Tuition for in-state students at public colleges rose faster than nonresident rates, according to a new report from the U.S. Department of Education released this week.
Between the 2010-11 and 2012-13 academic years, resident tuition rates rose for students at public universities by 6.7 percent, while out-of-state tuition increased by 4.1 percent, the report found.
The difference between the growth of in-state and out-of-state tuition can be attributed to declining support from state legislatures, which a New York Federal Reserve study found accelerates tuition increases at public universities.
Tuition rates at public colleges are highly discounted for in-state residents, whose educations have been subsidized by state appropriations. Nonresidents typically pay the full cost of tuition. The goal of such policies has been to create a student body at public universities that consists largely of people from that state.
However, states are still not spending as much on educating college students as they were in 2008, leading some universities to seek out a larger number of out-of-state students to make up budget gaps. The result is that more out-of-state residents take the spaces that would otherwise go to poor and minority students.
The report also found that the cost for room and board had increased at a slightly faster rate at public schools (2.6 percent) than at private universities (2 percent). However, the average cost of living on campus, $8,652, was still higher than the average cost of tuition at public colleges, $7,526. The cost of room and board at private schools remains comparable, but falls far short of the average tuition of $24,256. The figures for room and board do not include the cost of books and supplies, which is on average between $1,200 and $1,700.
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University Of Virginia - 29 Percent
<em>EDITOR'S NOTE: Information in the slideshow on percentage of out-of-state students enrolled comes <a href="https://bigfuture.collegeboard.org/college-university-search/university-of-virginia?searchType=bf_site&q=&bf_cat=bf_" target="_blank">via The College Board</a>, and are based on the school system's flagship campus as of 2011-12, unless otherwise noted.</em>
University Of Illinois - 33 Percent
The Daily Illini <a href="http://www.dailyillini.com/article/2012/09/uis-international-enrollment-at-record-high" target="_hplink">reports</a> about 28,000 students on the campus are Illinois residents, which is about 66 percent of the overall student body, according to the University's Division of Management Information. This year they've seen a record number of international students and out-of-state residents.
Arizona State University - 32 Percent
University Of Iowa - 49 Percent
<em>Students listen to President Barack Obama speaks at the University of Iowa Field House, Wednesday, April 25, 2012, in Iowa City, Iowa. (AP Photo/Charlie Neibergall)</em>
University Of Minnesota - 33 Percent
University Of Missouri - 30 Percent
<em>Missouri head coach Frank Haith addresses the crowd gathered at Mizzou Arena to kick off their NCAA Tournament selection party in Mizzou Arena Sunday, March 11, 2012, in Columbia, Mo.</em>
University Of Arizona - 36 Percent
Pennsylvania State University - 40 Percent
<em>Penn State football fans cheer the Penn State football team as they arrive at Beaver Stadium for their NCAA college football season opener against Ohio in State College, Pa., Saturday, Sept. 1, 2012. (AP Photo/Gene J. Puskar)</em>
University Of Texas at Austin - 9 Percent
Information via<a href="https://bigfuture.collegeboard.org/college-university-search/university-of-texas-at-austin" target="_hplink"> The College Board</a>
Rutgers University - 11 Percent
<em>Sen. Frank Lautenberg, D-N.J., looks around at the Rutgers-Camden campus in Camden, N.J., Thursday, May 3, 2012.</em>
University Of Massachusetts - 26 Percent
Photo Credit: <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sarah_L._Arnold_House.jpg" target="_hplink">Ktr101</a>
Florida State University - 11 Percent
The Ohio State University - 18 Percent
<em>Republican vice presidential candidate, Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., plays cornhole during a tailgate party at the The Ohio State University-Miami University of Ohio football game, Saturday, Sept. 1, 2012, at Ohio Stadium in Columbus, Ohio. (AP Photo/Mary Altaffer)</em>
University Of Florida - 4 Percent
University Of Wisconsin - 38 Percent
<em>FILE -- In a June 14, 2011 file photo University of Wisconsin-Madison chancellor Carolyn "Biddy" Martin announces her resignation in Madison, Wis. After clashing with Gov. Scott Walker Martin stepped down to take the presidency at Amherst College. (AP Photo/Wisconsin State Journal, Craig Schreiner, file)</em>
Indiana State University - 12 Percent
Photo Credit: <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:ISU_Student_Recreation_Center.jpg" target="_hplink">Tcampbell</a>
University Of California, Berkeley - 25 Percent
<em>File - In this Dec. 14, 2011 file photo, University of California, Berkeley Chancellor Robert Birgeneau smiles during a news conference in Berkeley, Calif. The chancellor said he planned to step down as head of the world-renowned campus at year's end. (AP Photo/Paul Sakuma, File)</em>
San Diego State University - 8 Percent
<em>San Diego State athletic director Jim Sterk, right, listens as university President Elliot Hirshman, left, speaks during a news conference Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2011, in San Diego. (AP Photo/Gregory Bull)</em>