While tuition at public and private colleges alike continues to rise, total grant aid for students stalled in 2011-12, according to two recent reports on college pricing and student aid trends by the College Board Advocacy & Policy Center.
The average published tuition and fees for in-state students at public four-year colleges and universities increased by 4.8 percent, from $8,256 in 2011-12, to $8,655 in 2012-13. This was accompanied by a $325 increase in room and board charges for students living on campus, bringing the total cost of living to $9,205. According to the report, in 2012-13, tuition and fees for in-state students at flagship universities range from $4,278 at the University of Wyoming and $5,985 at the University of Montana, to $16,422 at the University of New Hampshire and $17,266 at Penn State.
For students attending out-of-state public four-year colleges and universities, average tuition and fees increased by $883, from $20,823 in 2011-12 to $21,706 in 2012-13. Total charges, including room and board for students living on campus, currently average $30,911.
Meanwhile, average tuition and fees at private nonprofit four-year institutions amounts to $29,056 in 2012-13, an increase of $1,173 from the previous year. Factoring in room and board costs, total charges average $39,518.
According to a College Board statement, the average annual increase in average published tuition and fees at private nonprofit four-year colleges and universities over the decade from 2002-03 to 2012-13 was 2.4 percent beyond inflation — lower than in either of the two preceding decades. That said, the 5.2 percent average growth rate in tuition and fees at public four-year institutions was higher than that of either of the two preceding decades.
In an accompanying report, the authors determined that while total student borrowing has increased rapidly over the past decade, the rate of growth has decreased in recent years. The 4-percent decline in total education borrowing — including federal student and parent loans, as well as nonfederal loans — between 2010-11 and 2011-12 represents the first decline in at least 20 years.
In 2011-12, undergraduate students across all sectors of higher education received an average of $13,218 per full-time equivalent student in financial aid, including $6,932 in grant aid from all sources and $5,056 in federal loans. Federal grant aid for undergraduates nearly doubled from $26 billion (in 2011 dollars) to $52 billion between 2008-09 and 2010-11, but declined to $49 billion in 2011-12.
Over the past decade, the number of federal Stafford Loan borrowers nearly doubled, while the average amount borrowed from subsidized and unsubsidized Stafford Loans combined increased by 8 percent, from $7,627 (in 2011 dollars) to $8,230. The number of students receiving Pell Grants also increased from 4.3 million in 2001-02 to 9.4 million — or 37 percent of all undergraduates — in 2011-12. Mitt Romney has said on the campaign trail that he won’t promise to boost Pell Grant awards, and that voters should not expect the government to forgive student loan debt. His running mate, Paul Ryan, meanwhile, has proposed a budget in the House that would prevent up to one million low-income students from receiving Pell grants.
President Barack Obama has said several times in 2012 colleges must work to contain costs and not rely on tuition increases in the absence of state funding. If they do not, Obama said, they could lose out on federal money.
According to the College Board report, with full-time undergraduates at public four-year institutions in 2012-13 receiving an estimated average of $5,750 in grant aid from all sources and federal tax benefits to help pay the average $8,655 in tuition and fees, students are paying an average tuition and fee price of just over $2,900. This net price has increased annually since 2009-10.
