

"If I am fortunate to become your president, I will serve no one religion, no one group, no one cause, and no one interest," Romney said when similar accusations were made about his religion during his field primary bid four years ago. On black priests, Romney said in 2008 that he was "anxious to see a change in my church" and cried with joy when the church lifted its ban. More recently, when a man at an April campaign event asked if Romney thought it was "a sin for a white man to marry and procreate with a black," Romney replied with an emphatic "no."

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  • In this Sept. 9, 2010 photo, a billboard erected by atheists in Oklahoma City reads " Don't believe in God? Join the club". Nick Singer, the coordinator of a local atheists' group called "Coalition of Reason," recently received $5,250 from its national counterpart to erect the billboard along Interstate 44 near the Oklahoma State Fair. Oklahoma ranks eighth in the nation for percentage of residents who self-identify as Christians (85 percent), according to an analysis of the 2008 U.S. Religious Landscape Survey conducted by the Pew Research Center's Forum on Religion and Public Life. (Sue Ogrocki, AP)

  • Atheist billboard on Capital Blvd. in Raleigh, North Carolina, can be seen March 29, 2011. (Chris Seward, Raleigh News & Observer / MCT)

  • A billboard sponsored by an atheist group is displayed near the entrance to the Lincoln Tunnel in North Bergen, N.J., Wednesday, Dec. 1, 2010. Now, the Catholic League has countered by putting up its own billboard near one of the tunnel's New York City entrances. (Seth Wenig, AP)

  • An atheistic billboard in Chicago. (<a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/ericingrum/4038228725/" target="_hplink">Eric Ingrum</a>, Flickr)

  • A billboard sponsored by a Catholic group is displayed near an exit of the Lincoln Tunnel in New York, Wednesday, Dec. 1, 2010. Similarly, a billboard sponsored by an atheist group is displayed near the tunnel's New Jersey entrance. (Seth Wenig, AP)

  • <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/03/13/atheist-slavery-billboard-pennsylvania-raises-tempers_n_1342268.html">From RNS' Diana Fishlock</a>: A billboard erected in one of the Harrisburg, Pa.'s most racially diverse neighborhoods featured an African slave with the biblical quote, "Slaves, obey your masters." It lasted less than a day before someone tore it down.

  • An atheist group <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/03/07/american-atheists-myth-billboard-brooklyn-jewish-rejected_n_1327527.html">was blocked</a> from erecting a billboard in a heavily Jewish neighborhood in Brooklyn, New York.



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  • Utah

    69,124 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7f/Salt_Lake_LDS_Temple.jpg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Idaho

    26,108 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bc/Idaho_Falls_Temple.jpg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Wyoming

    11,143 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons.

  • Nevada

    6,486 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4b/Las_Vegas_Temple_1.jpg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Arizona

    6,147 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/43/Mesa_Temple.jpg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Hawaii

    5,137 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/98/LDS_Laie_Hawaii_Temple_front_view.jpg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Montana

    4,698 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7f/MTempleafar.jpg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Alaska

    4,530 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b9/Anchorage_Alaska_Temple_by_artchase.jpg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Washington

    3,975 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/dc/Columbia_river_temple.jpg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Oregon

    3,862 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Portland_Oregon_Temple.jpg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • New Mexico

    3,285 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Albuquerque_New_Mexico_Temple_by_a4gpa.jpeg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Colorado

    2,833 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Denver_LDSTemple.JPG" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • California

    2,050 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Fresno_Temple_rear.JPG" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Nebraska

    1,281 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Winter_Quarters_Temple.JPG" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • South Dakota

    1,205 Mormons per 100,000 persons.

  • Kansas

    1,198 Mormons per 100,000 persons.

  • Texas

    1,178 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Dallas_LDS_Temple_by_David_B.jpeg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Oklahoma

    1,147 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Oklahoma_city_lds_mormon_temple.jpg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Virginia

    1,122 Mormons per 100,000 persons.

  • Missouri

    1,103 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:St._Louis_Missouri_Temple_by_Ella_Minnow_Peas,_left_frame_only.jpeg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • North Dakota

    1,030 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:BismarkTemple7.jpg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Arkansas

    945 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/34/Petit_Jean_State_Park_view.jpg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • West Virginia

    902 Mormons per 100,000 persons.

  • South Carolina

    808 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Columbia_South_Carolina.jpg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Iowa

    808 Mormons per 100,000 persons.

  • North Carolina

    805 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:RaleighTemple.JPG" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Maine

    804 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:A_beach_in_maine_on_a_clear_day.jpg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Georgia

    801 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Atlanta_Georgia_Temple_04.07.07.jpg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Maryland

    738 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Washington_D.C._Temple_At_Dusk.jpg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Kentucky

    737 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Louisville_Kentucky_Temple_by_Foto71.jpeg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Florida

    728 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Orlando_Florida_Temple.jpg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Tennessee

    720 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Memphis_Tennessee_Temple_01.JPG" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Alabama

    719 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Birmingham_Alabama_Temple_by_nateOne,_cropped.jpeg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Mississippi

    715 Mormons per 100,000 persons.

  • Vermont

    701 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Burlington,_Vermont.jpg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Indiana

    637 Mormons per 100,000 persons.

  • Louisiana

    630 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Louisiana_State_Capital_at_night.jpg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • New Hampshire

    625 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:New_hampshire_in_autumn_.jpg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Minnesota

    577 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:St._Paul_Minnesota_Temple_in_March_2008.jpeg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Delaware

    538 Mormons per 100,000 persons.

  • Ohio

    508 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Columbus_Ohio_Temple_(cropped).png" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Illinois

    435 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Chicago_Illinois_Temple3.jpg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Wisconsin

    431 Mormons per 100,000 people.

  • Michigan

    428 Mormons per 100,000 people. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Detroit_Michigan_Temple.jpg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Connecticut

    419 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0a/Nhskyline_eastshore.jpg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • New York

    403 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:ManhattanTemple.jpg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Pennsylvania

    392 Mormons per 100,000 persons.

  • Massachusetts

    381 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bostontemple.JPG" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Rhode Island

    364 Mormons per 100,000 persons. <br> Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Original photo <a href="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/73/N3419822_37931820_6163Providence.jpg" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • New Jersey

    360 Mormons per 100,000 persons.

  • District of Columbia

    70 Mormons per 100,000 people.