Thirty undocumented immigrants who lived part of their lives in the United States attempted to cross back into the country on Monday through a legal port of entry at Laredo, Texas.
The event marked the second time in three months that a group of undocumented immigrants crosses through a legal port of entry into the United States and surrenders themselves to U.S. immigration authorities as an unprecedented form of protest against the Obama administration’s record-setting deportations.
By mid-day Monday, the 30 protesters clad in caps and gowns and chanting “Undocumented! Unafraid!” had assembled on the Mexican side of the border at Nuevo Laredo, where they livestreamed the event. The stream only functioned intermittently, however.
“These kids are de facto Americans. They have grown up in the United States and call it their home," Claudia Munoz, an organizer with the National Immigrant Youth Alliance in Texas, said in a press release. "They are asking the administration to bring them home.”
One of the participants, Javier Gavilán, 16, has tried to cross the border illegally three times with his parents, according to El Nuevo Herald. One attempt cost the family $4,500 per person. All attempts failed.
“I have a lot of faith that I’m going to succeed this time,” Gavilán told El Nuevo Herald.
Lorena Vargas, 19, was brought to Tucson, Arizona, as a 6-year-old child by her mother, who became a U.S. citizen in 2010, according to ColorLines. Vargas traveled to the U.S. Consulate in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico, with her mother last year to apply for a visa to normalize her status, but she was denied entry at the border and told she could not reapply until 2022.
She says that since returning to Mexico she has been sexually assaulted. She reached out to her paternal grandfather, but he disowned her because she is a lesbian.
“I know people will say we’re doing this for attention, but unfortunately they’re just ignorant to what our reality is” Vargas told Aura Bogado of ColorLines. “This is a really delicate and difficult situation.”
It’s not yet clear whether the Dream 30 will make it into the United States, but the experience of the Dream 9 can give clues to how immigration officials will handle Monday’s protest.
In July, Lizbeth Mateo, Marcos Saavedra and Lulu Martinez traveled to Mexico with the intention of returning thorugh Nogales, Arizona -- a risky move for people who live with the daily fear of deportation.
They were joined at the border by six others who had either been deported or left the United States voluntarily.
“Millions of families like mine have been separated for far too long,” Mateo wrote in a blog piece published by the Huffington Post at the time. “I waited 15 years to see my grandfather again, and to meet the rest of my family.”
The protesters didn’t take such a radical step this time. None of the 30 crossing at Laredo on Monday traveled to Mexico to join the demonstration, NIYA told the Huffington Post by email. All 29 are Mexican nationals and one is Peruvian.
When the Dream 9 crossed into the United States, they first requested humanitarian parole, a little-used provision that allows people to enter the United States temporarily because of an emergency. After U.S. authorities refused to grant it and placed the group in detention, the Dream 9 applied for political asylum, arguing that Mexico was too dangerous for the applicants to live.
The Department of Homeland Security ruled that the activists had a “credible fear” of returning home and released them from detention while they wait for their asylum cases to proceed in immigration court.
Mexican nationals rarely win asylum cases, partly because the U.S. government doesn’t normally recognize organized crime as a valid reason to grant asylum. From fiscal years 2007 to 2011 -- years that coincide with the onset of Mexico’s bloody war against drug cartels -- 21,104 Mexicans filed asylum applications at U.S. ports of entry, according to the Los Angeles Times. Only 2 percent of them were granted, compared to 24 percent for asylum seekers from all countries combined.
But applying for asylum buys the group time. The lawyer for the Dream 9, Margot Cowan, says its asylum litigation may last a decade.
This is a developing story. Check back for updates.
The U.S.-Mexico border is violent
It certainly is in some places, but those don't tend to be on the U.S. side. In fact, <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/02/08/2-us-mexico-border-cities_n_2647897.html">El Paso, Texas and San Diego, California are the two safest cities in the country</a>, according to Congressional Quarterly. <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/02/13/jan-brewer-border-enforcement_n_2677777.html">While Arizona Gov. Jan Brewer has repeatedly said the border in her state is dangerous</a>, crime statistics reported by USA Today and The Huffington Post show that violent crime has dropped along the U.S.-Mexico border in Arizona, as well as California, New Mexico and Texas.
The porous U.S.-Mexico border is vulnerable to terrorists
That’s not the assessment of the U.S. government. The Mexico section of the most recent <a href="http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/195768.pdf">State Department's Country Reports on Terrorism reads</a>: <blockquote>No known international terrorist organization had an operational presence in Mexico and no terrorist group targeted U.S. citizens in or from Mexican territory. There was no evidence of ties between Mexican criminal organizations and terrorist groups, nor that the criminal organizations had political or territorial control, aside from seeking to protect and expand the impunity with which they conduct their criminal activity.</blockquote> H/T: <a href="http://borderfactcheck.com/">Washington Office on Latin America</a>.
The border is insecure
Depends on how you define "secure." By practically all measurements, the border is at its most secure point in recent history. There's more than <a href="http://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/statements/2011/may/10/barack-obama/obama-says-border-patrol-has-doubled-number-agents/">20,000 Border Patrol agents stationed along the border now</a> -- about double the number since 2004. <a href="http://abcnews.go.com/ABC_Univision/Politics/border-funding-needed-immigration-apprehensions/story?id=18465102">Apprehensions along the border, one of the most reliable measures of illegal entry</a>, are at their lowest level in 40 years. But <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/02/23/what-does-a-secure-border_n_2749419.html?utm_hp_ref=world&ir=World">politicians have yet to agree on how to define what "secure" will mean</a> for legal purposes.
Obama has been soft on enforcement
Not so. In fact, it's one of the biggest gripes immigration activists have with him. While Obama has exempted many people who came to the United States as children from deportation, he has also set records, <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/23/us/advocates-push-obama-to-halt-aggressive-deportation-efforts.html?_r=0">deporting over 400,000 people last fiscal year and removing more migrants</a> in one term than George W. Bush did in two.
The U.S. hasn't committed enough resources to securing the border
Again, depends on who you ask. The $18 billion the federal government spent on border enforcement in the 2012 fiscal year was more than it spent on than on other law enforcement agencies combined, <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/01/07/immigration-enforcement-cost_n_2425647.html">according to the Migration Policy Institute</a> -- about 15 times more than it did in the mid-1980s. Is that enough, especially in a context in which illegal immigration stands at net zero? If, not, what is?
Illegal immigration continues to skyrocket
Nope. For all the talk from outraged politicians, you'd think that immigration along the U.S.-Mexico border remains at historically high levels. In fact, <a href="http://www.pewhispanic.org/2012/04/23/net-migration-from-mexico-falls-to-zero-and-perhaps-less/">illegal immigration from Mexico has dropped to net zero or less</a>, according to the Pew Hispanic Center.