Though cities such as Chicago and Mexico's Ciudad Juarez hold reputations as hubs of gun violence, neither sniffs the top 10 in this year's ranking of the most violent cities in the world, according to a recent study by the Citizen Council for Public Safety and Criminal Justice.

For the second year in a row, San Pedro Sula, Honduras holds on to the infamous top spot as the most violent city in the world, with 169 homicides per 100,000 habitants. And much to the chagrin of the region, all 10 of the globe's most violent destinations remain in Latin America.

The study is published by the Citizen Council for Public Safety and Criminal Justice (Consejo Ciudadano para la Seguridad Pública y la Justicia Penal), a private organization and part of the Mexican Employers' Association. The organization bases its ranking off of official homicide statistics provided by local governments, though as the New York Daily News notes, cities in the Middle East were not included in the report.

Just five countries in the list comprise the top 10: Brazil, Colombia, Honduras, Mexico and Venezuela. Brazil had 15 cities rank in the top 50, the most of any country.

The first U.S. city to appear on the list is New Orleans, ranking at No. 17. Other American cities in the top 50 included Detroit at No. 21; St. Louis at No. 40; Baltimore at No. 41; and Oakland, Calif. at No. 43.

While discussing the report, the Citizen Council's president argued that gun restriction laws won't do much to curb violence in large cities, echoing the sentiments of those who oppose gun control efforts in the U.S.

"Prohibitions [on gun ownership] do not affect violent criminals who, ultimately, have a way of getting their hands on weapons," Jose Antonio Ortega said, according to a translation by ABC News. "They only disarm innocent people and leave them at the mercy of criminals."

Mexico, as Univision notes, has only one legal gun shop in the entire country. But since its drug war began under previous president Felipe Calderon, the country has seen an estimated 60,000 killed in drug-related violence.

Ciudad Juárez, Mexico, saw a significant drop in the rankings from the previous year, La Crónica de Hoy writes, as the notorious city dropped from the second-most violent city in 2011 to No. 19 in 2012. Despite the improvement along the border, Mexico's Pacific Coast vacation spot of Acapulco moved up from No. 4 in 2011 to No. 2 in 2012.

Check out the 10 most violent cities in the slideshow below.

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  • No. 10: João Pessoa, Brazil

    Slum district in Joao Pessoa, Paraiba, Brazil. (Getty)

  • No. 9: Barquisimeto, Venezuela

    Members of the National Guard take shelter before a riot in front of the prison Uribana, in Barquisimeto, Lara state, Venezuela, on January 25, 2013. (Photo credit should read -/AFP/Getty Images)

  • No. 8: Nuevo Laredo, Mexico

    The new chief of Public Security of Nuevo Laredo (north of Mexico, borde with the US) Alejandro Dominguez Coello lies dead in his car, 08 June 2005. (RAUL LLAMAS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • No. 7: Cali, Colombia

    A drug addict smokes crack in 'El Calvario', a place where drug addicts come together to consume drugs, in downtown in Cali, department of Valle del Cauca, Colombia, on April 3, 2013. (LUIS ROBAYO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • No. 6: Maceió, Brazil

    Radio Patrol Battalion (RP) military policemen patrol during an operation at the Brejal shantytown in Maceio, northeastern Brazil on March 12, 2012. (ANTONIO SCORZA/AFP/Getty Images)

  • No. 5: Torreón, Mexico

    A member of Mexican federal police and paramedics help an injured man in the main entrance of the El Siglo de Torreon Newspaper, in Torreon, Coahuila State, on February 27, 2013. (AFP/Getty Images)

  • No. 4: Distrito Central, Honduras

    Honduran soldiers man a checkpoint during a joint police-army security operation in Tegucigalpa, on February 10, 2013. (ORLANDO SIERRA/AFP/Getty Images)

  • No. 3: Caracas, Venezuela

    Riot police shadow a march of university students going along one of the main streets of Caracas, March, 15, 2011. (JUAN BARRETO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • No. 2: Acapulco, Mexico

    A suspected drug-related execution victim lies on Acapulco's famous Caleta Beach on March 4, 2012 in Acapulco, Mexico. (John Moore/Getty Images)

  • No. 1: San Pedro Sula, Honduras

    The bodies of six men murdered by suspected gang members lie in the parking lot of Ramon Villeda Morales Airport in San Pedro Sula, 240 kms north of Tegucigalpa in October 14, 2011. (STR/AFP/Getty Images)