Google is celebrating what would have been biophysicist Rosalind Franklin's 93rd birthday with a Google Doodle. Franklin was a pioneer in DNA and RNA research, and her data was used to create the hypothesis for the double-helix structure of DNA.
Franklin's work and research on DNA helped guide James Watson and Francis Crick to their 1962 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, but she was not a recipient as she had passed away of ovarian cancer four years prior, at the age of 37. In 2008, Scientific American named Franklin one of the top 10 Nobel Prize snubs of all time. Franklin took X-ray photographs of DNA and came close to uncovering the chemical's structure in the 1950s.
The Google Doodle shows an illustration of Franklin looking at a DNA double helix and her famous image of DNA, Photo 51. Google has honored many female scientists in the past, including the first computer programmer, Ada Lovelace, and naturalist Maria Sibylla Merian.
Today, Rosalind Franklin's legacy lives on through Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science in Chicago. Originally the Chicago Hospital-College of Medicine, the school changed its name to honor Franklin in 2002. The school's seal is based on Photo 51.