NEW YORK -- The lawyers suing the New York Police Department over its stop-and-frisk policy said the federal case's March 18 court date will kick off the "trial of the century" over what they allege is a racially discriminatory policy.
Noting that blacks and Latinos were 87 percent of those stopped in 2011 and 2012, though they made up only 53 percent of the city's population, Vince Warren, executive director of the Center for Constitutional Rights, rolled out the legal strategy on Wednesday. His group brought the lawsuit on behalf of anyone who has been illegally stopped by police in New York in violation of the Fourth and 14th Amendments.
"They would rather fight a lawsuit than switch to a constitutional form of policing," Warren said of the NYPD. "They would rather make this the trial of the century than be part of the solution of the century. So we are putting the NYPD on trial."
The Police Department has steadfastly defended its stop-and-frisk policy as an essential crime-fighting tool that helps curb gun violence. Police Commissioner Ray Kelly said during a New York City Council hearing on Tuesday that stop-and-frisk is "part of the normal function of police officers."
Pointing to the city's declining crime rates -- and declining civilian complaints about police -- Kelly said, "Something is going right here, and I would respectfully suggest that we ought to continue to do the things we are doing to keep the city safe."
But the department has apparently modified how often it uses the tactic, in which officers stop, question and frisk people out on the street -- in theory only after the officers suspect specific wrongdoing. The NYPD stopped 533,042 people in 2012, a 22 percent drop compared to 2011.
The Center for Constitutional Rights contends that the NYPD's practices disproportionately affect people of color, even allowing for higher crime rates in black and Latino neighborhoods. It hopes to force the NYPD to curb -- though not end -- its use of the practice following community consultation.
The judge in the federal case, Floyd v. City of New York, is the same one who briefly halted a component of stop-and-frisk that targets Bronx buildings in a separate lawsuit brought by the New York Civil Liberties Union. U.S. District Judge Shira Scheindlin's ultimate decision on stop-and-frisk will apply to both cases.
David Ourlicht, a 25-year-old New Yorker who is one of the named plaintiffs in the Center for Constitutional Rights case, said he hopes that it will mean he's never stopped again. He recounted an incident in which nine officers appeared out of the blue and pulled guns on him as he kept a friend company during a smoke break in Harlem.
"These things are all too familiar to people of color in the city. It's an issue that I've been dealing with since I was 15, and it hurts," Ourlicht said. "When I have kids, I don't want them to have to feel that."
UPDATE: 12:03 p.m., March 14 -- The New York City Law Department sent along a statement from Celeste Koeleveld, Executive Assistant Corporation Counsel for Public Safety:
All of the NYPD's policing practices -- including making arrests, conducting investigations, and detaining and questioning people who act suspiciously -- are directed at preventing crime and promoting public safety citywide.
Consistent with those goals, the Police Department focuses its efforts in areas where crime is highest. Minorities are overwhelmingly the victims of violent crime in New York City, and the neighborhoods in which they live demand and deserve the Police Department's attention. Precinct by precinct, the rates at which minorities are stopped are consistent with the rates at which minorities are identified as crime suspects. That statistic, not the census, is the appropriate benchmark for analyzing police enforcement activity.
Furthermore, police officers must be able to stop and question people who act suspiciously in order to do their jobs. The NYPD remains fully committed to doing so lawfully, and its robust training policies are a testament to that. We will vigorously defend the City at trial.
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When we asked Caleb, 15, of Fort Greene, if he'd ever been stopped and frisked, he responded, "Nah, but most of my friends have. Only a matter of time, I guess."
Three weeks into a year's vow of silence, Matthew Swaye wrote on a piece of paper that he'd been arrested five times protesting stop-and-frisk since Oct. 21. Asked why he'd taken his vow, he wrote, "Men talking too much. :)"
New York City Council Member Daniel Dromm's district has the third-highest rate of stop-and-frisks in the city. People in his district had been stopped by police 18,000 times in 2011, he said. "It's outrageous and has a chilling effect," he said. Along Roosevelt Avenue, he added, cops targeted LGBT residents, disproportionately accusing them of prostitution. Dromm was joined at the protest Sunday by members of The Campaign To Stop False Arrests.
Ernest Johnston, of Harlem, said four years ago, a cop mistook him for somebody else and pulled a gun. The case of mistaken identity was cleared up, but it rattled him. Johnston is now an activist concerned with the stretch of Lexington Avenue between 110th and 125th Streets, which he says has the highest concentration of former prisoners re-entering society, often with criminal records that prevent them from getting jobs and housing.
George Mack, of South Jamaica, said Mayor Bloomberg, Police Commissioner Ray Kelly and City Council Speaker Christine Quinn are "trying to criminalize my children."
Richard said he was beat up by cops in 1996 and then charged with assaulting a police officer. His case went to trial and he was acquitted of the assault charge. <strong>Correction: A previous version of this article incorrectly stated that the assault charges were dismissed.</strong>
Carol Porteous said she's scared that her 15-year-old son will be harassed.
Reverend Michael Ellick of Judson Memorial Church is one of the founders of <a href="http://occupyfaithnyc.com/" target="_hplink">Occupy Faith</a>, an offshoot of the Occupy Wall Street movement. He said that ever since 9/11, "security" in New York has trumped everything else.
All this woman holding a Trayvon Martin sign would say is, "No justice, no peace."
Marty Brod, a New York native and World War II veteran, said Bloomberg's NYPD was creating a "police state." Stop-and-frisk, he said, is "demeaning" and doesn't reduce crime.
Kevin (right) said he'd been arrested twice in one week on charges that were later dismissed.