As Co-Director of the US Program, Maria McFarland guides Human Rights Watch’s work on national security, immigration, and criminal justice in the United States, including large-scale surveillance and drug policy. Previously, as Deputy Washington Director for Human Rights Watch, McFarland conducted advocacy before the US government on a wide array of global human rights issues, including matters related to the Middle East and North Africa during the “Arab uprisings” of 2011, as well as South and Central Asia. Earlier, McFarland held the position of Senior Americas Researcher, serving for over five years as the organization's primary expert on Colombia's internal armed conflict and working on international justice matters, including the extradition and trial of former Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori. McFarland has conducted extensive advocacy before the governments of the United States, Canada, and European and Latin American countries; has authored and edited numerous Human Rights Watch reports; has testified before the Canadian Parliament and several times before the US Congress; and is a frequent voice in the media. Before joining Human Rights Watch, McFarland engaged in sovereign litigation as an attorney at Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton in New York, taught human rights law as a Crowley Fellow at Fordham Law School, and clerked on the US Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit. Harvard Law School recently selected her as a 2014-15 Wasserstein Public Interest Fellow. McFarland holds a J.D., magna cum laude, from New York University School of Law and did most of her undergraduate studies at the Universidad Católica del Perú, in Lima, Peru, before completing her BA, summa cum laude, at the University of Texas at Austin in 1998. McFarland is a native speaker of both Spanish and English.