Alabama - 8.7 Percent
The Auburn University Board of Trustees approved <a href="http://www.wtvm.com/story/17648502/trustees-approve-tuition-hikes-for-auburn-and-aum" target="_hplink">an 8 percent tuition increase</a> for undergrads and a 9 percent hike for graduate students. In-state medical students at the University of Alabama will <a href="http://blog.al.com/spotnews/2012/04/tuition_increases_proposed_for.html" target="_hplink">see a 4 percent tuition</a> increase, while dental students get a 6 percent hike and 8 percent for optometry students. For other UA students, <a href="http://www.abc3340.com/story/18810386/parents-react-to-uas-tuition-hike" target="_hplink">ABC3340 reports</a> a 7 percent jump for students attending the main campus in Tuscaloosa, 8.6 jump for students at UAB and 8.7 percent at the Huntsville campus. After increasing tuition by <a href="http://www.annistonstar.com/view/full_story/18258460/article-JSU-trustees--no-tuition-increase-if-state-will-pony-up?instance=home_lead_story" target="_hplink">almost 13 percent</a> last year, Jacksonville State University promised they will hold tuition level if the state doesn't cut their funding. Alabama's public colleges and universities <a href="http://www.bizjournals.com/birmingham/morning_call/2012/04/tuition-increasing-4-for-in-state.html" target="_hplink">are facing a 5 percent cut</a> from state appropriations. Photo Credit: <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Alabama_Capitol_Building.jpg" target="_hplink">Carol M. Highsmith</a>
Arizona - No Increase
After double digit tuition <a href="http://www.pewstates.org/projects/stateline/headlines/states-struggling-to-slow-tuition-growth-85899383588" target="_hplink">hikes in each of the past four years</a> at the University of Arizona and Arizona State University, college students have some good news for the fall of 2012; a freeze on tuition for the first time in 20 years. Actually, the state will be <a href="http://www.azcentral.com/news/politics/articles/2012/04/27/20120427brewer-legislative-leaders-announce-budget-deal.html" target="_hplink">pouring $21 million</a> in their public higher education institutions. Photo Credit:<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:University_of_Arizona_mall.jpg" target="_hplink"> Jscarreiro</a>
California - 9 Percent
The University of California approved a 9 percent fee increase for next year. If a ballot proposition to raise taxes in November isn't approved, they may increase by <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/05/08/university-of-california-tuition-hike_n_1501050.html" target="_hplink">another 6 percent</a>. UC got a 20 percent cutfrom the state this year. California State University was cut by 27 percent.
Florida - 8 To 15 Percent
The University of Central Florida<a href="http://knightnews.com/2012/03/gov-rick-scott-i-dont-believe-in-tuition-increases-florida-universities/" target="_hplink"> has lost $150 million</a> the last five years, leading to job losses and the end of certain majors. Now they're <a href="http://www.naplesnews.com/news/2012/jun/03/guest-column-to-raise-or-not-to-raise-fgcu/" target="_hplink">going to implement</a> a <a href="http://articles.orlandosentinel.com/2012-05-22/features/os-ucf-tuition-increase-20120522_1_ucf-trustees-ucf-administrators-plan-ucf-s-college" target="_hplink">15 percent tuition increase</a>. The University of Florida is looking at a <a href="http://www.ocala.com/article/20120608/ARTICLES/120609708/1402/NEWS?Title=Machen-UF-will-seek-9-percent-rather-than-15-percent-tuition-hike&tc=ar" target="_hplink">9 percent tuition hike</a>. Florida A&M University voted to raise tuition by 8 percent. Florida State University approved increasing tuition by <a href="http://www.firstcoastnews.com/news/article/259403/483/FSU-trustees-approve-tuition-hike" target="_hplink">15 percent</a> across the board, but the actual cost is going up only 11.3 percent because fees aren't increasing at the same rate. Gov. Rick Scott said he is against tuition increases was, according to a spokesman, "confident [universities] can find a way to ... avoid tuition hikes that will put a greater financial strain on students and their families." He vetoed a bill that would've allowed the state's major universities to raise tuition without limits.
