Michael Haltzel is Senior Fellow at the Center for Transatlantic Relations, Johns Hopkins University SAIS in Washington, D.C. From 1994 to 2005, Dr. Haltzel served as Democratic Staff Director, Subcommittee on European Affairs, Senate Foreign Relations Committee and senior advisor to U.S. Vice President (then-Senator) Joseph R. Biden, Jr. In 2009-10 he headed U.S. Government delegations to three OSCE review conferences in Warsaw, Copenhagen, and Vienna. His other previous positions include Chief of the European Division of the Library of Congress, Director of West European Studies of the Woodrow Wilson Center, Vice President for Academic Affairs of Longwood University (Virginia), and Deputy Director of the Aspen Institute Berlin. The author of Der Abbau der deutschen ständischen Selbstverwaltung in den Ostseeprovinzen Russlands 1855-1905 (Marburg, 1977), Dr. Haltzel is coauthor, editor, or coeditor of nine other books. His op-eds have appeared in leading American newspapers including the New York Times, Washington Post, and Los Angeles Times, and he is a frequent commentator on U.S. and European electronic media, including as a blogger for the Huffington Post (http://www.huffingtonpost.com/michael-haltzel/), He received a B.A. from Yale University, and an M.A. and Ph.D., both from Harvard University. Dr. Haltzel is the recipient of state decorations from seven countries of the European Union: Austria, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, and Sweden.