Like many Americans, Mike Foley and his wife were outraged when they discovered that several major retailers will be open on Thanksgiving Day. But unlike most, Foley might actually be able to do something about it (besides just not shopping).
“It’s just disgusting,” Foley, an Ohio state representative, said in an interview with The Huffington Post. “I don’t know that I can go in and say you can’t work on Thanksgiving, but the people who have to put up with all the chaos and the frenzy should be paid more."
Foley, a Democrat representing Cleveland in the Ohio House of Representatives, plans to introduce a bill in the next several weeks requiring that stores open on Thanksgiving pay their workers triple time. The bill would also protect workers from retaliation if they opt out of working the holiday. Foley’s proposal comes as retailers like Kmart, Target, Walmart and Macy’s are kicking off Black Friday deals on Thanksgiving Day.
Many retailers open on Thanksgiving are offering employees who work the holiday some sort of extra incentive to show up -- time and a half, discounts, a catered Thanksgiving dinner at work, or some combination of all of these things. Still, the stores have faced backlash from consumers and shoppers upset about employees being forced to work the holiday and about having to rush their own turkey dinners in order to get Black Friday deals.
The trend is nothing new, but it’s gotten progressively worse over the past few years. This year, retailers are hoping to squeeze as much money as they can out of a holiday season that’s six days shorter than usual, due to calendar quirks. Stores make anywhere from 20 to 40 percent of their annual sales during the holiday shopping season, according to the National Retail Federation. That time period typically starts on Black Friday.
If retailers were forced to pay their workers more for staffing Thanksgiving, it might make them reconsider opening on that day, according to John Talbott, associate director at Indiana University's Center for Education and Research in Retailing.
"It would matter in a huge way," Talbott said. "Usually payroll costs are the number one or number two line-item for retailers, so it would probably act as a deterrent and certainly mean that on that day they would have to consider a larger level of revenue in order to be successful."
Talbott also noted that some employees may end up wanting to work the holiday if they're offered such a huge incentive.
Foley said he didn't use some kind of "fancy formula" to come up with the triple-time figure, but he thinks it's enough to perhaps make retailers think twice about opening, and force them to properly compensate employees for working a holiday in what can be a hellish situation.
“These guys are going way overboard,” Foley said. “I think there’s a sense of ‘can’t we get any break, any break at all?’ They’re bringing in commercialism and hollow capitalism into this day that we’re supposed to be retreating from all of that.”
Some retailers, like Costco, Nordstrom and RadioShack, are bucking the trend and adopting the risky strategy of staying closed on Thanksgiving. As for other retailers, they likely don't have to worry about Foley's bill becoming law. While he's gotten interest from several other lawmakers about co-sponsoring it, he said, the Republican majority in the state House means it's unlikely the measure would pass.
“The reality is that I’m a liberal Democrat in a very conservative Republican body, and this is a bill that would have government intrusion into the free market,” Foley said. “I can’t see the bill going anywhere, but hopefully I can add to the conversation by getting the press and media around it.”
Even if Foley's proposal were to pass, Talbott said he's not sure it's the best strategy for keeping Thanksgiving Day consumerism-free.
"If we want to have workers not working on Thanksgiving Day, I suggest people don't shop," he said.
Also on HuffPost:
Walmart will be starting its Black Friday deals <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/11/12/walmart-thanksgiving-hours-2013_n_4256542.html?utm_hp_ref=business" target="_hplink">at 6 p.m. local time on Thanksgiving Day</a>, two hours earlier than last year. CORRECTION: An earlier version of this slide incorrectly stated that Walmart would be opening at 6 p.m. on Thanksgiving. The company is actually starting its Black Friday deals then.
<a href="http://searsholdings.mediaroom.com/index.php?s=16310&item=137240" target="_blank">Thanksgiving</a>: 6 a.m. - 11:59 p.m. Black Friday: 12:00 a.m. - 11 p.m.
<a href="http://gapinc.com/content/gapinc/html/media/pressrelease/2013/med_pr_Old_Navy_Overnight_Millionaire.html" target="_blank">Thanksgiving</a>: Over 900 stores will be open from 9 a.m. - 4 p.m. Then, 700 stores will reopen 7 p.m. - 11:59 p.m. Black Friday: 12:00 a.m. - 11:59 p.m.
<a href="http://abcnews.go.com/Business/wireStory/target-open-earlier-thanksgiving-20847362" target="_blank">Thanksgiving</a>: 8 p.m. - 11:59 p.m. Black Friday: 12:00 a.m. - 11 p.m.
<a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/huff-wires/20131112/us--end-of-thanksgiving-glance/?utm_hp_ref=technology&ir=technology" target="_blank">Thanksgiving</a>: 8:00 p.m. - midnight Black Friday: 6 a.m. - 9:00 p.m.
<a href="http://searsholdings.mediaroom.com/index.php?s=16310&item=137240" target="_blank">Thanksgiving</a>: 8 p.m - 11:59 p.m. Black Friday: 12:00 a.m. - 10 p.m.
<a href="http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2013-11-08/business/chi-best-buy-latest-retailer-to-add-thanksgiving-hours-20131108_1_thanksgiving-hours-retailer-black-friday" target="_blank">Thanksgiving</a>: 6 p.m. - 11:59 p.m. Black Friday: 12:00 a.m. - 10 p.m.
Toys R Us
<a href="http://www.ibtimes.com/stores-open-thanksgiving-day-2013-kohls-joins-macys-jc-penney-store-openings-black-friday-update" target="_blank">Thanksgiving</a>: Some Toys R Us plan to open as early as 5 p.m. Black Friday: Most stores are open from 12 a.m. - 11 p.m.
Thanksgiving: 4 p.m. - 2 a.m. Black Friday: 7 a.m. - 10 p.m.
<a href="http://www.usatoday.com/story/money/business/2013/10/14/macys-thanksgiving/2978757/" target="_blank">Thanksgiving</a>: 8 p.m. - 11:59 p.m. Black Friday: 12:00 a.m. - 10 p.m.
<a href="http://www.usatoday.com/story/money/business/2013/10/18/jc-penney-to-open-on-thanksgiving/3008003/" target="_blank">Thanksgiving</a>: 8 p.m. - 11:59 p.m. Black Friday: 12:00 a.m. - 9:00 p.m.
<a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/10/21/kohls-thanksgiving_n_4138880.html" target="_blank">Thanksgiving</a>: 8 p.m. - 11:59 p.m. Black Friday: 12:00 a.m. - 10:00 p.m.
<a href="http://consumerist.com/2013/11/08/hundreds-of-simon-malls-will-open-on-thanksgiving-day-stay-open-26-hours-straight/" target="_blank">Thanksgiving</a>: Some Simon Malls plan to open as early as 6 p.m. Black Friday: Most stores are open from 12 a.m. - 10 p.m.
Thanksgiving hours: 7 a.m. - 7 p.m. Black Friday hours: 7 a.m. - 10 p.m.
Dick's Sporting Goods
Thanksgiving Hours: Hours vary, but some stores will open as early as <a href="http://www.theblackfriday.com/dicks-sporting-goods-blackfriday.shtml" target="_blank">8 p.m. on Thanksgiving.</a> Black Friday Hours: Some stores will open as early as midnight.