Hawaii - 35 to 46 Percent
When it comes to tuition increases, many states have scaled back this year. However, <a href="http://www.staradvertiser.com/news/breaking/132657263.html?id=132657263" target="_hplink">Hawaii is an exception</a>: <blockquote>[A]nnual tuition at UH-Manoa will rise by 35 percent over the next five years for a resident undergraduate student -- to $11,376 a year in 2016, from the current $8,400 a year. Tuition next year will rise by $264, to $8,664. Resident tuition at UH-West Oahu will go up 49 percent over five years, to $7,656 in 2016-2017, from $5,136 this year, equal to what UH-Hilo students would pay.</blockquote> Photo Credit: <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:UniversityHawaiiManoaCampusRoundtop.jpg" target="_hplink">Travis.Thurston</a>
Illinois - 4.5 Percent
The<a href="http://capitolfax.com/2012/06/08/big-cuts-for-education-while-prison-funding-is-restored/" target="_hplink"> state legislature in Illinois</a> slashed $152 million from the higher education budget, or about 6 percent. Western Illinois University approved a <a href="http://www.wgil.com/localnews.php?xnewsaction=fullnews&newsarch=062012&newsid=84" target="_hplink">4.5 percent increase</a> on tuition for next year. The University of Illinois <a href="http://herald-review.com/business/local/illinois-state-university-considers-percent-tuition-increase/article_2c1f7974-9a62-11e1-8eb1-0019bb2963f4.html" target="_hplink">approved</a> a 4.8 percent increase and Illinois State University sought a 4.4 increase. <em>Photo Credit: <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Alma_Mater,_Lorado_Taft.jpg" target="_hplink">Daniel Schwen</a></em>
Iowa - 3.75 Percent
The Board of Regents <a href="http://www.indystar.com/article/D2/20120601/NEWS02/306010031/Regents-Universities-will-make-extra-46-million-tuition-revenue?odyssey=nav|head" target="_hplink">approved a 3.75 percent tuition </a>increase this fall for the state's public universities. After having their funding from the state legislature slashed by 25 percent over the past three years. But this year, they're getting a $23 million increase from the state legislature.
Thanks to continued budget cuts, Louisiana students can expect to get some significant tuition increases and watch out for mid-year cuts. <a href="http://www.nola.com/politics/index.ssf/2012/06/university_of_louisiana_system.html" target="_hplink">According</a> to the <em>Times-Picayune</em>, since 2008, Gov. Bobby Jindal and state lawmakers have stripped nearly $427 million in state general funds from higher education. Nicholls State University lost $4.4 million, a 7.6 percent drop in funding from the state. They're hinting at tuition increases. The University of Louisiana System is got a cut this year of $55 million, and will likely implement tuition increases to avoid any layoffs. Community colleges will feel a pinch too. The Advocate <a href="http://theadvocate.com/home/3091481-125/colleges-poised-to-raise-tuition" target="_hplink">reports</a>: <blockquote>The Board of Supervisors at Louisiana Community and Technical Colleges ... approved an across-the-board 10 percent tuition increase at their 16 campuses, including the five technical college campuses in the Baton Rouge area.</blockquote> Photo Credit: <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lsuaerial.jpg" target="_hplink">Stuart Adams</a>
Maine - No Increase
The University of Maine system lost $2.3 million in state appropriations this year, but they <a href="http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-505245_162-57438555/u-maine-system-budget-with-no-tuition-hike-okd/" target="_hplink">decided against</a> implementing tuition hikes. Photo Credit: <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:UMaine_StevensHall.jpg" target="_hplink">NightThree</a>
Massachusetts - 4 Percent
