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Michigan Proposal 2 Results: Voters Reject Collective Bargaining Amendment

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FILE - In a Tuesday, March 8, 2011 file photo, protestors stand outside the state Capitol in Lansing, Mich. objecting to proposed legislation that would authorize emergency financial managers to throw out union contracts. On election day, Michigan voters rejected Proposal 2, which would have enshrined collective bargaining in the state's constitution. (AP Photo/The Detroit News, David Coates, File) | AP

In a major blow to Michigan unions, voters rejected a proposal that would have amended the state's constitution to guarantee public and private-sector employees the right to organize and collectively bargain at the polls Tuesday. Proposal 2 failed at the polls with 58 percent of voters opposing the measure and only 42 percent supporting it, with 70 percent of precincts responding, according to the Detroit News and the Detroit Free Press.

Gov. Rick Snyder, State Attorney General Bill Schuette and the Michigan Chamber of Commerce were among those who opposed the union-backed measure.

If Proposal 2 had become an amendment, it would have voided existing and future laws restricting workers' ability to organize unions, or to negotiate and enforce collective bargaining agreements, including employees’ financial support of their labor unions. But it still would have permitted lawmakers to pass legislation prohibiting public employees from striking. The measure would have also overridden state laws regulating hours and conditions of employment to the extent that those laws conflicted with collective bargaining agreements.

Big bucks went into campaigning both for and against the issue. According to the Michigan Campaign Finance Network, opponents had raised $25.9 million to defeat Proposal 2 as of October 26. Those supporting the measure raised $21.9 million over the same period of time.

The ballot push for a constitutional amendment was in-part an attempt by a coalition of unions to sidestep the power of state-appointed emergency managers to modify or terminate contracts under Michigan's Public Act 4. It would also have served as a safeguard against anti-union right-to-work laws.

The voter initiative had initially been kept off the ballot in August due to a 2-2 deadlock by Michigan's Board of State Canvassers. A September ruling by the Michigan Supreme Court, however, allowed voters to decide the matter.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Michigan had the nation's fifth-highest level of union membership in 2011, with 18.3 percent of the state's workforce belonging to a union.

For all of HuffPost Detroit's coverage of Michigan politics and election news, see the Detroit politics page.

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