ALAIN C. ENTHOVEN is the Marriner S. Eccles Professor of Public and Private Management (Emeritus) in the Graduate School of Business at Stanford University. He holds degrees in Economics from Stanford, Oxford and MIT. He has been an Economist with the RAND Corporation, Assistant Secretary of Defense, and President of Litton Medical Products. In 1963, he received the President's Award for Distinguished Federal Civilian Service from John F. Kennedy. In 1977, while serving as a consultant to the Carter Administration, he designed and proposed Consumer Choice Health Plan, a plan for universal health insurance based on managed competition in the private sector. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences and a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He is Chairman of Stanford University’s Committee on Faculty/Staff Human Resources and a consultant to Kaiser Permanente, the former Chairman of the Health Benefits Advisory Council for CalPERS, the California State employees' medical and hospital care plans. He has been a director of the Jackson Hole Group, PCS, Caresoft Inc., and eBenX, Inc. He was the 1994 winner of the Baxter Prize for Health Services Research and also the 1995 Board of Directors Award, Healthcare Financial Management Association. In 1997, Governor Wilson appointed him Chairman of the California Managed Health Care Improvement Task Force. Commissioned by the State legislature, the Task Force addressed healthcare issues raised by managed care. In 1988, he gave the De Vries Lectures in Rotterdam, called Theory and Practice of Managed Competition in Health Care Finance, which provided the theoretical foundation for the Dutch model of universal health insurance based on managed competition. In 1998-99, he was the Rock Carling Fellow of the Nuffield Trust of London and also Visiting Professor at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. He wrote the Rock Carling Lecture In Pursuit of an Improving National Health Service recommending further Introduction of market forces in the National Health Service. He and Laura Tollen recently edited a book called Toward a 21st Century Health System: The Contributions and Promise of Prepaid Group Practice (Jossey Bass, San Francisco, 2004). He is a member of the Research Advisory Board of the Committee for Economic Development (CED) and since 2006 served as project director for a recently published CED report Quality, Affordable Health Care for All: Moving Beyond the Employer-Based Health-Insurance System . November 2007. In 2008, he was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Public Policy by the RAND Graduate School.

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