MADRID (AP) — Mexican journalist and author Elena Poniatowska has won the 2013 Cervantes Prize, the Spanish-speaking world's highest literary honor.
Education Minister Jose Ignacio Wert announced the prize Tuesday, praising Poniatowska's brilliant and diverse literary and journalistic career.
Poniatowska, 81, was born in Paris and has lived most of her life in Mexico.
Her books, among them "Massacre in Mexico" and "The Skin of the Sky," deal with social and political issues, highlighting the problems of the poor and underprivileged.
The €125,000 prize generally alternates between Spanish and Latin American writers. Previous winners include Carlos Fuentes of Mexico, and Nobel prize winners Mario Vargas Llosa of Peru and Spain's late Camilo Jose Cela.
They are presented each April 23, the anniversary of the death of Miguel de Cervantes, author of "Don Quijote."
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Gabriel Garcia Marquez
<a href="http://www.voxxi.com/top-8-latino-writers-you-should-know/#ixzz2ZVzKP6Uj" target="_blank">Gabriel Garcia Marquez</a>, also known as Gabo, is a Colombian novelist, short-story writer and journalist. He is one of the most significant Latino writers of the 20th century known for popularizing a literary style labeled as magic realism, which treats magical elements and events as ordinary life situations. <a href="http://www.voxxi.com/gabriel-garcia-marquez-gabo-dementia/" target="_blank">Garcia Marquez was awarded with the Nobel Prize i</a>n Literature in 1982. Among all his work, he is best known for his novels, such as “One Hundred Years of Solitude” (1967), “Autumn of the Patriarch” (1975) and “Love in the Time of Cholera” (1985). FILE - In this March 1, 2011 file photo, Nobel Prize laureate Gabriel Garcia Marquez adjusts his tie as he arrives to the Soumaya Museum in Mexico City. The Gabriel Garcia Marquez for the New Latin American Journalism is presenting Gabo, periodista, a book comprised of articles by him as well as colleagues and friends, focusing on his journalistic writings. (AP Photo/Eduardo Verdugo, File)
Mario Vargas Llosa
<a href="http://www.voxxi.com/top-8-latino-writers-you-should-know/#ixzz2ZVzUXhuP" target="_blank">Mario Vargas Llosa</a> is a Peruvian-Spanish writer — plus a politician, journalist and essayist. He won the 2010 Nobel Prize in Literature and is one of <a href="http://www.voxxi.com/mario-vargas-llosa-prophets-of-doom/" target="_blank">Latin America’s most significant writers</a> — if not the one who has had the largest international impact. Vargas Llosa is the author of novels such as “The Time of the Hero” (“La ciudad y los perros”), “The Green House” (“La casa verde”), “Conversation in the Cathedral” (“Conversación en la catedral”) and “Aunt Julia and the Scriptwriter” (“La Tía Julia y el Escribidor”). Peruvian writer and Nobel Prize winner in literature Mario Vargas Llosa smiles during a press conference at the presentation of a new theater play in Madrid, Spain, April 24, 2013. (AP Photo/Daniel Ochoa de Olza)
<a href="http://www.voxxi.com/top-8-latino-writers-you-should-know/#ixzz2ZVzefoRG" target="_blank">Isabel Allende</a> is a Chilean writer who also pens in the “magic realist” tradition — but in a very particular way where she uses her personal experience to create stories where she pays homage to the lives of brave and special women. Her unique style can be enjoyed in books like “The House of the Spirits” (“La casa de los espíritus”) and “City of the Beasts” (“La ciudad de las bestias”). In 2004, Allende was inducted into the American Academy of Arts and Letters, and she received Chile’s National Literature Prize in 2010. Chilean writer Isabel Allende gives a press conference for the presentation of her new book 'La Isla Bajo El Mar' (The Island under the Sea) in Madrid on September 16, 2009. AFP PHOTO / JAVIER SORIANO (Photo credit should read JAVIER SORIANO/AFP/Getty Images)
Jorge Luis Borges
