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Robert Hormats
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Robert Hormats was the Under Secretary of State for Economic, Energy and Agricultural Affairs from September 23, 2009 to July 31, 2013.

Bob was formerly vice chairman of Goldman Sachs (International). He joined Goldman Sachs in 1982.


Bob served as Assistant Secretary of State for Economic and Business Affairs from 1981 to 1982, Ambassador and Deputy U.S. Trade Representative from 1979 to 1981, and Senior Deputy Assistant Secretary for Economic and Business Affairs at the Department of State from 1977 to 1979. He served as a senior staff member for International Economic Affairs on the National Security Council from 1969 to 1977, where he was senior economic advisor to Dr. Henry Kissinger, General Brent Scowcroft and Dr. Zbigniew Brzezinski. Bob was a recipient of the French Legion of Honor in 1982 and the Arthur Fleming Award in 1974.


Bob has been a visiting lecturer at Princeton University and served on the Board of Visitors of the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy and the Dean’s Council of the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. He is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Mr. Hormats’ publications include The Price of Liberty: Paying for America's Wars;
Abraham Lincoln and the Global Economy;
American Albatross: The Foreign Debt
Dilemma
; and Reforming the International
Monetary System
. Other publications
include articles in Foreign Affairs, Foreign
Policy, The New York Times, The
Washington Post, The Wall Street Journal,
American Banker
and The Financial Times.
Mr. Hormats earned a BA with a
concentration in economics and political
science from Tufts University in 1965. He
earned an MA in 1966 and a PhD in
International Economics in 1970 from the
Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy.

Entries by Robert Hormats

Protecting and Promoting Innovation

(2) Comments | Posted June 20, 2013 | 2:10 PM

More than two centuries ago, the first Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson said: "My knowledge is like a candle; with it I can light your candle, and now we both have light." Innovation is one of America's greatest assets and is increasingly a cornerstone of our diplomatic engagement abroad.

The...

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The Diaspora Experience: America's Story

(4) Comments | Posted May 22, 2013 | 11:47 AM

The diaspora experience has long been "America's Story." As Russell Shorto's book, The Island at the Center of the World, details, seventeenth-century Manhattan was a microcosm of the much larger American diaspora to follow: Among the island's then-400 inhabitants, 18 different languages were spoken. Centuries later, this description not only...

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The Road to an Effective Innovation Diplomacy

(0) Comments | Posted May 20, 2013 | 1:01 PM

by: Robert D. Hormats, Under Secretary of State for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment and Charles Wessner, founder and director of the National Academy of Sciences Program on Technology, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship.

America's possibilities are limitless, for we possess all the qualities that this world without boundaries demands: youth...
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Creativity: The Next Generation

(3) Comments | Posted April 26, 2013 | 11:32 AM

Today, April 26, marks World Intellectual Property Day. Although this commemoration might go unnoticed by many, it's worthwhile to imagine for a moment what life would be like without innovation or the inventions innovators produce. Thomas Hobbes famously quipped that humanity without social structure would be "solitary, poor, brutish, nasty...

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Seizing the Opportunities of Global Urbanization: The New Frontier in America's International Economic Policy

(0) Comments | Posted March 25, 2013 | 10:13 AM

To take advantage of the rapid urbanization underway in the world's largest emerging economies, we must add a major new dimension to U.S. international economic policy.

The number of people living in cities around the world is predicted to grow by more than 2.5 billion over the next 40...

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Waste Less to Feed More

(2) Comments | Posted February 14, 2013 | 5:06 PM

I recently had the privilege of addressing the 13th annual Delhi Sustainable Development Summit in New Delhi, India. My remarks focused largely on the importance of creating a good environment for investment in the agricultural sector. These types of investments -- coupled with new technologies and scientific innovations -- can...

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Wildlife and Foreign Policy: What's the Connection?

(1) Comments | Posted November 8, 2012 | 11:05 AM

Secretary of State Hillary Clinton hosted a discussion this morning with foreign diplomats, government officials, civil society leaders, and business representatives on illegal wildlife trafficking and animal conservation. Protection of endangered species such as elephants, rhinos, and tigers do not immediately conjure up images of diplomacy in action. So it's...

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The "American Brand" -- A Symbol of Quality and Innovation

(2) Comments | Posted July 10, 2012 | 11:47 AM

During my extensive travels abroad, it has become abundantly clear to me that "Made in America" means something special. American companies sell innovative, high-quality goods and services that are highly valued around the globe. Moreover, the "American brand" itself has tremendous value because it symbolizes a commitment to quality, service,...

