Todd Grindal Ed.D is a senior associate with Abt Associates where he studies the impact of public policies on young children and children with disabilities. Todd conducted his doctoral work at the Harvard Graduate School of Education where he was awarded a Julius B. Richmond Fellowship by the Harvard Center on the Developing Child in support of his dissertation research on the unionization of home childcare providers. Todd is also a recipient of the 2009 Meade Fellowship from the Institute for Educational Leadership and has been recognized as an Emerging Education Policy Scholar by the Fordham Foundation and American Enterprise Institute. Prior to beginning his doctoral studies, Todd worked for six years as a teacher and school administrator at the high school level in Florida, and at the elementary school and preschool levels in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area. He earned a B.A. in History from The New College of Florida and an Ed.M. and Ed.D from the Harvard Graduate School of Education.