<a href="http://www.voxxi.com/top-8-latino-writers-you-should-know/#ixzz2ZVzoflkf" target="_blank">Jorge Luis Borges</a> was an Argentine short-story writer, essayist, poet and translator. But he was much more than that. Borges contributed to the so-called philosophical literature movement, and <a href="http://www.voxxi.com/maria-kodama-jorge-luis-borges/" target="_blank">he became a literary icon beyond frontiers</a>, though never recognized with a Nobel Prize. His most famous books, “Ficciones” (1944) and “The Aleph” (1949), are compilations of short, interconnected stories with common themes. In 1961, he shared the first ever Prix International with Samuel Beckett. His work has been translated and published widely across the U.S. and in Europe. PARIS - MAY 20: Argentinian author Jorge Luis Borges poses on May 20, 1979 in Paris,France. (Photo by Ulf Andersen/Getty Images)
<a href="http://www.voxxi.com/top-8-latino-writers-you-should-know/#ixzz2ZVzzzzLl" target="_blank">Julio Cortazar </a>was also an Argentine novelist, short story writer, and essayist. He belonged to and was one of the founders of the Latin American Boom. Cortazar was an expert in writing short stories and influenced a whole generation of readers and writers in the Americas and Europe. This Latino writer also published relevant novels like the famous “Hopscotch” (“Rayuela”) and “Model Kit” (“Modelo para Armar”). PARIS, FRANCE : Argentinian writer Julio Cortazar poses at home in Paris, France, 27th November 1978. (Photo Ulf Andersen/Getty Images)
<a href="http://www.voxxi.com/top-8-latino-writers-you-should-know/#ixzz2ZW07iO9L" target="_blank">Carlos Fuentes</a> was a Mexican novelist and essayist. The New York Times said about him, “<a href="http://www.voxxi.com/carlos-fuentes-old-soldiers-never-die/" target="_blank">He is one of the most admired authors in the Spanish-speaking world.</a>” This great author was honored with the Miguel de Cervantes Prize as well as Mexico’s highest award, the Belisario Dominguez Medal of Honor. Fuentes, like Borges, never won the Nobel Prize in Literature — despite deserving the recognition. Among his works are “The Death of Artemio Cruz,” “Aura,” “The Old Gringo” and “Christopher Unborn.” FILE - In this March 12, 2012 file photo, Mexican author Carlos Fuentes poses for a photo after a press conference in Mexico City. FBI documents, posted on their website Thursday, June 20, 2013, show that the bureau and the U.S. State Department kept close track of Fuentes, considered a Communist and sympathizer of Cuba's Fidel Castro. The United States denied Fuentes an entry visa at least twice in the 1960s. He died on May 15, 2012. (AP Photo/Alexandre Meneghini, File)
<a href="http://www.voxxi.com/top-8-latino-writers-you-should-know/#ixzz2ZW0MOBhG" target="_blank">Juan Rulfo</a> is another Mexican writer and photographer. Rulfo has only two books in his repertoire: the novel “Pedro Paramo” and “El Llano en Llamas,” which is a collection of short stories. Fifteen of his 17 short stories have been translated into English and published as “The Burning Plain and Other Stories.” Rulfo is an extraordinary example of how talent can be so immense that a writer’s two slim books are enough to be named him one of the most important Latino writers of the 20th century. Juan Rulfo, writer The Mexican writer on ocasion of the dialogues 'Iberoamerica: Meetings in Democracy' (Photo by Paco Junquera/Cover/Getty Images)
<a href="http://www.voxxi.com/top-8-latino-writers-you-should-know/#ixzz2ZW0UXdBt" target="_blank">Ernesto Sabato</a> was an Argentine writer labeled as<a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/02/world/americas/02sabato.html?_r=1&" target="_blank"> the last major writer in Argentine literature</a>. Sabato’s work includes three major novels: “El Túnel,” “Sobre héroes y tumbas” and “Abaddón el exterminador.” He is also the author of the book “Nunca Más” (“Never Again”) that he wrote as president of the CONADEP during which time there were thousands of disappearances investigated during the Dirty War (1970s). He was honored with international prizes including the Legion of Honour, the Prix Médicis and the Miguel de Cervantes Prize. WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: Argentine writer Ernesto Sabato. Photographed in Washington, DC., January 20, 1986. (Photo by Gary Cameron/The Washington Post via Getty Images)