The University of Massachusetts Board of Trustees plans to impose a 4.9 percent tuition hike, but Gov. Deval Patrick <a href="http://news.bostonherald.com/news/politics/view/20120606umass_panel_recommends_49_percent_tuition_hike_patrick_objects/" target="_hplink">objected the night</a> before they were to vote on it: <blockquote>"Like the rest of state government, UMass must demonstrate that it is doing more with less before asking more from students. And I am not convinced that UMass has yet done enough to find efficiencies and reduce costs so that any new revenue is dedicated to teaching and learning," Patrick wrote in his letter that was hand-delivered on the day of the vote.</blockquote> The Board passed it 10-2. Photo Credit:<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:UMass_Amherst_Pond.jpg" target="_hplink"> Lion Hirth</a>
Michigan - 3.95 Percent
Eastern Michigan University are getting a 3.95 percent tuition increase. The <em>Free Press</em> <a href="http://www.freep.com/article/20120619/NEWS06/120619052" target="_hplink">reported</a> on June 19: <blockquote>University of Michigan and Michigan Technological University will set tuition rates on Thursday. Michigan State University is expected to do so on Friday. Wayne State University is expected to set its rates June 27.</blockquote> Photo Credit: <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Biomedical_Science_Research_2010.jpg" target="_hplink">AndrewHorne</a>
Nebraska - 3.75 Percent
The University of Nebraska is considering <a href="http://lexch.com/news/regional/unl-tuition-hikes-outpacing-inflation/article_be5c43ae-ae52-11e1-9b0e-0019bb2963f4.html" target="_hplink">a 3.75 percent </a>tuition hike for next year. During the past four years, UNL students have seen their tuition increase by 15 percent -- more than double the rate of inflation: <blockquote>Looking back further, to 2000, tuition and fees have grown by 115 percent, or about three times the rate of inflation. During that time frame, the consumer price index rose 34 percent.</blockquote> Photo Credit: <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:University_of_Nebraska-Lincoln,_Hamilton_Hall.jpg" target="_hplink">Bkell</a>
When Gov. Chris Christie took office he imposed a 4 percent tuition increase cap. Then he decided he <a href="http://www.nj.com/news/index.ssf/2011/01/gov_christie_hopes_to_abolish.html" target="_hplink">didn't like that idea</a> a year later. Currently, New Jersey's public colleges have been in a bit of chaos as the<a href="http://www.nj.com/gloucester-county/index.ssf/2012/06/senate_panel_passes_rutgers-ro.html" target="_hplink"> state considers a major overhaul and merger</a>.
New York - 31 Percent Over 5 Years
City University of New York is <a href="http://thechoice.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/11/29/cuny-protests/" target="_hplink">currently raising tuition by 31 percent </a>over five years. Undergrads will pay $6,330 in 2015-16, with about $500 a year in additional fees. Despite being much lower than nearby public universities in the Northeast, students still took to the streets to protest. State University of New York is undergoing a <a href="http://www.bupipedream.com/news/7309/suny-tuition-to-increase-300-annually-over-next-five-years/" target="_hplink">similar five-year plan</a>. Photo Credit: <a href="http://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=309102482476333&set=a.309102479143000.75516.152766071443309&type=3&theater" target="_hplink">CUNY on Facebook</a>
Ohio - 3.5 Percent
Ohio State University, the University of Toledo and Cleveland State University are all planning a 3.5 percent tuition hike -- the maximum they are <a href="http://www.bizjournals.com/columbus/morning_call/2012/06/university-of-toledo-hikes-tuition-by.html" target="_hplink">allowed under state law</a>. Photo Credit: <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:University_Hall_UToledo.JPG" target="_hplink">Xurxo</a>
Oregon - 6.1 Percent
The University of Oregon will have a 6.1 percent tuition increase. However, with decreased fees, it will amount to a 5.9 percent increase. Students weren't happy about that and held protests on campus. Dozens of students <a href="http://www.kmtr.com/news/local/story/UO-students-protest-tuition-hikes-earn-meeting/ui1Pddx11E-7CrALWDkJ1Q.cspx" target="_hplink">made their way into the UO president's office</a> to voice their opposition to the tuition increase.
