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Retirement Conundrum: Spend Now or Save for Later?

06/22/2015 02:16 pm ET | Updated Jun 22, 2016
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Dear Carrie,

A friend recently told me that her financial advisor suggests using age 95 as a life expectancy when planning for retirement. Is this realistic? If so, my wife and I would be afraid to spend a dime. What about living for today?

--A Reader

Dear Reader,

There's definitely a delicate balance between spending and saving in retirement, especially as more and more people seem to be reaching their 90s. According to the Social Security Administration (SSA), one out of every four 65-year-olds today will live past 90; one out of 10 will live past 95. Those are significant odds. But of course the conundrum remains: Will you be one of them?

When it comes to retirement finances, you'll hear talk of 'longevity risk'--the potential for you to outlive your money. So how do you plan ahead? Most advisors would counsel you to err on the side of caution. You may not be one of the nonegenarians, but if you are, you don't want to be left penniless and dependent.

That said, there's a good case to be made for living life to the fullest while we're still young and healthy enough. After all, as the saying goes, these are the days. For instance, a friend of mine and her husband, both in their 60s, recently bought their dream house. They're both on the verge of retiring, yet they decided to purchase their dream home. Another couple I know travels as much as they can now while they're in their late 60s and early 70s, figuring that once they're in their 80s, they won't have the same desire--or stamina.

These decisions may not follow textbook financial advice, but it makes sense for each of these couples. They're willing to spend a little more on what's truly important to them now--even though it may mean cutting back in other areas later--because the pleasure they get is worth the trade-off.

To me, it's all about balance. There's no boiler plate solution; it depends on your personal situation. With some planning, I believe you and your wife can enjoy this time in your life without jeopardizing your future. Here are some things to consider.

Start with an overview of what you have to spend
The first thing I'd do is look at the broad numbers. Add up how much you currently have to spend each year from all your predictable income sources--for example, Social Security benefits, a pension, or real estate income.

It's the rare retiree who can live on a reliable income stream alone, so next look to your portfolio. The standard industry recommendation is to withdraw up to 4% a year if you want your money to last for 30 years. In other words, if you've saved $1,000,000, you could withdraw about $40,000 a year (increasing each year with inflation) from your portfolio (see more on how to invest below). But that's not set in stone.

Depending on your respective ages or the length of time you plan to continue working, you and your wife may feel your money only needs to last 20 years. You could then decide to take more from your savings earlier on to pay for the things you want to do when you're young. Or you may splurge on a special treat one year and cut back the next. It's your decision--just make it with full awareness of how it may impact your future.

Review your investments
While you're looking at your portfolio, make sure you're invested appropriately for this time in your life. As you move into your 60s and 70s, it's generally wise to begin taking a more conservative approach. You'll likely want to have income-producing investments, but in order for your portfolio to last for decades, you will also need to own investments that have the opportunity for growth. For example, a moderately conservative portfolio would have 40% stocks, 50% fixed income and 10% cash.

Look at your expenses
Now it's time to look at the spending side of your equation, starting with the essentials. First make sure you can cover housing, insurance premiums, health care and basic living expenses like food and utilities. With those taken care of, you can feel more secure about spending extra money on the nice-to-haves. It's also important to have at least a year's worth of your savings in cash so you're prepared for anything that may come your way.

Plan and prioritize together
This is probably the most important point. To spend comfortably, you and your wife need to be upfront about what's most important to each of you and where you're willing to make trade-offs. Create a budget for the things you each want to do--then don't be afraid to spend it. With thought, planning and mutual agreement you can enjoy the present as well as the future--even if you live to a ripe old age.

Looking for answers to your retirement questions? Check out Carrie's new book, "The Charles Schwab Guide to Finances After Fifty: Answers to Your Most Important Money Questions."

This article originally appeared on Schwab.com. You can e-mail Carrie at askcarrie@schwab.com, or click here for additional Ask Carrie columns. This column is no substitute for an individualized recommendation, tax, legal or personalized investment advice. Where specific advice is necessary or appropriate, consult with a qualified tax advisor, CPA, financial planner or investment manager.

COPYRIGHT 2015 CHARLES SCHWAB & CO., INC. (MEMBER SIPC.) (0615-4200)

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