It's no secret that the U.S. population is becoming more and more Hispanic. According to U.S. Census data from 2013, 17 percent of Americans are Hispanic, making this group the largest ethnic minority in the country. And this number is only expected to continue growing. By 2060, it's estimated that 31 percent of our nation's population will be Hispanic.
It should come as no surprise that these numbers are so high, especially when you consider American history. Until the mid-19th century, nine states were either part of New Spain or Mexico before being incorporated into the United States. Florida, California, Texas and the Southwest are still very influenced by Hispanic culture and have the highest population of Hispanics in the entire country.
With our nation's Latino roots in mind, we've partnered with the Comfort Inn® brand to bring you a list of the most historically rich heritage sites across the United States. So whether you consider yourself Hispanic or not, be sure to check out these areas across the country to learn a little more about the history of a very prevalent group of Americans.
In the 1970s, this area of San Diego hosted a major protest against the planned redevelopment of the site, which was once promised to remain a public, open space. The peaceful protest
was very closely related to the local Chicano (or Mexican-American) Civil Rights Movement that took place throughout the '70s. Today, the park is known for its beautiful display of Chicano murals. Artists like Salvador Torres and Glory Sanchez
have their work on display here.
The Alamo was built around 1718 along the banks of the San Antonio River. It was originally known as the Mission San Antonio de Valero
and housed missionaries and their Native American converts until 1793. The Spanish military began occupying the space in the early 1800s and began calling it “El Alamo” after the Spanish term for cottonwood. (The Alamo was once surrounded by cottonwood trees.)
In February 1836, the Battle of the Alamo occurred, which made the site famous to this day. A Mexican force of over 1,000 men besieged the fort, which was being defended by 200 volunteer Texan soldiers, including Davy Crockett. Vastly outnumbered, the Texan soldiers held out for 13 days but died at the hands of the Mexican troops.
A month later, Texan General Sam Houston led a surprise attack on the Mexican forces, an 18-minute battle that allowed them to achieve independence. The siege on the Alamo became a huge symbol of Texas power and resistance in their battle for independence against Mexico, which is why everyone now knows that famous phrase: "Remember the Alamo!"
This fort is one of the oldest structures in the United States
, dating back to 1672. It was originally constructed by the Spanish to protect St. Augustine from attack. This need for protection was first realized in 1586, when Englishman Sir Francis Drake sent 20 ships to attack the town. The fort was built from coquina, a type of shell stone quarried from nearby Anastasia Island.
Since its construction, the fort has been under the power of multiple groups: the Spanish, the British, the United States and the Confederate States of America. Surprisingly, control of the fort always came about through military agreements or political treaties and never through force.
This picturesque mountain memorial located in Arizona commemorates Francisco Vasquez de Coronado’s 1540 expedition to the United States. His trip is the first known European excursion to America.
Coronado was a Spanish governor chosen to lead a group of settlers in an exploration of the land to the north of Mexico. There were rumors circulating that this uncharted territory had cities decorated with gold and jewels. He entered what is now Arizona along the San Pedro River valley and then continued along what is today known as the Colorado Trail.
The memorial is known a great place to hike and explore an isolated area of the beautiful Southwest.
The Cesar Chavez National Monument, otherwise known as Nuestra Señora Reina de La Paz, honors the late Latin American civil rights activist
who cofounded the National Farm Workers Association (later known as the United Farm Workers Union). When Obama designated the site in 2012, it became the first national park site to honor a contemporary Latino American
Chavez is remembered for greatly reforming the wages and working conditions for farm workers, many of whom were Latino.
The current monument includes the place where Chavez lived and worked in the later part of his life. The site also encompasses the renovated Villa La Paz, a conference and education center where Chavez held meetings with fellow civil rights activists. Villa La Paz still hosts events that carry on the legacy of Chavez’s work.
This site commemorates the Chamizal Treaty of 1963
that settled the 100-year border dispute between Mexico and the United States.
In the mid-1800s, a flood altered the course of the Rio Grande, which was used as the boundary between Mexico and the United States. With the new course, a piece of land called the Chamizal Tract, which was once on Mexican soil, was now on American soil. Also, Cordova Island, a Mexican enclave in the United States, did have not a definitive international border. Because of this ambiguity, the island became an area rampant with drug trafficking and illegal immigration. With the Chamizal Treaty, both of these disputes were finally resolved in a peaceful way that became a milestone for diplomatic relations. Mexican President Adolfo Lopez Mateos and U.S. presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson were critical in the treaty’s success and implementation
Today, the Chamizal National Museum hosts cultural performances that show how two countries' traditions can blend together and learn from each other.
Flickr: Mobilus In Mobili
The four southernmost Spanish colonial missions
— San José, San Juan, Espada and Concepción — make up the San Antonio Missions National Historical Park.
San José is the largest mission in San Antonio, established in 1720 and completed in 1782. Spanish designers, who workers with the Coahuiltecan tribe, built the mission using Texas limestone and brightly colored stucco. At its peak, the mission was a meeting place for over 300 Native Americans. The mission also had its own grain mill and granary, which have both been preserved.
Mission San Juan
was established in 1731. It was once a self-sustaining community that included a half-built church. The church was never completed due to a decline in the population.
Espada, the southernmost of the four missions, was also established in 1731. The site currently includes the most well-preserved segment of the acequia
(irrigation system) that was used to bring water to the fields in the 1700s. Part of the acequia is still used today.
The church at Concepcion looks much like it did in 1755 during its dedication and is known as the oldest unrestored church in the entire United States.
Stay with Comfort Inn® for a good night's sleep before checking out these incredible historic sites.
This post has been corrected to identify the fate of the Texan soldiers defending the Alamo.