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The Illegal Wildlife Trade: A Survey of Greed, Tragedy, and Ignorance

(9) Comments | Posted May 15, 2012 | 5:46 PM

Since the beginning of 2012, over 250 elephants have been killed in Cameroon. Adults are being slaughtered for ivory to be used for jewelry, ornaments, and traditional medicine; young juveniles and infants are being killed indiscriminately or left orphaned to die without the protection of their mothers. Having...

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Whales, Conservation & Eco-Tourism - Report From the G-20 Foreign Ministers Meeting in Mexico

(1) Comments | Posted March 6, 2012 | 11:16 AM

On Sunday, February 19, while in Mexico for a G-20 Foreign Ministers meeting, Secretary Clinton, a few of our colleagues, and I went whale-watching in Guerrero Negro, Mexico. We got up-close -- at times they were right up against our boat -- with a school of Eastern Pacific gray whales....

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The Aging Population: Economic Growth and Global Competitiveness

(4) Comments | Posted February 13, 2012 | 3:01 PM

On Tuesday, February 14th, the Council on Foreign Relations is holding a meeting on the "The U.S. Aging Population as an Economic Growth Driver for Global Competitiveness." The event is timely. Standard & Poor's reports that "No other force is likely to shape the future of national economic health, public...

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Food Safety in a Global World

(1) Comments | Posted December 5, 2011 | 11:01 AM

Last month I attended the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) meetings in Hawaii, where I participated in the announcement of a public-private partnership to create the world's first Global Food Safety Fund. To be managed by the World Bank, this innovative partnership will engage a wide-range of stakeholders in training programs...

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The State Department's Jobs Agenda

(10) Comments | Posted September 11, 2011 | 5:41 PM

Last week, President Barack Obama addressed a joint session of the U.S. Congress to share a plan to create jobs and grow our economy: the American Jobs Act. The purpose of this jobs plan is simple: put more people back to work, including teachers, first responders, and construction workers, and...

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Eco-Friendly, Profit-Friendly

(1) Comments | Posted August 21, 2011 | 6:32 PM

This article was co-authored by Robert D. Hormats, who serves as Under Secretary of State for Economic, Energy and Agricultural Affairs, and Kerri-Ann Jones who serves as Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs.

American companies face numerous competitive challenges today....

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Innovating Our Way to a Second Green Revolution

(4) Comments | Posted June 22, 2011 | 4:13 PM

Nearly one billion people -- one seventh of the world's population -- suffer from chronic hunger. Because of extreme hunger and poverty, children, adults, and indeed entire societies are prevented from achieving their full potential. But, through the work of many, progress is being made.

Today, Secretary of Agriculture...

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Fostering the Talents of the Youth of the Middle East and North Africa

(1) Comments | Posted June 8, 2011 | 4:16 PM

I recently returned from Jordan, where I led the American delegation to the inaugural U.S.-Jordan Business Forum. The Forum was a resounding success. Over 150 American and Jordanian business and government leaders participated in a clear sign of the close strategic and economic partnership between our two countries. Eleven separate...

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Protecting America's Innovative Advantage

(2) Comments | Posted April 27, 2011 | 1:26 PM

Co-authored by Richard L. Trumka and Deborah L. Wince-Smith

Tuesday, April 26, was World Intellectual Property Day. The theme of this year's celebration -- Designing the Future -- emphasized the critical role that ideas play in the development of solutions to the challenges of the 21st century, such as combating...

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Entrepreneurship: A Growth Strategy for Combating Youth Unemployment

(1) Comments | Posted February 18, 2011 | 5:44 PM

By 2020, an estimated 100 million Arab youth, many of them college-educated, will enter the job market seeking opportunities. Youth unemployment is not new a phenomenon; but it is a growing problem around the world. And it is one that the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) feels acutely. Many...

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Davos 2011: Fair Competition in a Competitive World

(0) Comments | Posted January 24, 2011 | 11:11 AM

Next week I will be attending the Davos World Economic Forum, where I expect -- based on recent conversations I have had with business leaders and government officials in the United States and abroad -- that the role of State Owned Enterprises (SOE's) in the global economy will be an...

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German Unity: Lessons for the 21st Century

(5) Comments | Posted October 27, 2010 | 1:59 PM

October 3rd marked the 20th anniversary of German unification, when East and West Germany merged into a united federal state. I was fortunate enough to spend the day in Bremen, Germany, as a member of the U.S. delegation to the official celebrations. The day featured a lovely church service and...

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