Arturo Casadevall, M.D., Ph.D., is professor and chair of microbiology & immunology and holds the Leo and Julia Forchheimer Chair in Microbiology & Immunology at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University. He served as director of the division of infectious diseases at Montefiore Medical Center, the University Hospital and academic medical center for Einstein, from 2000-2006. Dr. Casadevall received both his M.D. and Ph.D. (biochemistry) degrees from New York University. Subsequently, he completed his internship and residency in internal medicine at Bellevue Hospital in New York. He then completed subspecialty training in infectious diseases at Montefiore and Einstein. The author of over 450 scientific papers, Dr. Casadevall’s major research interests are in fungal pathogenesis and the mechanism of antibody action. In the area of biodefense, he has an active research program to understand the mechanisms of antibody-mediated neutralization of Bacillus anthracis toxins. Dr. Casadevall is the editor-in-chief of mBio, the first open access general journal of the American Society of Microbiology, and is on the editorial board of the Journal of Clinical Investigation and the Journal of Experimental Medicine. He has also served in numerous NIH committees including those that drafted the NIAID Strategic Plan and the Blue Ribbon Panel on Biodefense Research. He is currently a member of the National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity and co-chaired the NIAID Board of Scientific counselors. In 2008, he was recognized the American Society of Microbiology with the William Hinton Award for mentoring scientists from underrepresented groups.