RELIGION
04/17/2014 10:02 pm ET Updated Apr 17, 2014

Jesus' Crucifixion In Art Illustrates One Of The Most Famous Biblical Moments (PHOTOS)

Jesus Christ's betrayal, trial and crucifixion form the basis of the Christian Good Friday, which falls on the Friday before Easter.

The famous story laid out in the Christian gospels tells of Jesus' betrayal by Judas and trial before the Sanhedrin council, the Roman governor Pontius Pilate and King Herod of Galilee. He is condemned to death by crucifixion, only to be resurrected on Sunday -- thus giving rise to the Easter holiday.

Artists throughout the decades have striven to depict Jesus' crucifixion and by doing so bring to life one of the most famous moments of the Bible. New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art has an entire exhibit on "The Crucifixion and Passion of Christ in Italian Painting." They write, "Paintings of the [crucifixion] were usually intended to foster meditation on Christ's self-sacrifice, and they thus indicate his suffering by showing him hanging heavily with bowed head and bleeding wounds."

Many of these artistic depictions of Jesus' crucifixion reflect the above description, though nuances are present in different artists' interpretations.

Here are 13 classic representations of Jesus' crucifixion in art for Good Friday:

  • Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Images
    'The Crucifixion'. Rubens, Pieter Paul (1577-1640). Found in the collection of the State M. Ciurlionis Art Museum, Kaunas. (Photo by Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Images)
  • Art Media/Print Collector/Getty Images
    'Calvary', 1545-1550. From the collection of the Hermitage, St. Petersburg, Russia. (Photo by Art Media/Print Collector/Getty Images)
  • Universal History Archive/Getty Images
    Crucifixion. Christ on the cross after side has been pierced by soldier's spear. Enamel by Leonard Limousin (c1505-c1577) (Photo by Universal History Archive/Getty Images)
  • Universal History Archive/Getty Images
    'Crucifixion'. Jesus nailed to the cross. Illustration by Gustave Dore (1832-1883) for The Bible (London 1866). Wood engraving. (Photo by Universal History Archive/Getty Images)
  • Hans Memling/Fine Art Photographic/Getty Images
    The crucifixion of Jesus Christ on Calvary, outside Jerusalem, 1491 A chromolithograph after Memling from the Passion Triptych. Artist dates: c.1435 - 1494. (Photo by Hans Memling/Fine Art Photographic/Getty Images)
  • Imagno/Getty Images
    Crucifixion. 1595. (Photo by Imagno/Getty Images)
  • Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Images
    'The Crucifixion with the Virgin and John the Baptist', c1540. Found in the collection of the State A Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow. (Photo by Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Images)
  • Imagno/Getty Images
    Deploration. (Photo by Imagno/Getty Images)
  • Hulton Archive/Getty Images
    Jesus Christ on the cross Circa 29 AD Original Artwork: A painting by Bonnet. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
  • Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Images
    Christ on the Cross, 1853. Artist: Delacroix, Eugène (1798-1863) Found in the collection of the National Gallery, London. (Photo by Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Images)
  • The Print Collector/Print Collector/Getty Images
    Christ Crowned with Thorns, 19th century. Artist: William Dickes (Photo by The Print Collector/Print Collector/Getty Images)
  • Art Media/Print Collector/Getty Images
    'Christ on the Cross between the two Thieves', 17th century. Artist: Frans Francken II From the Musee des Beaux Arts, Pau, France. (Photo by Art Media/Print Collector/Getty Images)
  • Culture Club/Getty Images
    The crucifixion - from The life of our lord, published by Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, London c.1880. (Photo by Culture Club/Getty Images)

RELATED ON HUFFPOST:

PHOTO GALLERY
HuffPost
BEFORE YOU GO
Stations of the Cross
PHOTO GALLERY
Stations of the Cross

CONVERSATIONS