Legislation introduced in both the Senate and the House of Representatives could pull hundreds of thousands of the country's working poor out of poverty, according to a new study by the nonpartisan Center on Budget and Policy Priorities.
The legislation in question would alter the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), a wage supplement for low-income families, by lowering the eligibility age to 21 for childless workers and raising the maximum credit available to all. Doing so, according to the study, would lift more than 300,000 people out of poverty.
As of today, all childess workers under the age of 25 are ineligible for the EITC.
The EITC brought 3.1 million children above the poverty line in 2011 and generated as much as $1.50 in additional earnings for every dollar spent on the program, according to a report by the Brookings Institute, a nonprofit research organization.
Yet CBPP claims that the credit "entirely" misses many low-income workers and offers only partial support to others. A childless adult under the age of 25 years old, for example, doesn't receive any EITC, even if he is working full-time at the minimum wage and earning only $14,500 per year.
Low-income young men, whose labor-force participation rates were hit hard during the recession, are among those who stand to benefit most from a potential EITC expansion, according to the CBPP. Inflation-adjusted median earnings for a male high-school dropout with a full-time job fell by 10 percent between 1991 and 2011, CBPP notes.
Other organizations have argued that an increase to the minimum wage is another policy solution that would lift many Americans out of poverty. A study by the Restaurant Opportunities Centers United, a national organization focusing on racial equity in the restaurant industry, discovered that a $10 hourly minimum wage would push more than half of the country's working poor out of poverty.
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When the economy was roaring in 2007, the U.S. unemployment rate <a href="http://www.bls.gov/spotlight/2012/recession/pdf/recession_bls_spotlight.pdf">was 5 percent</a>. In January 2013 the unemployment rate <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/02/01/january-jobs-report-unemployment-rate_n_2597751.html">was 7.9 percent</a>.
Income And Wages
The U.S. median <a href="http://money.cnn.com/2012/09/12/news/economy/median-income-poverty/index.html">income fell to $50,054 in 2011</a>, which is the most recent full year in which that data is available. That's down 8.1 percent since 2007. Wages also fell to a record-low <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/13/sunday-review/americas-productivity-climbs-but-wages-stagnate.html?_r=0">43.5 percent of the economy</a> in 2012, according to the New York Times. Meanwhile, corporate profits are still booming.
Number Of People On Food Stamps
The number of Americans on food stamps <a href="http://www.cnbc.com/id/48898378/Record_46_Million_Americans_Are_on_Food_Stamps">surged to a record in 46 million </a>in June 2012. That's compared to <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/31/us/31foodstamps.html">26.5 million in 2007</a>.
More<a href="http://www.kaiserhealthnews.org/stories/2012/september/12/census-number-of-uninsured-drops.aspx"> than 16 percent of Americans</a> -- or 48.6 million people -- were uninsured in 2011, according to Kaiser Health News. This number is higher than what it was in 2007, when the share of uninsured Americans was <a href="http://www.nbcnews.com/id/26404454/#.UTYwAnyfHEl">15.3 percent</a>.
Student Loan Debt
The average student loan debt for a class of <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2012/10/18/education/report-says-average-student-loan-debt-is-up-to-26500.html">2011 graduate was about $26,500</a>, according to the Project on Student Debt data cited by the New York Times. Since 2007, when the<a href="http://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2012/09/26/a-record-one-in-five-households-now-owe-student-loan-debt/"> average student debt was $23,349</a>, student loan debt has increased for almost every demographic and the size of that debt has gone up as well, according to Pew.
In 2011,<a href="http://usnews.nbcnews.com/_news/2012/01/18/10177017-homeless-numbers-down-but-risks-rise?lite"> 644,067 Americans experienced homelessness</a> on any given night, according to data from the National Alliance to End Homelessness cited by NBC News. Though that number is <a href="http://www.endhomelessness.org/library/entry/the-state-of-homelessness-in-america-2012">actually down 13 percent from 2007</a>, the decrease is largely attributed to a boost in the number of programs to help keep the homeless off the streets.
Children In Poverty
More <a href="http://www.census.gov/prod/2012pubs/p60-244.pdf">than 16 million children</a> -- or about 20 percent of American children -- were in poverty in 2011, according to the Census Bureau. That's up from nearly <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/01/03/child-poverty-20-percent_n_1181548.html">18 percent of American children</a> in 2007.
We're on our way to becoming a renter nation. The homeownership rate in the 12 months leading up to May 2012 was <a href="http://money.cnn.com/2012/04/30/real_estate/home-ownership/index.htm">65.4 percent</a>, according to Census Bureau data cited by CNNMoney. That's the lowest rate in 15 years. In the last quarter of 2007, the homeownership rate was <a href="http://www.census.gov/housing/hvs/files/qtr312/q312press.pdf">67.8 percent</a>.
There were <a href="http://money.cnn.com/2012/01/12/real_estate/foreclosures/index.htm">2.7 million foreclosures</a> in 2011. That's up <a href="http://www.realtytrac.com/content/press-releases/us-foreclosure-activity-increases-75-percent-in-2007-3604">from 2.2 million foreclosures in 2007</a>.