Anne Hutchinson On Trial, Circa 1637
<strong></strong><a href="http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/anne-hutchinson.html">Anne Hutchinson</a> (1591-1643) was a reformer in the Massachusetts Bay Colony who accused Puritan ministers of making salvation dependent on good works rather than divine grace. She alleged that God communicated directly to her -- an allegation that resulted in her being put on trial, convicted for blasphemy and banished from the colony. In challenging the religious hierarchy, Hutchinson also <a href="http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/jul20.html">challenged traditional gender roles</a>.
Harriet Tubman, circa 1890
<a href="http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p1535.htmlhttp://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p1535.html">Harriet Tubman</a> (c1820-1913) was a former slave and "conductor" of the Underground Railroad who helped escort over 300 slaves to freedom.
Susan B. Anthony, 1900
<a href="http://www.nps.gov/wori/historyculture/susan-b-anthony.htm">Susan B. Anthony</a> (1820 - 1906) was an early leader in the Women's Suffrage Movement and co-founder of the National Woman Suffrage Association. She played a pivotal role in <a href="http://www.nwhm.org/education-resources/biography/biographies/susan-brownell-anthony/">women gaining the right to vote</a>.
Tess Billington, 1906
<a href="http://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/tess-billington-carries-a-banner-enscribed-with-the-news-photo/3281570">Tess Billington</a>, a British suffragette, during a protest at the House of Commons.
Emmeline Parkhurst, 1914
<a href="http://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/english-suffragette-emmeline-pankhurst-is-arrested-at-a-news-photo/2716338">Emmeline Pankhurst</a> (1858 - 1928), a British suffragette, is arrested during a protest outside Buckingham Palace.
Four women at a convention of former slaves, Washington D.C., circa 1916
The women pictured are <a href="http://ghostsofdc.org/2012/07/06/ex-slave-convention-1916/">Annie Parram, 104, Anna Angales, 105, Elizabeth Berkeley, 125 and Sadie Thompson, 110. <a href="http://ghostsofdc.org/2012/07/06/ex-slave-convention-1916/"></a> According to a <em>Washington Post</em></a> article, the 1916 convention was the fifty-fourth gathering of former slaves and ran from October 22nd to November 6th. President Wilson is listed among the invited speakers.
Gertrude Stein and Alice B. Toklas, circa 1925
<a href="http://jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/stein-gertrude">Gertrude Stein</a> (1874 - 1946) was an American expatriate writer, famous both for her avante-garde prose and for her Parisian salons. She is photographed here with her partner Alice B Toklas (1877 - 1967).
<a href="http://www.gettyimages.co.uk/detail/news-photo/the-first-women-suffragettes-arrested-in-london-news-photo/3292182" target="_blank">Suffragettes in London</a> march to protest the first arrest of a suffragette.
Margaret Sanger, 1920s
<a href="http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/pill/peopleevents/p_sanger.html">Margaret Sanger </a>(1879 – 1966) was an early advocate of legalizing birth control. She was the founder of the first North American family planning center and was instrumental in the genesis of the first oral contraceptive, or "Magic Pill."
Amelia Earhart, 1928
<a href="http://www.ameliaearhart.com/">Amelia Earhart</a> (1897 – disappeared July 2, 1937) was an American aviator and the first female pilot to fly solo across the Atlantic. She disappeared during an attempt to circumnavigate the globe in 1937.
Eleanor Roosevelt, 1933
<a href="http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/films/eleanor/">Eleanor Roosevelt</a> (1884 – 1962) was the wife of President Franklin D. Roosevelt ad the longest serving First Lady in U.S. history. During her time as First Lady, she broke precedent by giving speeches and writing a newspaper column. After FDR's death, she championed human and women's rights.
Hattie McDaniel, circa 1940
<a href="http://www.lasentinel.net/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=6357:black-women-and-the-academy-awards-winners-nominees&catid=79&Itemid=169" target="_blank">Hattie McDaniel</a> became the first African American to win an Academy Award when she took the Best Supporting Actress statuette home for her portrayal of Mammy in <em>Gone With The Wind</em>.
Rosie the Riveter, 1942
<a href="http://www.nps.gov/pwro/collection/website/rosie.htm">Rosie the Riveter</a> is a fictional icon created during World War II and meant to represent the women who took over factory work -- typically a male domain -- while men were fighting overseas.
Rosalind Franklin, 1950s
Rosalind Franklin (1920 – 1958) was a British biophysicist and X-ray crystallographer who was instrumental in the discovery of DNA.
Rosa Parks, 1955
<a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/28/us/politics/statue-of-rosa-parks-is-unveiled-at-the-capitol.html?_r=0" target="_blank">Rosa Parks</a> (1913-2005) was an American Civil Rights activist, most famous for refusing to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger in Montgomery, Alabama in 1955.