Pennsylvania - 3.9 to 10 Percent
Gov. Tom Corbett (R) put forward a budget proposal that<a href="http://pennbpc.org/pa-budget-will-spend-twice-much-prisons-higher-education" target="_hplink"> would cut the state's 14 public universities</a> by 20 percent in 2012-13, with a 34 percent reduction over two years. It's been met with <a href="http://www.post-gazette.com/stories/local/state/11-arrested-as-200-protest-governors-education-funding-637309/" target="_hplink">multiple protests</a>. The state spends nearly twice as much on corrections as it does on higher ed. When asked about <a href="http://philadelphia.cbslocal.com/2012/03/12/gov-corbett-defends-higher-education-funding-cuts-in-pennsylvania/" target="_hplink">the cuts to higher education in mid-March</a>, Corbett had this to say: <blockquote>"We are reducing the funding to education because we do not have the money -- it is that simple. And I ask anybody who talks about [the fact that] we're reducing education, from the education side, to tell me where would you have me take it from? Would you have me take from the social services? Would you have me take it from law enforcement?" </blockquote> Penn State's appropriation is now equal to the amount it received in 1995, and Corbett wants to cut their budget further by taking away 50 percent of what it received in their 2011-12 appropriation. Penn State students can expect to <a href="http://www.pamatters.com/2011/06/30/tuition-will-increase-at-pennsylvanias-14-state-owned-universities/" target="_hplink">pay 7.5 percent more</a> in tuition next year. It's the highest increase since 2002. The Morning Call <a href="http://articles.mcall.com/2012-05-27/news/mc-pa-state-college-tuition-20120518_1_state-universities-tuition-increases-tuition-hikes" target="_hplink">reports</a>: <blockquote>This year, in the face of record budget cuts, state-owned universities such as Kutztown and East Stroudsburg ratcheted up tuition by 7.5 percent while Temple University's tuition spiked 10 percent.</blockquote> The University of Pennsylvania will increase tuition by <a href="http://www.upenn.edu/almanac/volumes/v58/n23/tuition.html" target="_hplink">3.9 percent</a>. Photo Credit: <a href="http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Harrisburg_Pennsylvania_USA.jpg" target="_hplink">Pollinator</a>
South Carolina - 1 to 3.15 Percent
The University of South Carolina is planning <a href="http://www.charlotteobserver.com/2012/06/15/3321706_usc-to-hike-tuition-by-315-percent.html#storylink=cpy" target="_hplink">its smallest tuition hike</a> in recent years for in-state students, with a 3.15 percent increase. Out-of-state students will see a 4.9 percent increase, which is the largest tuition increase in the state this year. Despite the smaller increase this year, the price of tuition has more than doubled since 2002. The Charlotte <em>Observer</em> reports state support of USC Columbia has fallen to $90 million from $230 million since 2008. South Carolina State will have no change this year. Other South Carolina public colleges will increase tuition by 1 to 3 percent for next year. Coastal Carolina is actually reducing its tuition by 1 percent. Photo Credit:<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:WestQuad.jpg" target="_hplink"> Florencebballer</a>
South Dakota - 5.8 Percent
The average tuition increase this year <a href="http://madvilletimes.com/2012/05/south-dakota-has-regions-highest-tuition-increases/" target="_hplink">will be 5.8 percent</a>, the highest in the northern Midwestern Great Plains states. Photo Credit: <a href="http://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10150624980810939&set=a.10150624980665939.381444.267498065938&type=3&theater" target="_hplink">USD's Facebook</a>
Tennessee - 3.4 to 8 Percent
The University of Tennessee <a href="http://www.therepublic.com/view/story/f2ceabb8772d4a708f40a89905bbf54b/TN--UT-Tuition" target="_hplink">proposed tuition hikes</a> of 8 percent at the Knoxville campus, 6 percent at Chattanooga and Martin, and 4 percent at the Health Science Center. The Tennessee Board of Regents recommended tuition increases across the state. The AP <a href="http://www.wpsdlocal6.com/news/local/Tuition-hikes-recommended-at-Tennessee-colleges-158838055.html" target="_hplink">reports</a> East Tennessee State University would get the highest increase at 7.2 percent. Austin Peay was the lowest at 3.4 percent. Photo Credit: <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:UT-mall.jpg" target="_hplink">Zereshk</a>
Texas - 2.5 to 3.8 Percent
Students at the University of Texas could be <a href="http://www.chron.com/news/article/A-amp-M-UT-tuition-hikes-3524968.php" target="_hplink">facing tuition increases </a>of between 2.5 percent to 3.8 percent in the coming years. The Houston <em>Chronicle </em>reports "that would mean an increase from the current $4,896 per semester to $5,154 by fall 2013. Non-resident students would see tuition jump from $16,190 per semester to $17,377 by fall 2013." But the UT Board of Regents voted not to implement tuition hikes, leading a <a href="http://www.burntorangereport.com/diary/12249/aggie-governor-who-cannot-count-to-three-trying-to-oust-university-of-texas-president" target="_hplink">faceoff between UT president Bill Powers and the board</a>. The Texas Legislature deregulated tuition in 2003.
