A new university-led program is shaking up sex education in one Cleveland community.
Kids are the sex education teachers in an after-school peer educator program started by Case Western Reserve University's Infectious Disease Alliance. The program has trained teens from high schools in and around Cleveland's Glenville neighborhood to educate other students about sexually transmitted infections and birth control, said Amanda Healan, Co-director of the grant-funded alliance and faculty member at the university.
The program contrasts with other attempts to educate teens about sex. Earlier this month, an adult presenter in a Tennessee classroom made questionable claims that a new STI is as deadly as AIDS and that life begins at conception. The Cleveland peer educators, however, take a more open approach, as high schoolers talk to high schoolers about topics that include dental dams and favored condoms, according to an article in The Plain Dealer. Sex education in Glenville High School, however, is often inconsistent, depending on the year and teacher, said Healan.
The Infectious Disease Alliance started the program after noticing the high rate of STIs in the low-income Glenville neighborhood, and getting positive responses from neighborhood groups about the idea of more sex education, Healan told The Huffington Post. The Case Western Reserve organization, which researches local infectious disease needs, set up an application process to hire peer educators, who are paid for the work. The idea is that the peer educators can influence other students on the topic of safe sex.
There are currently four peer educators. All participated in intense training last summer. They've spent the school year meeting with adults from the Infectious Disease Alliance to work on projects, volunteer at the health clinic next to Glenville High School and give presentations about safe sex for local community centers, said Healan.
The Plain Dealer spoke to one peer educator, 18-year-old Destiny White, about working at the health clinic's “teen night,” where adolescents get tested for STIs and receive sexual health services. After teens are examined, White gives them a gift kit, which includes condoms, hand sanitizer and supportive notes. She spoke to the reporter about making sex education fun for teens by doing things like tasting flavored condoms.
Healan said the Infectious Disease Alliance and its programs have been welcomed by parents.
“The parents are aware of what's going on as far as sexual activity of young people,“ said Healan. “They share our concerns, they were really open to collaborating to try and reduce these numbers" of STIs.
"I think we’re in a good position to rapport with our next round of peer educators," Healan said. "We’re in a much better place than we were a year ago. I'm really excited to continue momentum we’ve created over last year."
CORRECTION: A previous version of this post incorrectly stated that Amanda Healan was a doctoral student and program manager of the ID Alliance.
Earlier on HuffPost:
According to the “Educating Our Children” section of <a href="http://www.scribd.com/doc/98440774/2012-Platform-Final">Texas Republican Party 2012 Platform</a>, “corporal punishment is effective.” Furthermore, the document recommends teachers be given "more authority" to <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/06/27/texas-republican-party-2012-platform-education_n_1632097.html">deal with disciplinary problems</a>.
The proposal’s most radical position, however, <a href="http://www.reddit.com/r/politics/comments/vo26x/texas_gop_we_oppose_the_teaching_of_higher_order/">opposes the teaching of "higher order thinking skills"</a> -- a curriculum which strives to encourage critical thinking -- arguing that it <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/06/27/texas-republican-party-2012-platform-education_n_1632097.html">might challenge "student's fixed beliefs"</a> and undermine "parental authority."
One school participating in Louisiana's voucher program notes that its students "will be <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/07/31/louisiana-voucher-program_n_1724259.html">expected to defend creationism through evidence presented by the Bible</a> versus traditional scientific theory."
According to <em>Mother Jones</em>, <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/blue-marble/2012/07/photos-evangelical-curricula-louisiana-tax-dollars">many of the Christian schools</a> rely on <a href="http://www.abeka.com/">A Beka Book</a> curriculum or <a href="http://www.bjupress.com/page/Home">Bob Jones University Press</a> textbooks to teach their students “the <a href="http://www.abeka.com/OurFoundation.aspx">accumulated wisdom of the past from a biblical worldview</a>.” Here are some <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/08/08/crazy-facts-students-will_n_1758003.html">examples</a>:
"Bible-believing Christians cannot accept any evolutionary interpretation. <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/blue-marble/2012/07/photos-evangelical-curricula-louisiana-tax-dollars">Dinosaurs and humans were definitely on the earth at the same time</a> and may have even lived side by side within the past few thousand years." — <em>Life Science</em>, 3rd ed., Bob Jones University Press, 2007
Gay people "have no more claims to <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/blue-marble/2012/07/photos-evangelical-curricula-louisiana-tax-dollars">special rights than child molesters or rapists</a>." — <em>Teacher's Resource Guide to Current Events for Christian Schools, 1998-1999</em>, Bob Jones University Press, 1998
In April, Tennessee lawmakers added language to the state’s abstinence-only sex education curriculum that <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/04/08/tennessee-sex-education-b_n_1411100.html">warns against “gateway sexual activity.”</a> Although Senate Bill 3310 does not specify what constitutes "gateway sexual activity,” many have interpreted the phrase to dissuade anything that has potential to lead to sex -- including kissing, hand-holding and cuddling. The bill is a response to recent controversies over sex-ed lessons in some Tennessee school districts that mentioned alternatives to sexual intercourse. "'Abstinence' means from all of these activities, and we want to promote that," said Republican state Sen. Jack Johnson, the bill's sponsor. "What we do <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/04/08/tennessee-sex-education-b_n_1411100.html">want to communicate to the kids is that the best choice is abstinence</a>."
