How: Taking quercetin and bromelain together may help prevent the immune response that causes symptoms like itchy eyes, sneezing and a runny nose, says Sezelle Gereau-Haddon, MD, an integrative otolaryngologist with the Mount Sinai Beth Israel Center for Health and Healing. She recommends supplements because you'd need to eat a cornucopia of fruit to get noticeable results.
The Shrub That Prevents Headaches (and Nasal Congestion)
Try:Butterbur, a shrub that grows in wet, marshy ground. The name comes from the traditional use of the plant's large leaves as a butter protector in warm weather.
How: Gereau-Haddon recommends supplements but points out that butterbur is part of the ragweed family, and, unfortunately, about 75 percent of people allergic to pollen-producing plants are also sensitive to ragweed (as well as birch trees, chrysanthemums, marigolds, and daisies). So talk to a doctor before giving this a try, and then use only supplements labeled "PA-free" or "PA-safe" which means they're free of pyrrolizidine alkaloids -- chemicals that can damage the liver.
The Dinner that Helps Everything, Even Your Allergy Risk
Why: As you know, salmon is an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids, those multi-taskers that seem to do everything, from reducing body fat to fighting brain disease. A European study published in the journal Allergy also found a relationship between a diet high in omega-3s and a lower risk of developing hay fever. While some studies have shown conflicting results, Gereau-Haddon believes that these anti-inflammatories may protect against allergies.
How: Keep your immune system healthy by eating fish at least once a week, or try mercury-free supplements. Just keep in mind that while incorporating omega-3s into a healthy diet may keep your allergies at bay, a plate full of salmon can't cure a full-on outbreak.
How: Gereau-Haddon has her allergy patients take about 2000 IU of vitamin D (consult your doctor for the right amount for you).
The Rinse That Really Works (If You Do It Right)
Try: Saline rinse -- but not the way you're probably doing it.
Why: Squirting warm, salty water into your nose has been shown to be effective for removing excess mucous, as well as rinsing out offending allergens from the nasal passages. It's a go-to recommendation for experts like Gereau-Haddon and our own Dr. Oz. There’s some evidence that Dead Sea salts, which are higher in minerals like magnesium, are even more effective than table salt in providing relief, Gereau-Haddon says. She likes Lavi rinses and sprays, which are made with mineral-rich salt from the Dead Sea.
How: The saline rinse can only help if you can successfully get it into your nasal passages, which can be hard to do with a traditional neti pot (a nasal-rinsing device that looks like a tiny tea kettle, and requires a steady hand and a bendy neck). That's why Gereau-Haddon advises patients to trade in the awkward neti pot for a user-friendly squeeze bottle (use only water that's been distilled or previously boiled to kill bacteria). To keep water from trickling down the throat, she tells patients to pant like a puppy or say "aaaaaah."
The Bugs That Can Soothe Your Eyes, Nose and Throat
Why:Yogurt lovers tend to suffer less from allergies, found a study in the Journal of Nutrition -- specifically, those who ate 7 ounces of yogurt every day for a year reported fewer allergy symptoms than non–yogurt eaters. The probiotics seem to help with the processing of allergens like pollen, Gereau-Haddon says.
How: If you're over yogurt, Skyr and other fermented dairy treats, you might try a probiotic supplement that has a broader range of bacteria, suggests Gereau-Haddon.