Mathias Mossberg served as Sweden's ambassador to Morocco from 1994 to 1996, and he has been involved in Middle East peace negotiations since the 1980s. He was part of the Swedish team that helped initiate the back-channel negotiations that produced the Oslo peace process. He is currently a Senior Research Fellow at Lund University's Center for Middle Eastern Studies in Sweden, and he is an editor of One Land, Two States: Israel and Palestine as Parallel States (University of California Press, 2014).

Before coming to Lund, Ambassador Mossberg was adviser on dialogue with the Muslim world at the Ministry for Foreign Affairs in Stockholm. Prior to this, he was on secondment to the EastWest Institute in New York and responsible for the Middle East Program of the Institute. Ambassador Mossberg was earlier Secretary-General for a
major government review of Swedish security policy during the Cold War, and served as Director of the Policy Planning Group at the
Ministry from 1996-2000. He was Personal Representative of the Chairman in office, CSCE, for Nagorno-Karabach from 1992 to 94. He also served as Assistant Under-Secretary for Africa and the Middle East at the Ministry, and in diplomatic posts in London, Amman, New York, Moscow and Geneva.