In March, the Utah state Senate passed a bill that would <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/03/07/utah-passes-bill-allowing_n_1326777.html">permit schools to eliminate sex education</a>, prohibit instruction on how to use contraception and bar discussion of homosexuality in class. Many senators spoke out in support of the bill, claiming sex education is meant for the home, not school. Utah Gov. Gary Herbert eventually <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/03/17/utah-governor-vetoes-bill_n_1355053.html">vetoed the controversial bill</a>. Spurred on by the impassioned Utah sex education debate, Republican state Sen. Stuart Reid is now sponsoring a bill that would <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/10/22/utah-senator-stuart-reid-_n_1989793.html?utm_hp_ref=education">require the state school board to develop a sex education program for parents</a>, so that they might feel better equipped to teach their children about sex in the privacy of their own homes.
A 2011 Mississippi law <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/07/30/mississippi-sex-education_n_1719882.html">required some sort of sex education in all school systems beginning this academic year</a>. Local districts had the option of deciding whether to adopt an abstinence-only or an abstinence-plus policy for sex education. Abstinence-plus teaches safe-sex practices, contraception and causes and effects of sexually transmitted diseases in addition to abstinence. More than <a href="http://www.sacbee.com/2012/10/13/4910033/sex-education-in-mississippi-classrooms.html">80 of the state's 151 districts opted for abstinence-only curriculums</a>, while three chose to adopt split policies, teaching abstinence-only to younger students and abstinence-plus to older grades. Students must receive parental permission to take the courses and boys and girls take the classes separately.
In April, Arizona Republican Gov. Jan Brewer signed legislation requiring the state Board of Education to design a high school elective course for public and charter school students titled "The Bible and its influence on Western Culture," which would include <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/04/19/arizona-bible-course-bill_n_1437484.html">lessons on the history, literature and influence of the Old and New testaments on laws, government and culture</a>, among other aspects of society.
A measure passed in recent years required Virginia’s Board of Education to design course materials in line with the <a href="http://www.doe.virginia.gov/boe/guidance/safety/school_gun_safety_elementary.pdf">National Rifle Association's Eddie Eagle GunSafe Program guidelines</a> to teach elementary students about gun safety. The curriculum includes <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/09/22/virginia-school-districts_n_976126.html">lessons ranging from distinguishing those who use guns professionally to recognizing and catching firearms on school property</a>. Individual districts had the option of deciding whether to adopt the curriculum.
In July 2011, Democratic Gov. Jerry Brown signed a bill making <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/07/06/california-gay-textbooks-_n_891464.html">California the first state to require public schools to teach lessons on historical and current contributions of gays and lesbians</a>. According to <em>USA Today</em>, the new law mandates the California Board of Education and local school districts <a href="http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/nation/2011-07-14-california-teaching-gay-history-schools_n.htm">adopt textbooks and other teaching materials that include the contributions of sexual minorities as soon as the 2013-14 school year</a>. The legislation does not specify a grade level for instruction to begin, and leaves implementation up to local school boards.
Around the same time that California’s landmark bill was signed, <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/07/18/new-york-city-teaching-ga_n_901876.html">summer school teachers in New York City began teaching about same-sex marriage</a> in civics classes. According to the <em>New York Post</em>, city education officials are looking to follow in California's footsteps and formally include it into city schools' curriculum, though a <a href="http://www.nypost.com/p/news/local/gay_nups_become_class_act_xcxuOGG9Vsz1y0C98mUm5J#ixzz1SSJoMfkQ">timeline is yet to be determined</a>.
In July 2011, Indiana school officials announced that <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/07/07/indiana-schools-no-longer_n_892377.html">students would no longer be required to learn cursive writing</a>, effective Fall 2011.
Hawaii / North Carolina
Following Indiana, Hawaii <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/08/01/hawaii-no-longer-requires_n_915402.html">dropped cursive writing from its mandatory school curriculum</a>. Going into the 2011-12 school year, the state adopted the national Common Core State Standards, a set of education standards that omits cursive but includes keyboard proficiency. Now, principals decide whether their schools teach cursive. Pitt County Schools in North Carolina recently followed suit, no longer requiring its students to learn cursive writing. According to Assistant Superintendent Cheryl Olmstead, a <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/11/05/pitt-county-schools-in-no_n_2079608.html">team of educators is working to figure out where to fit cursive writing into the curriculum so that students will have a recognizable signature</a>. She says the district hopes to have a plan in place next year.