Ruby Bridges, 1960
<a href="http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/social_issues/jan-june97/bridges_2-18.html" target="_blank">Ruby Bridges</a> (born 1954) was the first African American child to desegregate an elementary school when she walked into William Frantz Elementary school in New Orleans, Louisiana in 1960.
Wilma Rudolph, 1960
Wilma Rudolph (1940 - 1994) was an American runner and Olympian. She became the <a href="http://espn.go.com/sportscentury/features/00016444.html" target="_blank">first American woman</a> to win three Gold medals at the 1960 Rome Olympics.
Rachel Carson, 1962
<a href="http://www.rachelcarson.org/Biography.aspx#.UUjHA1s6VTE" target="_blank">Rachel Carson</a> (1907 - 1964) was a biologist, ecologist and writer. She authored <em>Silent Spring</em> which examined the effects of pesticides on the environment. She is credited with <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2012/10/28/business/rachel-carsons-lessons-50-years-after-silent-spring.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0" target="_blank">helping to launch the environmental movement.</a>
Betty Friedan, 1970
<a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/19/books/betty-friedans-feminine-mystique-50-years-later.html?pagewanted=all" target="_blank">Betty Friedan</a> (1921 - 2006) was a leader in the second-wave feminist movement. She authored <em>The Feminine Mystique</em> in 1963 and founded the <em>National Organization for Women (NOW)</em> in 1966.
Women's Liberation Demonstration, 1970
The <a href="http://library.duke.edu/rubenstein/scriptorium/wlm/blkmanif/" target="_blank">Third World Women's Alliance</a> was formed to highlight the problems faced by women of color, particularly the destructive connection between race, sex and exploitation.
Gloria Steinem, 1972
<a href="http://www.gloriasteinem.com/who-is-gloria/" target="_blank">Gloria Steinem</a> (b. 1934) is a journalist, activist and feminist icon. She was a leader of the feminist movement of the late 1960s and 1970s and co-founded <em>Ms.</em> Magazine.
<strong><em>CORRECTION</strong>: An earlier version of this caption listed Steinem's birth year as 1954. She was born in 1934. </em>
Billie Jean King, 1973
<a href="http://espn.go.com/sportscentury/features/00016060.html" target="_blank">Billie Jean King</a> (b. 1943) ranked number one in the world in women's tennis for five years, wining six Wimbledon championships and four U.S. opens. She is perhaps most glorified for beating Bobby Riggs in the "Battle of the Sexes" in 9173.
Julia Child, 1978
<a href="http://www.pbs.org/food/julia-child/" target="_blank">Julia Child</a> (1912 - 2004) was a chef, cookbook author and television host. She pioneered cooking shows on TV and brought French cooking into American kitchens.
Sandra Day O'Connor, 1981
When <a href="http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/justices/oconnor.bio.html" target="_blank">Sandra Day O'Connor</a> (b. 1930) was appointed to the Supreme Court by President Ronald Reagan in 1981, she became the first female Justice. She served on the Court until 2006.
Maya Lin , 1981
<a href="http://www.pbs.org/art21/artists/maya-lin" target="_blank">Maya Lin</a> (born 1959) is an architect and artist, best-known for designing the Vietnam Memorial after she won a national competition at just 21.
Sally Ride, 1983
<a href="https://sallyridescience.com/sallyride" target="_blank">Sally Ride</a> (1951 – 2012) was an astronaut and broke barriers in 1983 when she became the first American woman to fly in space.
Maya Angelou, 1993
Maya Angelou (born 1928) is a poet and author. She recited her poem "On the Pulse of Morning" at Bill Clinton's inauguration in 1993.
Ellen Degeneres, 1997
When Ellen Degeneres (born 1958) came out to TIME Magazine in 1997, she made history by becoming the<a href="http://www.people.com/people/ellen_degeneres/biography/" target="_blank"> first openly gay star on TV</a>.
Madeleine Albright, 1999
<a href="http://secretary.state.gov/www/albright/albright.html" target="_blank">Madeleine Albright</a> (born 1937) became the first female Secretary of State when she joined the Clinton administration in 1997.
Condoleeza Rice, 2008
<a href="http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/people/r/condoleezza_rice/index.html" target="_blank">Condoleeza Rice</a> (born 1954) served as the first female National Security Advisor and then the first African American woman Secretary of State during the George W. Bush administration.
Hillary Clinton, 2008
In her 2008 candidacy for President, <a href="http://www.hillaryclinton.com/" target="_blank">Hillary Clinton</a> (born 1947 ) In the won more primaries and delegates than any other female candidate in history, though she ended up losing the primary to now-President Barack Obama. She went on to become Secretary of State.