Virginia - 3.7 to 4.7 Percent
The University of Virginia's Board of Visitors <a href="http://www.virginia.edu/uvatoday/newsRelease.php?id=18076" target="_hplink">approved the smallest increase</a> in a decade for in-state tuition and mandatory fees with a 3.7 percent hike. The high from the past decade was in 2004 when they implemented a 19 percent increase. <a href="http://hamptonroads.com/2012/05/va-tech-instate-tuition-increase-39-percent" target="_hplink">Virginia Tech increased tuition</a> by 3.9 percent. Virginia State University decided in a special meeting to lowered the increase in tuition and all mandatory fees from 6.6 percent to 4.7 percent for in state Virginia undergraduates. Gov. Bob McDonnell urged the state's universities to <a href="http://www2.timesdispatch.com/news/state-news/2012/may/23/tdmet05-vsu-lowers-tuition-increase-ar-1935437/" target="_hplink">keep increases at or below the Consumer Price Index</a> (2.7 Percent) which is lower than the Higher Education Price Index.
Washington State University is raising tuition by 16 percent for the <a href="http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/education/2018144362_tuition05m.html" target="_hplink">second year in a row</a>. The University of Washington plans a 16 percent increase after raising tuition 20 percent last year. The AP reports Western, Eastern and Central Washington universities, and The Evergreen State College, all made two-year tuition decisions last summer after the Legislature decided to put tuition increases of up to 16 percent into the state's two-year budget.
West Virginia - 5 Percent
West Virginia University students are looking at a 5 percent tuition bump. However, the total cost per semester for in-state residents will only be $3,045 <a href="http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-505245_162-57449091/wvu-board-oks-5-percent-tuition-increase/" target="_hplink">after the increase</a>: <blockquote>The increases are slightly smaller at Potomac State College in Keyser and the WVU Institute of Technology in Montgomery. Both resident and nonresident undergraduates at Potomac State will pay $72 more per semester. At WVU Tech, residents will pay $107 more per semester, while nonresidents will pay $268 more. The board also approved a one-time fee of $63 per semester to replace all the individual course fees that students were once charged.</blockquote> Photo Credit: <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Woodburn_hall_wvu.jpg" target="_hplink">Swimmerguy269</a>
Wisconsin - 5.5 Percent
If the Board of Regents approves a <a href="http://www.jsonline.com/news/education/uwmadison-tuition-would-top-10000-if-increase-okd-kj5lae6-156998885.html" target="_hplink">5.5 percent increase</a>, the University of Wisconsin-Madison tuition and fees may top $10,000 for in-state students, and UW-Milwaukee would be close behind. It would be the 6th consecutive year UW System President Kevin Reilly has recommended a 5.5 percent increase for all UW campuses: <blockquote>Higher tuition has helped offset less than a third of state funding cuts, according to UW System officials. Universities gained savings from state budget provisions that imposed higher costs on state employees for benefits. They also gained savings through flexibilitities from state rules regarding purchasing, contracts and other areas.</blockquote> Photo Credit: <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Memorial_Union_and_quadrangle.jpg" target="_hplink">Vonbloompasha </a>