The yoga injuries debate continues. CBS New York News recently reported on the safety of yoga practice.
In my previous HuffPost article, "Five Ways Yoga Promotes Heart Health," I discussed how news reports and other media are hyping up dramatic cases of yoga injuries. Only focusing on the negative aspects, they don't review the medical literature showing yoga's therapeutic benefits.
For example, the sensationalistic reports are excessively promoting isolated instances of yoga-related back injuries. Chronic back problems affect millions of Americans and is a top reason people seek out medical care.
To balance the ongoing debate, here are four yoga back benefits.
1. Yoga -- Safe Treatment for Back Pain
A randomized study published in Annals of Internal Medicine in 2005 indicates that yoga is a safe, effective treatment for chronic back pain.
Researchers at Group Health Cooperative's Center for Health Studies assigned 101 adults with chronic low back pain either to yoga classes and home practice, conventional exercise therapy classes and home practice, or a self-care book on back pain. The participants' back-related functional status (modified 24-point Roland Disability Scale) and pain were assessed at the beginning, at 12 weeks and at 26 weeks of the study.
The yoga participants had 12 weekly, 75-minute viniyoga classes. Viniyoga is a therapeutically oriented style of yoga. The conventional exercise participants had 12 weekly, 75-minute aerobic, strengthening and stretching classes.
The researchers found that after 12 weeks, the yoga group participants were better able to do daily activities involving the back, compared with the exercise or self-care groups. Findings also revealed that after 26 weeks the yoga group participants had, to a clinically significant degree, better back-related function and less pain than the book group. Furthermore, fewer participants in the yoga group used pain medications than did the participants in the other two groups.
"This study suggests that viniyoga is a safe and effective treatment for chronic back pain and provides physicians with a rationale for recommending it (and possibly other therapeutically oriented styles of yoga as well) to their patients," the study authors wrote.
2. Yoga Beats Conventional Treatment For Back
A West Virginia University study funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) reports that Iyengar yoga may relieve chronic back pain more effectively than conventional treatment. Iyengar yoga, named for its founder B.K.S. Iyengar, focuses on alignment to achieve correct yoga poses and prevent injury.
The study, published in Spine Journal, examined the effect of yoga or conventional medical treatment on 90 patients with chronic low back pain. The yoga participants took Iyengar style yoga classes twice weekly for 24 weeks. The control group received standard medical care.
The researchers found that the yoga group had better back-related function and less pain compared to the control group. Furthermore, the yoga group had less depression than the control group.
"Yoga improves functional disability, pain intensity, and depression in adults with CLBP [chronic low back pain]," the study authors conclude. "There was also a clinically important trend for the yoga group to reduce their pain medication usage compared to the control group."
3. Yoga Improves Back Function
A large-scale study published in Annals of Internal Medicine suggested that Iyengar yoga may more effectively improve back function than standard care in patients with chronic back pain.
Researchers at the U.K.'s National Health Service randomly assigned 313 adults with chronic low back pain either to standard care and yoga classes or only standard care (control group). All of the participants received a back pain educational booklet. The subjects' back function status (modified 24-point Roland Disability Scale) and pain were assessed before, during and after treatment.
The yoga group took Iyengar yoga classes once a week for three months (12 classes total). The classes were conducted by Iyengar yoga teachers with training in back care. The participants were encouraged to practice yoga at home.
The researchers found that the yoga group had the greater improvement in back function at three, six and 12 months following treatment, than the standard care group. The yoga group and standard care group had similar back pain scores.
"Offering a 12-week yoga program to adults with chronic or recurrent low back pain led to greater improvements in back function than did usual care," the study authors conclude.
4. Yoga Reduces Back Pain
A randomized control trial published in Pain Journal in 2005 shows that Iyengar yoga may help to reduce back pain.
Researchers assigned 60 participants with back pain either to Iyengar yoga practice or an educational group for 16 weeks. The participants had experienced low back pain for an average of 11.2 years, and 48 percent took pain drugs.
The researchers found that the yoga group had greater improvement in pain reduction and back function and less pain drug use at the end of the study and three months following treatment.
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